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f, COLO-UHCUN AT MILL PRICES. Reg. Trade Mark. ANY LENGTH CUT. SENT CARRIAGE PAID. Sent pod free on approval, to any lady or gentleman. patterns of Ail-wool Manufactures, comprising:- SCOTCH rvVZE38 VESTINGS MANTLE CLOTHS TROUSERINGS SHIRTINGS BLANKETS SHEETING OVERCOATINGS DRESSES SSlTTING YARNS, &c. ■VfTiTSVHHHB Own wool made up into any kind of woollen goods ana Colquhoun s pat- QgyJlUigSHi tarns. Write lor particulars now. AGENC1ES
THE Welsh armtrt fecttc
THE Welsh armtrt fecttc Friday, Aug 13th, 1915. el CARDIGAN, Saturday Turfceys were jraght in for Ilid per lb, geesa and ducks Ilid per lb and fowls 9d. Butter In lumps, Is Old per lb, in lib rolla Is 3d. Poultry (retaiii- lucks and geese Is per lb, fowls lOd and lid per lb, Eggs 2d each. OARMARTHEN BUTTER, Saturday—The demand for cask bntter coatioues good. Pric, s remained firm Is 2d to la 3d per lb, fresh pots Is 3d to Is 4d per lb. Eggs easier at from 17a 6d to 20a per 120. Market closed flat LLANDILO PROVISIONS, Saturday. Butter in lbs, Is 2 £ d to Is 4d; do In tubs, la 2 i wis 2 £ d per lb. Eggs, 5 and 6 fqrlls. Wetoh hease, 6d to Od per !b; Caerphilly ditto, 9d per lb Cheddar, 9d per lb. Fowls, lOd per lb. NEWCASTLE ES1LYN, Friday. — Th-jre vaa a iarge attendance, and business was )CTBIL. Butter—smskll supply, selling well at allowing prices, viz—in uusalled lumps for "tory blentittig Is Ojd, ditto in casks salted or retail purposes Is and h Od per lb, ditto in pound rolls Is 2d per lb 82gs, 7 for Is vVelsh ^jhees^, 5d to 5id gar 5b j rabbits, 6d to fd each. 08WESTRY CORN MARKET. Wednas .AT.-White wheat, 93 8i bo 98 lOd per 75 os red, 9 8 < to 9 lOd old eats, 19s Od ;e 20s dd per 200 lbs new ots, 20a Od to 2is Od per 200 lbs maltmg Parley. 248 to 25a Od per 280 lbs; grinding barley, 19s Od t j 20a per 280 lbs. OSWESi'HY G&NKRAL MAF.K.ET, Wed. to,aday-Fowls, 41 6d to 5a 6d per ooaple lucks, 4s 6d to 6a 6d per couple rabbits, la to Is 8<1 per couple; batter., Its 2d to is 31 pol lb eggs, Is 4d per dJZ m, potaiotid, (new), 2id per lb t5fnatd€s, 4d per lb rhubarb, 2d per bundle cabbages, Id to 2d each apples, 2<1 to 5d pt)c ib carrots, Id to 2d per bunch, BIRMINGHAM, CATTLE. Tuesday. Not many beasts or sheep ofieriag. and demand quiet. Beef, 7ld to gii veal, 9d to 101 mutton lOd to Is Id iamb, Is Id to Is 2d per lb. Pigs scaice and trade active—bacon pigs and small pigs, 14s 6d sows, 12, 3 A er score. LONDON PROVISIONS,.Monday.- Messrs iamnsl Page & Son report: Butter is in steady demand-Danish quoted 142a to 144s Siberian, 130a to 140a breach, 130s to 140a Dutch, 120s to 140s Irish, 120a to 144s lostrallan, 130 Eo 140a, anaalted 108s New Zealand. 102s to 108s, unsalted 116s Argen- .tue, 102. to 106a and unsalted 108s. Bacon steady-Irish quoted 96a to 100s Danish and iweSJish, 94s to 100s; Dutch, 94a to 98s Russian, 92. oe 96a Canadian, 948 to 96., lI..fMt inactive- American long out quoted 70s re 80, iliôrb cut, 84s bo 67s. Lard in inly limited demand—Atfierl5&o pails quoted S3s to t>3s 6 i, and do boxoa, 5111 to 528 6d. jt!ae" slow-Citnadian 6411 to 08s New Zea- tand, 60a to 63a 6d AusfcraHau, 588 to 628 6d Dutch, 76s to 88s. Egga firm and prices Is dearer. tyONDQN DEAD MEAT, Monday.-Good applies and trade Initt, though prices are atner firmer Engiish beef, 33 8d to if 0,1 Scotch sidbs, 4s Od to 4is gd shorts, v* ftd to 4i 10d; extieme, 5s dd 5 Dept|ord and 3a 8d So 3s 8d refrigerated < tiquarter^—beet, 38 2d to So 6d do seconds; ii to 8i 4d do foregaarters, 2s 3d to 2s 4d irgeotibe oiWUsd Blndqaarters, 2s lOd io 4« 4d 1 forequarters, 23 3a lie 28 5d. dntton Scotch wetihara. 4a 4d bo 4s sa; tttto tegs, 4s 81 to os Od do ewes, 2a 8d 3s Od EngMsn ^Bihars, 48 Od to it 4d do ewes, N 8<1 to 3it Od; Diltch iQrjep, 3s 8d to 4s Od Sootoh iamb, 5s 4d to is Od I English Jamba, 41 43 to 5s 6a veal, iis id to 68 8d extreow, 5a td English pork, li 4d to 4a 'M ) Uatidw (j" to Sa to 4a lOd per 8 )
LOCAL AND DISTRICT
