Teitl Casgliad: Carmarthen journal and South Wales weekly advertiser
rhifyn: First Edition
Sefydliad: Llyfrgell Genedlaethol Cymru
Hawliau: Nid yw statws neu berchnogaeth hawlfraint yr adnodd hwn yn hysbys.
^WTvWfVTVTVWTVTVTv^WS/^ f I BE SURE I £ that you jive to your general health its proper ahare of attention. It it > rather a curious fact that while £ many people appear to manifest the 7 c Jreatest concern over their property 4 > generally, they are guilty of consid- P carelessness concerning what < '• life's chief asset—their J ✓ general health. The tendency of « > the times is to make heavy—some* S times excessive—demands upon the 5 > physical powers, with the inevitable result that the system gets run-down, £ Days like the present are exceed- C L iogly trying and the bodily powers 5 > liable to suffer from the 4 s You will be well advised iI i VOl) TAKE 1 S steps to combat the earliest mani- » ^stations of indisposition. Ills mnl- ? > tiply—ailments develop-by neglect. S Sueh symptoms as sick headache, > biliousness, constipation, flatulence, "•■rtbnro and loit of taerfy are ? S indications of an over-worked or 4 S unsettled condition of the digestive S organs. One the best medicines c to take under such eireumstances ia J s Beecham's Pills. In the treatment S £ ofdisorders of the stomach, liver < w bowels there is no other propri* x S etary medicine which has had sueh < lengthy and successful record so S B > Mh ten, (rlM Is Id ad as M. J For the Blood is the Life. DO YOU SUFFER from any SKIN or BLOOD DISEASE Such as lexeme, Scrofula, Bad Letfa. nJ?52e*S«lii- Glaj°dul»r Bwel- llngs, Bolls, Pimplen, Sores of any Kind, Piles, Blooa Poison, Rheuma- tism, Gout, etc.? If so don't waste your time and money on lotions and ointments which cannot get below the surface of the skin. What you want and what you must have is a medicine that will thoroughly faee the blood of the poisonoug. matter which alone is the true cause of all your suffering. Clarke's Blood Mixture is just such a medicine. It it composed of ingredients which quickly expel from the blood all impurities from whatever cause arising, and by rendering it clean and pure can be telied upon to effect a lasting cure. Over SO years' success, Pleasant to f VClarlte'sl wif Blood t Sold by all I s.,< Mixture# ■ Chemists and ■ Stores, S.'9 per ■ bottle. I Rafiiae ■ Substitute*. HAS CURED THOUSANDS. WILL CUKE YOU. > of of 1hl! HouseWDt: keatincs KILLS EVERY BEETLE coming into proper contact with it-A FACT Tin. 1el, 3d.. 6d., 1/. JL FOR PAINTING WALLS Petralmel 0 Watt 0 sweet JAMM RUPMAM, r* BmrroL. § You Can Rely On Remedy, In either Sex. for all Acoulred or Constitutional Discharges from Urinary Organs. Gravel. Patas in the Back •nd^kindred complaints. Over 50 Years' Success. Of | Q T* If Ck C ^'Chrrrists. 4/B uerbox. or A sent direct, post free, for Sixty Penny Stamps by the W% M 4 1*1 lid Proprietors — The Lincoln JL H*l9 •nd Midland Countlci Drug •a.JLta., Lincoln. (Fret frmm M treaty*
MARKETS t CATTLE. NEWCASTLE EMLYN, Sat.. March 4.-Ilie fort- nightly mart was held at the Fair Kick I by Messrs. nomas Jones, Son, and George, auctioneers. There V.a" a fair supply and good demand. Prices: Porkers •«v's trussed Is 4d per lb., chickens trussed an
Pimnlp. ie\^errHanant' anc* Wi""ranted Cure for Blonrl rv ^"tvv, Bad Legs, "kin end confiden<»!nQaSCS' an^ cures °* kinds we can with FAMFD rt n^rnmpnrl CLARKE'S WORLD- *W °D AnxTURE. Of Chemists eyery- «
POULTRY KEEPING ON PROGRESSIVE LINES
POULTRY KEEPING ON PROGRESSIVE LINES By W. POWELL-OWEN (Assistant Editor of Poultry "1. (Author of How to make Money from Poultry," Eggs all the Year Round," How to Feed Hens for Egg-produotion," The A B C of Breading Poultry," etc., etc.). WHEN BROODIES FAIL. Failures with broody hens are quite common although the owner himself is very often to bUme One cause is entrusting biddy with the egg> before she is properly broody. If the. nest ,s not rid of insect.?, the hen will become restive and give up hor Ive duties. She will become restive, too. ,f t near the other fowls, owing to her anxiety to be back with them. Again, bad hatches are very often due to leaving the hen off the nest too Ion? fit feeding time, or to giving her too many egirs to cover satis- factorily. If a hen cannot cover all the eggs civen her those on the outside will suffer, and. a=> the broodv shuffles and re-shuffles the ecr-s whilst she pitting, by the time the hatch is over every etrg -will have taken its place on the outside and, through chilling, will fail to hatch. One cannot be too careful in ihe choice or the broody or in the handling of her. and for thi" re;»=on n reliable broody lien has a crood price over her head. T have always strongly recommended the progressive poultry-farmer to keep on those hens that prove excellent broodies, knowing as I (10 the value of a flock of such hens, no matter what their ages may hI". They save their feeding bills over and over ncrain in the extra number of chicks they bring into the world and. what is more. rear. HANDLING THE BROODY. As T have said, careful handling of the broody is R. necessary as selection. I never allow mv hens to 1)p free agents! Manv set their llpn" on the bare ground in an ont.house or cellar, allowing them to oome off and zn on as often aq they choose. free-arrencv has itp drawbacks: it can result in the hen sitting too tightly or getting off ihe eggs too often. It often happens that the poulry-keeper is pleased with the way a hen has behfver) herself during the twenty-one days, but is nonplussed at no chick* being hatched. He may never dream of the lively reason. Every time he has nassed the out- house he has peeped at the hen and found her sitting beautifully on the eggs. It never occurs to him that one fine nighf when the moon was well up Mrs. Broodv walked off those eggs and bein