LOCAL AND DISTRICT. The winner of the silver crown at the San Francisco eisteddfod for the epic on Abraham Lincoln was the -Rev-. Crwys Williams, the South Wales representative of the British and Foreign Bible Society. There was also a money nrize of 250 dollars. Colonel E. Pryee-Jones, M.P., was one of the speakers at all anniversary of the war celebration organised by the Newtown Oban Council. In proposing the resolu- tion "declaring inflexible determination to continue the struggle to a victorious tr d," he said that if h6 were asked for reasons to prove the justice of our cause he would say that the most important was the abso- lute unity and unanimity of the English people; the marvellous and unprecedented unanimity in the response of the c' ionies and dependencies; and the optni)n of neutral civihsed nations. The rt utt of the struggle would be far-reaching. It would bring the nations of the world much nearer and make them a more united family, an end which it would otherwise have taken gc-n- erations to accomplish. In cricket t rms they were entering their second i.Mungs, and he was confident that the Allies would secure a lasting and honourable victory, (Hear. hear). The Rev. tl. Evan Jones, one of whose sons has been killed and another wounded, made a stirring aT-peal to unmarried men to enlist. Mr. Hugli Lewis, chairman of the County Council, I also spoke. I
Everybody's using it 11 Using what? ZD- Why, Fairy soap of course. The best and goes furthest. fBOIU.5 UNDLSY CO. LTD., NEWCASTLK-OM-TYirfc
YSBYTTY YSTWYTH. Outbreak of War.—A public meeting was held at the Council Schools on Wednesday evening, August 4th, to mark the anniver- sary ot the outbreak of the war. Coun- cillor J. G. Morris Davies, J.P.. Pwll- peiran, Hafod, was unanimously voted to the chair. In proposing iliat on the an- niversary of the declaration of a righteous war this meeting records its inflexible de- termination to continue to a victorious end the struggle in maintenance of those ideals of liberty and justice which are the common and sacred cause of the Allies," the Chairman said that no one present wanted remindng, for they all had it most vividly before them—that that day con- eluded the first year of the great war. Meetings of a similar character were be- ing held that day all over the Empire at which that resolution would be submitted. They had had twelve months of bitter con- flict, and to-day they were still at war. It had been a year of unprecedented effort, and unparalleled sacrifice, and now we find the nation more than ever deter- mined to continue that effort and sacrifice and to intensify it to the full measure ne- cessarv. The situation was serious, and it was incumbent on every one to help in some way or other. Farmers and others who have land, could help by cultivating every foot of ground and by practising economy. By passing the resolution the meeting would help to strengthen the hands of the Government and encourage their brave soldiers at the front. Dr. Morgan, J.P., C.C., Pontrhydygroes, in I seconding the proposition, dwelt on the brutal methods of the Germans in the war —the most barbarous war in the annals of the world. Harmless old men had been shot, women dishonoured and violated, children transfixed 011 bayonets; all done bv the Kaiser's orders to terrorise the in- habitants. When the "Lusitania" was sunk and women and children of a neutral nation were ruthlessly drowned, the Ger- mans gloried in the deed. The Doctor, after praising the excellent work which has been and is being done by the nurses in the hospitals, spoke earnestly on the great necessity for economy. He said that sav- ing is not only a good thing, but a national duty on the part of all who have any sur- plus to spare from what is necessary to health of mind and body. Every foot of ground that could be used for producing food in the form of vegetables, wheat, etc., is a gain to ourselves and to the country. What all should do is to carry out the food in the form of vegetables, wheat, etc., is a gain to ourselves and to the country. What all should do is to carry out the resolution by individual saving and self- denial. That was a way in which every- one can help. They could tmoke less and eat and drink less expensively. iiNIr D. J. Davies, J.P., chairman of Tregaron Rural District Council in supporting the pro- position, said that one of the most inspir- ing facts in connection with the war had been the response of our kinsmen across the seas. Mr. Davies proceeded to give a brief review of the situation and a remarkable and amazing instance of bravery and devo- tion to duty of one of ourtroops at the f i-ont. The Chairman put the resolution to the meeting and it was carried unanimously. It was decided to send a copy to the Prime Minister. I
EisteddfodII Glannaur Ystwyth f
Eisteddfod II Glannaur' Ystwyth. The annual eisteddfod was held at Ysbytty Ystwyth'on Friday. It has been held now for many years and without exception has been an annual success; but it was after some hesitancy that the Com- mittee decided to hot.d it this year, owing to the war which affects everything. The weather was threatening in the morning and the heavy rain which fell in the sur- rounding districts no doubt kept peop'e away. On the other hand it facilitated the attendance of many who if it had been a fine day, would have been busy hay-making. The attendance was fair in ha- the afternoon meeting and in the evening there was almost a record attendance; so that the eisteddfod turned out a succes in every way and justified the Committee's venture. The adjudicators were:—Music, Mr Tom Price, Merthyr; and literature, Mr T. Gwynn Jones. M.A., Aberystwyth. The latter was unable to be present and his adjudication was read by Mr Tom Morgan, the Secretary, and the adjudica- tion of the recitations, etc., was done by the Rev. T. M. Jones, Trisant, and Mr E. T. Griffiths, M.Sc,, Llaniafan. The accompanist was Miss Katie Griffiths, L.L.C.M., Talybont. who performed her duties with skill and efficiency. Mr J. Roes, C.M.. Pontrhydfemligaid Council School, conducted the meeting, and again proved himself one of the best conductors in Cardiganshire. The Rev Mason Jones, who is also one of the veter- ans in that line, was to conduct the evening meeting, but prevailed on Mr Rees to keep the reins in hand through- out the day. Mr D. W. Jenkins, C.M.. Ysbytty Coun- cil School, was the chairman of the after- noon meeting. He gave a brief but edify- ing address on the purpose of the Eistedd- fod with useful counsel to the competitors, especially the children. Dr Morgan, J.P., presided over the evening meeting. He called attention to the present situation in Europe and dwelt on the importance of every individual doing his duty on behalf of his country. They must endeavour to avoid wasting any kind of food and if possible every one should consume as little meat as possible. They should also pay more attention to garden produce. He referred to many other directions in which peop'e could economise. On his proposition, it was resolved that those present at the Eisteddfod p edge themselves to do everything possible to ensure the success of the country in the present crisis. The resolution was carried with enthusiasm. Mr James Hogan was the chairman of the Committee and Mr John Jones, Rhiwlas, treasurer. The secretaries were Mr. T. Morgan. TanygeKi, and T. J. Edwards, Troedyrhiw. The following were the aiN-ai-,ds-- Solo for children under sixteen years: Von Jones, Hafodrhydd. Lyric, "Ffrwd y Mvnydd." Mr Cemlyn Davies, Owrtnewydd School. Recitation for qhildren undV/r sixteen years: Gwen A. Edwards, Troedyrhiw. Solo for children under sixteen years: W. D. Evans, Bronber-lan, Llanafan. Sot'o for children under ten years: Gwyneth Hcwells, Giyn Cerws. Tenor solo: Mr Edgar Williams, Machynlleth. Stanza. "Maes y Frwydr": Mr Cemlvn Davies, CVrtnewydd the fa lowing being the successful composition — Maes y gwn, dig ei ddwndwr—tud actau Dieter, cyfte'r arwr Cae- eirias dan, cri, a stwr.