YOUNG MOTHERS REARING OF CHILDREN
YOUNG MOTHERS & REARING OF CHILDREN INFANTILE MORTALITY IN THE CARMAR- THEN RURAL DISTRICT. In his annual report to the Carmarthen Rural District Council, Dr. L. M. Bowen-Jones, the medi- cal officer. states that the. infant nioi,til t'81 per 1,000—for 1915 was not as high as 1J¡;;¡wJ. but there existed adequate reasons for assuming that some at least of th IF, waste of human life might be pre- vented if some determined effort were made to overcome the difficulties encountered in the success- ful rearing of young children. The information secured unnpr the Notification of Births Act. if turned to proper account, would facilitate a scheme for instructing mothers and imparting to them knowledge on recognised scientific lines on the care and management of infants and children. District Councils wf-e inclined to look to the County Coun- cils to take the lead in these matters. and as the superior authorities, it was doubtless their duty to do o. but in the absence 'of any effort on the oart of the latter, the district council, it was hoped. would give them a lead, and without further loss of time proceed to form a committee to deal promptly with this important branch of public health. He had repeatedly drawn attention to the fact that the principal cause of infantile, mortality in the district was iii, to the want of knowledge possessed by young mothers of the most elementary principles of the management and feecling of infants, and in a lesser degree to the fatalism and consequent lack of care and precaution taken during the preva- lence of epidemic disease, notably that (pf measles and whooping cough. The matter A-otq discussed by the Rural District Council on Saturday. The Rev. J. Herbert stated that during the year 1913 some SC.CCO babies had died before they reaiched the age of twelve months. We hear a good about economy, but of all economies the most important is that of human life. The present great wastage of infnnt life could be avoided if a little more care and knowledge were brought to bear on tli.- matter. There was a good deal of ignorance amongst young mothers. It was time that a scheme were formulated with the object of iinstruotiiwr mothers in the rearing of their children. Ti e District Council might appoint a small committee. This committee would invite the help af the ;adies of the neighbourhood. They might secure the services of one lady from each pari8h who Avotil(I call on mothers and leave suit- able literature with them, and in other ways assist the mothers. The committee could work out its own plan. He proposed that they appoint a com- mittee to deal with the matter. Mr. John J-ones (Plas) seconded. Mr. J. W. Lewis said that he woul(J like to caU attention to a statement made by the Medical Offi- cor that there were seven times as mainy infant deaths in tie- No. 2 district as in the rest of the area. That, ,.otJJd mean 857.1 per 1,000 in the upper district, an 142.6 per 1.000 in the lower. Did the doctor mean that the (1catlis were numerically seven times greater in one district than the other, or in proportion tn rooulation. The Medici.i Officer said that the following para- from annual report explained the matter: Of the 52 deaths of infants under a year old 42 | occurred in District No. 2. and five of these were attributed to whooping cough, as the primary cause of death. No. 2 District includes several" thickly populated mining areas inhabited by a large propor- tion of young married people, hence the birth-rate and consequently the infant mortality would be naturally higher than in the more scattered agricul- tural district?. For out of the 636 births registered in the whole rural district, 360 occurred in No. 2 sub-district.' The numbers were too small for the calculations based on them to be of any value. The resolution, proposed by the Rev. J. Herbert, was carried unanimously, and the following com- mittee was appointed:-Th(i iChaSrinaii, the Rev. J. Herbert. Mr. J. Jones, Mr. J. W. Lewis, Mr. Stephen-1. Mr James Lewis, and Mr. Salmon
Hi jjr Pastime for fWIVES^i :m( The more we kill oft our reserre f 1 stock of poultry, the worse becomes w; J POULTRY POPULATION BY W ■ BREEDING MORE CHICKS. All ■ ■ classes of the community, in TOWN or ■ ■ COUNTRY, can take up this work with ■ a certainty of ninking big profits, provided they make u.e of RHEARSONS ) INCUBATOR < Q —-the only incubator that hatches Bff EVERY eqt,. English imports of eggs and Wf: poultry trorn foreign countries ■ have been so much restricted <■ f- TTt by the war, that the demand JJ+fc; ^sr4?"-4*»\ now far exceeds the I supply. handbook ih* Jl ■f T jHr Prvbtrm Seized" (104/ pub- fj ? T lished at u. K Gratis and A. Sprat?s Patent Li-itd j ■Tlf § 24- 5, Fenchu-rch St-. It 11} fttfjTI E.C. 3-
CARMARTHENSHIRE INSURANCE COMMITTEE
CARMARTHENSHIRE INSURANCE COMMITTEE POSITION OF DOCTORS UNDER THE MILITARY SERVICE ACT. SHOULD THE COMMITTEE APPEAL? A meeting of the Carmarthenshire Insurance Committee wa." held at the Carmarthen Guildhall all Saturday, Mr. David Evans, Manordaf, presid- ing. The report of the Finance and General Purposes Committee stated in regard to sanatorium benefit, that the Welsh National Memorial Association had been paid for 1915 at the rate of L295 14a. 7d. per quarter, which amount represented what was avail- able for 1915 at 80 per cent, of the 1913 grant. Nc. instructions as to the 1916 payment had been received from the Welsh Insurance Commissioners, and it was therefore decided that for the quarter ending March, 1916. the Association be paid equal to the payment for each quarter of 1915. It was also reported that the question of ad- vances to chemists had been considered by the Drugs and Appliances Committee which recommen- ded an advance to chemists monthly of 80 per cent. of the costs of each chemist at the rate of 8d. per prescription. The Finance and General Purposes Committee, however, were -informed that the chemists did n-ot wish advances made to them, and in view of this. and the fact that it would involve a Erreat deal of clerical labour, the Finance Com- mittee decided that no advances be made. It was also decided that the chemists be paid 85 per cent. of the figures submitted in respect of the quarter. INCREASES. The Finance Committee also reported that Mr. George, of London, be paid 15s. per 1.000 for pricing prescriptions for the last quarter instead of 10s. as before agreed to. Two clerks had made anplications for increases of salary, and Victor Evans was given an increase from 15s. to 17s. 6d. a week, and Llewellyn Harries from 10s. to 12a. 6d. On the motion of the Chairman, the report of the Finance Committee was adopted. Mr. Ben. Griffiths, Llanellv, held that a scale of salaries should be drawn up for the clerks. DOCTORS' PRACTICE. The Drugs and Appliances. Committee reported that the Pharmaceutical Committee had called at- tention to the fact that certain doctors, especially in Tilanelly, continued to write repoat mixture" on their prescriptions, and this involved much extra labour on chemists. The Insurance Committee were asked to take steps, in consultation with the Panel Committee, to discontinue the practice of entering repeat mixture" on prescriptions. DOUBLE FEE FOR CHEMISTS. The Drugs Committee also reported the receipt of a letter from the Pharmaceutical Committee stating that they had decided to apply for double fee for all prescriptions dispensed on Sundays and Bank Holidays and after 8 p.m. on other days, pro- vided the doctors marked them as urgent. The Drugs Committee had resolved that 50 per cent. be added to the dispensing fees in such cases. INSURANCE CARDS STAMPED TWICE. The Clerk reported the receipt of a letter from Mr. Albert Davies. Carmarthen, applying for a refund of excess contributions paid. He had stamped two insurance cards for the same quarter.1 The Insurance Commissioners were willing to re- fund the amount due provided the Committee gave approval. The Clerk added that the man stamped two cards because he lost one. The Chairman—And he found it afterwards? The Clerk-Yes. The Committee decided to give the necessary approval. LLANDOVERY CHEMISTS. The Clerk reported correspondence with regard to two chemists at Llandovery—Mr. Richards who had gone off the panel, and Mr. Morgan who was ill and unable to dispense. The local doctors had written to ask what should be done under the cir- cumstances. and he (the Clerk) had replied that the Committee would agree to the suggestion that they should prescribe themselves and receive the fee usually allowed to doctor- in districts where there were no chemists. DOCTORS AND THE ARMY. A letter dated February 20th was read from Dr. Donald Stewart, Ammanford, stating that in the event of his accepting a commission in the R.A.M.C., and if he were called up for service I under the Military Service Act, would it be neces- sary for the Insurance Committee to lodge an ap- peal for his exemption, and Mould it be possible to make arrangements by which his panel patients would receive satisfactory attendance. The Clerk stated that to save time he had replied to the effect that if the doctor entered on military service it would be necessary for him to make arrangements, and failing by' him by the Commit- tee, for the proper treatment of his panel patients. With regard to appealing to the tribunal for his exemption, he told the doctor that he did not think it was the intention of the Committee to do that, so long as there was the possibility of providing treatment to the patients. The doctor seemed satis- fied with