— Dyma Sodom y sawdiwr. Contralto sole Miss Claudia Oliver, Do]bhgenog. Quartette Goginar' party, led by Mr. John Hughes, Penbontbren. Penllwyn. Children's choir, Cadwyn o Ala won Cymreig": Ysbvtty, led by Miss Mary Oliver, Pantychwarel. Prvddest, "Owain Glyndwr." Out of three compositions received, Mr. Gwvnne Jones declared the composition of "Telvn Wawr" to be by far the best. The win- ner was Mr Tom Jones. Cae'rochr, Blaen- pennal, a young man who is n student at the University College of Wales at Aber- ystwyth. The Rev. Mason Jones con- ducted the chairing and Mr H. R. Hum- phreys, Machynlleth, sang the chairing ] song. Baritone sa?o: Mr R- R. Humphreys. j Soprano solo: Miss Annie Jlones, IV-era-, driw, Devil's Bridge-. ) Duett: Mr Edgar Williams and Mr H. R. Humphreys, Machynlleth. ) Five minutes speech, Pwysigrwydd cadw Cytundebau": Divided between Mr Tom Evans, Penbano, Ffairhos,. and Mr, Morgan Edwards, Llanilar. Recitation (open), "Y Groes": Miss Mary Davies, Hryngwinen, Berth. Mary Davies, Brvng,winen, Berth. Cha llenge solo, for which there was a keen competition Mr H. R. Humphreys, Machynlleth. Chief choral competition, Y Blodeuyn Olaf." Glanau'r Ystwyth United (led by Mr Morgan Ishmael, Creigiau Bach) and Afan United Ced by Mr John Jones, Dol
LLANGYBI. Popular Wedrling.A marriage which created a great deal of local interest was solemnized at the Parish Church on Wed> nesday, August 4th, when Mr T. Llewelyn Thomas, second son of Mr. James Thomas, Bank, Pencader, was married to Nurse E. V. Davies, daughter of ivir. Timothy Davies, late of Deny Lodge, Bettws, and niece of Mr. Walter Davies, mayor of Lampeter. The bridegroom was the head- master of Penparke National School, Aber- ystwyth. The bride was for a number of years a nurse at the Aberystwyth poor law institution. The parties are highly esteemed at Aberystwyth, as well as -at Pencader and Llangybi. The church was filled with a large number of friends and well-wishers to witness the ceremony which was performed by the Rev. J. Ll. Davies, Ynyshir (son of Mr. and Mrs. Davies, Ciitg,wyn, Llangybi, and cousin of the bride.) The bridegroom arrived with rela- tives and friends in motor cars bedecked with flowers and bunting. The bride, who was given away by her father, was becom- ingly attired in a dress of cream crepe de chine trimmed with lace and wore a shell- pink pifcture-tehaped hat trimmed wjJili whi.te poppies and lace. She also wore a pendant of amethyst and pearls, the gift of the bridegroom, and carried a bouquet of carnations and sweet peas. The brides- maids were the Misses Thomas, sisters of the bridegroom, who were attired in white silk dresses with hats and streamers to match.' They carried bouquets of cfioice flowers and wore gold bangles, the gifts of the bridegroom. Mr. Walter Davies, Tredegar, brother of the bride, discharged the duties of best man. Miss Gwladys Davies, School House, presided at the organ and played the Wedding March as the wedding party left the church. A re- ception was prepared by Mr. and Mrs. W. Davies, Shop, Llangybi, uncle and aunt of the bride, and among those present were Messrs. T Davies and oJ. Thomas (fathers of the bride and bridegroom) the Mayor and Mayoress of Lampeter, Mr. and Mrs. Walter Davies; Mr. Davies, Gelli, and Mr Davies, Cilgwyn, uncles of the bride; Mr. Thomas, Brynmeddyg, and Mr. Thomas, Penshetvn. uncles of the bridegroom;. Mr. :>nd Mrs. S. B. Thomas, Cardiff; Mrs. W. R Davies, Cardiff and Mr. and Mrs. W. Llovd, Aberystwyth. The toast of the bride and bridegroom was proposed by the Rev. J. Ll. Davies, to which the bride- groom suitably responded. Complimentary speeches were also delivered by the Mayor of Lampeter and Mr W. Lloyd, Aberyst- wyth. Mr. and Mrs. Thomas left by train for iBuiltli and Llandrindod Wells, where the honeymoon is being spent They were the recipients of numerous useful and valuable present!
The War and Agriculture
The War and Agriculture. At the quarterly meeting of Carmarthen, shire Chamber of Agriculture Mr. Daniel Johns, B.Sc.. county agricultural organ- iser, read a paper on Catch crops as a means of increasing production of home- grown food for stock." He said full use could be made of the land by growing another crop between the periods of the two main crops of the year. At present much of the land was idle for a great part of the year. Increased production was more necessary than ever at the present time. Miss La Mothe, agricultural adviser to the women's department of the Board of Trade, spoke on tne employment of women. She said 6,000 soldiers were applied for by farmers for the hay harvest. The women trained for farm work at Aberystwvth College had already been snapped up by the Welsh farmers. Mr. D. H. Thomas suggested that lec- turers should be sent to every parish tell- ing farmers exactly what the Government wanted them to do in order to increase production. He was inclined to think that sooner or later there would he a food "scare," the same as over the ammunition question. There were fewer women doing farm work than was the case years ago. In many villages women had very little to do except look after the children, wash the doorstep, and gossip. Mr. David Hinds. Cwnin, said it was no disgrace for a woman to work on a farm. In recent years women did not want to work on a farm, and it was otten the case that the parents, who had themselves been farm workers, refused to allow their child- ren to go in for it. preferring that they should go in for the post office or for needlework, etc. Mr. W. Williams, LI wynpiod, said if people turned their pianos into oloughs it would be a good thing. (Laughter). Mr. H. Jones Davies, development com_ missioner, said the dignity of labour on the farm should be brought home to women. Miss Straehnn, M.A.. of the Board of Trade Offices, Cardiff, said that of the 80.000 women who had volunteered for work 8,000 of them signified willingness to do farm work.
Indigestion and "Nerves" Extremely Severe Case Cured by Dr. Cassell's Tablets. Mrs. Holmes, of 87. Bolton Brow. cknverby Bridge, eays: "I had pot into a, low. run- down state, with no 'life' in me, and thoiiErh I had r^odicai treatment I only go;, more depressed ami neurasthenic. No for;d i.- me t agreed with me; what ever I ate oaii.-cd wind and palpitation, and the ,plittino headaches I endured were really asonisin™ Mrs. Hol at times. I got no sleep at night, and I waa so nervous thit I dreaded to be left alone. "I had suffered for over a. year when I got Dr. Cassell's Tablets. Soon after I began to feel brighter I could sleep at night, and I grew stronger and better daily. All the bead aches and indigestion left me, and presently I found myself well and strong." ,Dr.Cassells Tablets Dr. Cassell's Tablets are a genuine and tested remedy for all forms of nerve or bediiy weakness in oid or young. Compounded of nerve-nutrients and tonics of indisputably proved efficacy, they a.re the recognised modern home treatment for NERVOUS BREAKDOWN KIDNEY DISEASE NERVE PARALYSIS INDIGESTION SPJNAL PARALYSIS STOMACH DISORDER INFANTILE PARALYSIS MAL-NUTRITION NEURASTHENIA WASTING DISEASES NEnvOUS DEBILITY PALPITATION SL^iPLESSMESS VITAL EXHAUSTION AflAirJHA PREMATURE DECAY S'Jecja!!y ia!uaWe for Nursing Mothers, and during the Critical Periods of Life. Chemists and stores in sll parts of the world s11 Dr. Cassell's Tablets. Prices: 1 il'ld., and 219-the 2/9 size being the most economical. A Free Trial Supply will be oent to you or receipt, of name and address and two penny etamps for postage and packing. Addresa: Dr. Camea's Co.. I.td., 418, Chester-road. Monchester.