that. Mr. J. H. Evans (Carmarthen) said if all the doc- tors were called up, the Committee would be in a very sad predicament. He did not think the Com- mittee should lay down a rule that they were not to appeal. The Chairman—There is no rule laid' down. Mr. H. E. B. Richards (Carmarthen)—Is it not for the doctors to appeal? The tribunal will con- sider all the facts. Mr. Ben. Griffiths (Llanelly) said it would strengthen the appeals if the Committee suppert-ed them.. The Committee ought to appeal for the doc- tors seeing that they were responsible for insured persons receiving proper attendance. Mr. Richards—If a doctor has to go, we will make arrangements for another doctor to look after his panel patients. \Ve are not expected to make appeals. Mr. Ben. Griffiths said the Committee could not make arrangements if th'ere were no other doctors in the country. Therefore, the Committee had to "ee first, of all whether there were any doctors to take the place of those who joined the colours. If there were not, the Committee should certainly appeal. Mr. D. Morgan (Llandilo) stated that in one tri- bunal a reply was given that a doctor was more important at the front than at home. Mr. J. H. Evans said he did not agree with Mr. Richards when he said that the Committee had no I- locus standi.' The Committee employed the doc- tors and as employers they had a right to appeal. The work of national insurance was of national- interest, and on that ground the Committee could appeal. He agreed that where arrangements could be made, doctors should he relieved for the colours, but that might be carried too far. and insured per- sons might not have fair play. He proposed that power be vested in the Chairman and Clerk to find out whether eligible doctors could be replaced in certain localities with due regard to efficiency, and if not that the Committee should appeal for exemp- tion to the local tribunals. Mr. Wm. David (Llanellv), seconding, said it was important. that the Committee should be kept in touch with a movement of that sort as to whether they might be deprived of any doctors. It.was a very small measure of interference to ask the doc- tors to keep the Committee informed, so that the Chairman and Clerk might decide on the spot what was best to be done in eflch particular case. The motion was carried. LLANDILO DOCTOR. A letter was read from Mr. Powell, solicitor, Llandilo. stating that the panei patients of the late Dr. Hvans had been transferred to Dr. Phillips, Llandilo. ECONOMY*. Mr. Rees Davies (Whitland) gave notice uf motion for the next meeting as followsThat in view of the war and the creat demand for economy that members of the Insurance Committee should attend all meetings aiyl conferences called by the Clerk on their own expense for the duration of the war and six months after. Also that printed minutes and agendas of meetings be dispensed with for the same period." INSURED SOLDIERS. The Clerk reported that as a part of the agree- ment with the Memorial Association, arrangements had been made whereby insured soldiers in military hospitals suffering from tuberculosis A- i uld bo transferred for sanatoria treatment. BURRY PORT ACTION. With reference to a letter read at the last meet- ing from a Burry Port chemist, pointing out that there was overlapping among insured persons who had come to work at Pembrev. the Insurance Com- missioners reported that with a view to putting the matter right, an official had visited the place; explanatory posters had been exhibited in promi- nent places; and that Mr. Colby, Burry Port,-had been provided with supplies of medical forms and explanatory literature. He had promised to give the workers the benefit of his advice wherever possible. About 1,000 of the persons employed at Pembrev were permanent residents of Burry Port :lld Llanellv, and the majority of the remainder come and go at the rate of 15 or so a day. The Clerk was instructed to ascertain what had •
CARMARTHENSHIRE INSURANCE COMMITTEE
been the result arising out of the action of the Commissioners. SCALE OF EXPENSES. The Insurance Commissioners wrote approving of the following scale in respect of the expenses of re- presentatives of the Committee attending meetings of the Association of Welsh Insurance Committees, viz., third-class railway fare; 5s. a day for a period of six hours, and 7s. 6d. for over six hours; and 15s. when absent from home over night. MISCELLANEOUS. A letter was read from Mr. Noah Williams, Pru- dential Approved Society, resigning his membership on his removal to Holyhead. Dr. Lloyd, Llanarthney, wrote stating that owing to advancing years, and tho fact that he had failed to obtain assistance, he would resign from the panel as from the 1st July next. Dr. Collins Davies, Narberth, wrote that he was an applicant for a commission in the R.A.M.C., and the local medical men were willing to do his work in his absence. These doctors had decided that five-eighths of the fees they would receive be transferred to Dr. Davies provided the total did not exceed £100. It was reported that 100 persons had been re- commended for sanatoria treatment since the last meeting.