ABERAYRON. Intercessionary Senices.-Servioes were held at Trinity Church and at the Tabernacle C.M. Chapel, on Wednesday morning, August 4th, it being the anni- versary of the declaration of war against Germany. Recruiting.-The South Wales Borderers Band, under the direction of Major Jesseii, arrived at Aberayron on Saturday by the mid-tday train. After marching through the town the band returned to the Town Hall for a meeting which had been well organised by the local Itecruiting Officer [ and by Sergeant Thomas. The Hall was weÜ filled. The Rev Evan Evans, H.D., vicar of Henfynyw. was voted to the chair. The speakers were the Chairman, Mr. D. G. Munro House, who read a full | list of the Aberayr.on boys serving in. the army; Dr Edward Williams; the Rev T. M. Williams, B.A., rector of Llanddewi Aberarth; Mr D. Pennant James, solicitor; Mr C. Denham Evans, registrar of County Court: Aid. J. M. Howell, J.P., Mr E. Lima Jones, and Major Jessel. The Band played the national anthems of the Allies, giving a very fine rendering of their "March Past." Major Jessel expressed himsd'f as being highly pleased with the arrangements. Sale.-At the Feathers Hotel, on August 4th, Messrs. Daniel Lewis- Jones and Sons, Esgerhendy, offered freehold farms and land for sale. Nine fields, being part of Rhos, and adjoining Penrhiwfach and Parcrhos, were sold to Mr. L Bowen Davies, barrister,. Swansea, for JS250. Dwelling house and premises,, with thirteen fields adjoining, were sold to Mr. Owen Owen. Gelyn Villa Llwyncelyn, for 300. Field and woodland (with timber), Allt-y-rhos, was withdrawn at £240. Two fields were sold for L340 to Mr. J. Jones, Pwllauduon, Tregaron. levelling house jand premises, Castell Hywel, with eight fields--und closes ot land adjoining, were sold to Mr. Thomas Davies, Araant, Llwvn- «elyn? for Dwelling house and premises, Glannant. with woodland and four fields adjoining, were sold to Mr. J. Jones, Pwllauduon, for £ 300. Dwelling house, Nantgwynfynydd Issa, with farm buildings, and twenty-two fields adjoining, were sold for zCl,760 to 'Mr. J. Jones, Pwllauduon, Tregaron. The solicitors were Mr. T. J. Samuel, Aberystwyth-, and Mr. D. Pennant James, Aberayron.
DECLARATION OF WAR ANNIVERSARY
DECLARATION OF WAR ANNIVERSARY. In pursuance of a notice received from Cardiganshire County Council, the Cerk of Aberayron Urban Council organised a fine public meeting on the Square Field on Wednesday, August 4th to pass a resolution pedging the meeting to do its utmost to prosecute the war to a triumphant issue. Mr. J. J. Davies, J.P., chairman of the Urban District Council, occupied the chair. The speakers occupied the Pierotts' stage. Alderman Howell, in submitting the proposition, said that from the moral aspect England's greatest asset was what the military mostly depored-that their army was hardly large enough to tackle the Belgium army if that happened to be their need. If force was to meet force; if calculated greed and brutality was to be met by greater calculated greed and vitality there was no room for an appeal to Divine interposition and protection. As things were they could silllg with a pure heart the hymn" 0 God, our help in ages past," etc., and go on increasing thei. output of munitions. The Rev Evan Evans, vicar, in support- ing the proposition, said their hope for success and a triumphant success, was that they were fighting for justice and 'iberty. The Rev. T. Gwilym Evans, in support- ing the proposition, said in championing Belgium they were defending their own shores. They could never adequately repay Belgium for the stand it made against the ferocious onrush of the Ger- mans at the outbreak of war. He was gfad that Kitchener had been iblt- to maintain the campaign with undiminished. vigour without resorting to conscription. He trusted it woud he so to the end. The Germans sang of hate; Glreat Britain sane of hope. To. conquer otherwise than by voluntary effort would be to resort to German methods. They abhorred those methods, and would, he hoped, never adopt them. Mr. D. G. Munro Hughes, said that I forty Aberayron boys had joined the colours. He was glad to be able to say that some of the Frontiersmen whom they had trained at Aberayron had done excellent work in South Africa. The Rev. T. M. Williams, B.A., rector of Aberarth, gave a definition of the several tenets of German philosophies who had taught Germany the way to adopt their policy of frghtfulness. The resoiuton was adopted on show of hands by a very large audience. A vote of thanks to the Chairman was proposed by Councillor E'. Lima Jones and seconded by Councillor John Davies, Feathers Hotel. The sinigiiig of the national anthem brought the proceedings to a close.
I BOHTH. Property.—At the Cambrian Hotel, on Thursday, Messrs. Price and Davies, auctioneers offered for sale the garden. land, and premises known as 2, Jasper- villas, in the occupation of F. Brandford. The property was withdrawn at £ 235. The vendor's solicitors were Messrs. Smith, Davies, and Evans.
I TO OUR READERS
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Printings Bookbinding, and Lithograph- ing at the Shortest Notice at the "Cambrian News" Works, Aberystwyth. I i
Agriculture in Merionethsliire
Agriculture in Merioneth- sliire Foe some years past the M-srionefchshire Education Committee have spent a small amount annually on agricultural education in the county. Previous to 1913-14 their expenditure consisted gon^r.-yly of the annua.! grant made to the University College of Wales, Aberystwxth. in respect of the College Farm and a varying amount from year to year to ecwer the cost of popular lectures at local cei^tnes and a. few exhibitions awarded, to stustants to pursue courses at the College. There was no definite scheme of agricultural instruction, due not so muefe to: want (J4¡ sympathy with agricultural education on the part of the local edncatioiE authority as to want of funds. In 1913-14, however, in consequence* of grants obtainable under the 1 arm Institute Scheme, a beginning was and a scheme formulated in association' with the- Agricultural Depart- ment of the University College, Aber- ystwyth, whM-Ii: wjfts to. be put into oper- ation in the county during the year. By thus adopting: a scheme for the county and deciding to carry it out through: the Agricultural Depart- ment of the- College, the county fell into line with the other counties of Wales constituting the area fur agricultural pur- poses of the Aberystwyth College. Under the Farm; Institute Scheme no grants were available except in respect of new expen- diture, but the Board of Agriculture, with the consent of the Development Com- mission, had the power to disciriminate between iliecounties in respect of the actual percentage of the grant made to them in. respect of such new expenditure, according to the amount which the counties had devoted to agricultural edu- cation in the past. Thus in counties where the past expenditure had been high grants on a higher scale were payable than in counties where the expenditure had been low. In determining the grants, the resources of the county and its capacity for expenditure on agricultural education as distinct from other forms of education were taken into consideration. Under the scheme Merionethshire was entitled to an equivalent of sixty-six per cent. of its new expenditure. A scheme of agricultural education was prepared by the Agricu tural Department. Owing to the funds at the disposal of the county being limited, the scheme was somewhat modest and the total expendi- ture, including thp estimated grant from the Board of Agriculture, amounted to £266 5s. Of the above total JB64 was the standard expenditure of the county, namely, the average expenditure on agri- cultural education for the three years ended March, 1912. The additional expen- diture incurred by the county under the scheme was approximately* £66 per annum which was estimated to entitle the county to a grant from the Board of Agriculture of about 1£130. The organisation of the scheme, and the currying out of the work com- prised under the different heads, was en- trusted to the Agricultural Department of the CoDege, and the scheme came into operation in the summer of 1914. Courses of ten lectures each which were largely in the nature of tutorial classes were arranged at Llanegryn and Llanuwchllyn on the principles of agriculture, the turers being Messrs. W. R. Williams and J. J. Griffith. The average attendance at Llanegryn was thirty-one and at L'anuwch- li yn thirty-two, which indicated that the local support given to the classes was satis- factory. Those who attended took keen interest in the lectures and the lecturers report at both the centres that the dis- cussions which folowed each lecture were of an interesting and useful character. It is hoped that further classes on the same lines may be arranged in the county. Lectures on different agricultural subjects were sfso delivered at Maesywaun, Cynwyd, L'andrillo, and Llandderfel by Mr A. A. Jones. Courses of instruction in horticulture were conducted by Mr. J. L. Pickard, F.R.H.S., at Llanbedr, Fes- tiniog, and Maentwrog. Courses of instruction in the management of poptry were conducted by Miss M..J. Williams. tN.D.D, at Llanbedr, Llanfachreth, Rhyd- ymain, Brithdir. LandriJlo, Cynvvyd. Llandderfel, and Llan'uwehllyn. The courses at all the centres proved highly satisfactory. Field experiments were arranged during; the year at the following !centres:—Mr. J. M. Jones, Gyrn, Llan- uwchIlyn,, meadow hay and seed mixtures; Mr. R. W. Davies. Ty Newydd, Llaneg- ryn, Towyn, meadow hay. It is intended to continue these experiments over a number of years. The results will in due course be published and distributed to farmers in the county. As part of the new development in agricultural education in consequence of the institution of the development fund, the Agricultural Department of the Col- lege is now in a position to deal more effectively with advisory work in the counties within its area. By means of a grant made to the College by the Board of Agriculture, two special advisory officers have been appointed, namely, an adviser in agricultural botany and an adviser in agricultural chemistry. The services of the two officers may be obtained by farm- ers in the county free of charge. Advan- tage has already been taken of them by farmers in the county. Other members of the College staff have also been able to render assistance by means of advice and suggestions by correspondence and there was every indication that as the provision of agricultural education made by the county becomes better known this work will largely increase. Farmers in the county may. under the existing arrange- ments, obtain the assistance of the staff of the Agricultural Department of the College, either for purposes of advice or otherwise free of charge in connection with such matters as manuring, feeding of stock, seeds, crops and p'ant diseases, dairying, etc. It should, however, be understood that the work of the staff of the College is intended to be educational and it is as such that it is subsidised by the State. Such work as the analysis of manures, feeding stuffs and other mater- ial for commercial purposes will therefore not be undertaken, there being other recognised means in the county for deal- ing with it. By an old arrangement farmers i"n all parts of the College area may have samples of milk tested at the College for their private information at the rate of sixpence per sample. An excellent beginning has been made in the county in connection with agricul- tural instruction; and the manner in which the various branches of the work have been started, at the centres where courses were arranged, goes far to justify the expenditure of what is after all but a small amount in comparison with the extreme importance of the agricultural industry to the county. The sam,e con- siderations wit:, it is hoped, induce the oountv authorities to continue their expenditure in future years and perhaps to increase the scope of the work as time goes on. The authorities of the College desire to express their appreciation of the sympathetie attitude of the county auth- orities, and of the manner in which those responsible for the local arrangements at the various centres carried out their work. The foregoing is a summary of the report which was presented and consid- ered satisfactory at last week's meeting of the County Education Committee. At the same meeting resolutions from the Welsh Agricultural Council relating to shortage of labour flud. the holding of labour-saving demonstrations were referred to the Executive Committee of the County Agricultural Society.
LLANILAR Farming and Recruiting.-At the monthly sessions, on Friday, there were no cases of public interest. Captain T. P. Lewes, Abermaide, a.'d Mr. j. G. Morris Davies, Hafod, were appointed to act as referees in disputes between farmers and recruiting officers as to the enlistment of farm hands. The other magistrates present were Vaughan Davies, M.P., Evan Richards, and G. W. Parry, Esqrs.
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