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CARMARTHENSHIRE AND INSURANCE COMMISSIONERS
CARMARTHENSHIRE AND INSURANCE COMMISSIONERS COMMITTEE PASS SEVERE CRITICISM UNDER A MISUNDERSTANDING. At a meeting of the Carmarthenshire Insurance Committee at Carmarthen on Saturday. Mr. Wm. David and Miss Brodie (LiaziMy) stated that a yeung girl at Llanelly had been waiting for four months for sanatorium treatment, and a place for her had not been found yet. Mr. David said it was a matter where they should take the National Memorial Association to task very severely. The Committee should get a guarantee that they would give treatment to their patients without undue delay. Mr. J. H. Evans (Carmarthen) said it was a dis- grace that a girl should have to wait four months for treatment. The treatment was no good if it was not given in the initial stages of the disease. If the Committee allowed such things to go on. they were not worthy of being representatives of anyone. They should make an investigation in order to find out how many cases of this kind existed. If they did not get what they deserved from the Memorial Association, the Committee I should make tlioir own arrangements. Dr. Phillips said the Committee should ascertain whether the case referred to was a suitable one for sanatorium treatment. There were certain cases too advanced for the treatment to be beneficial. The Clerk pointed out that the recommendation in the case of the girl referred to was for dispen- tr^tment- anf' no^ sanatorium treatment. The Chairman (Mr. David Evans) said that some time ago there was a considerable flutter about this matter, and statements were made there that patients had to remain a verv long time before they had treatment. The officers of the Memorial Association said they felt very much hurt indeed that those statements were. aflowed to go to the public, implying that neglect on their part had re- sulted in patients being kept for some months at home. They said it was not so. and that the average length of time for patients to be kept at home was nothing like what was stated there. He was sorry that they had kept this girl far four months. Carmarthenshire joined the Association and Pembrokeshire refusea to. Both counties at first stood out. Pembrokeshire honourably stood to the contract, and Carmarthenshire backed out of it. With regard to the case raised they should call the Memorial Association to account. Mr. H. E. B. Richards (Carmarthen) said this case of four months was quite uncalled for, and the Committee should ascertain the method of selection adopted by the Association. They must have per. fectly fair and square treatment all round. Mr. Ben. Griffiths (Llanelly) said the Committee did not follow the cases up after discharge from a sanatorium, and did not try to find out whether the patients derived benefit from the three months' treatment, nor whether they had complaints to make. The Committee should certainly take at least a more humane interest in the business, in- stead of simply paying over the/money and leave the matter between the patients and the Associa- tion. The Committee should endeavour to show to patients that they had their interests at heart. The Committee should be vigilant and see that the Association kept up to contract. Mr. Ben. Evans (Gwastod Abbot) asked if there was anything show that people did not receive the treatment recommended for. If not. all that discussion and criticism of the Memorial Associa- tion was beside the mark entirely. The Clerk replied that the girl referred to was recommended for dispensary treatment and not sanatorium treatment. There you are." re- marked Mr. Evans, and the meeting realised that the discussion was based on wrong premises. I thought it was a. case for the sanatorium," said Mr. H. E. B. Richards. I thought so too," said the Chairman, and other members said their criticism was madie under a wrong impression. A list read out by the Clerk showed that persons were admitted to a sanatorium only a few davs after recommendation. Mr. Ben. Griffiths referred to an article in a newspaper in which the writer who had been a patient, at. a sanatorium made very grave charges against the treatment. The Committee should see if there was anything in them. The Clerk was directed to inquire if a mistake had been made in the Llanellv case referred to in recommending the girl for dispensary instead of sanatorium treatment.
GLASGOW WELSH SOCIETY
GLASGOW WELSH SOCIETY The abovQ society brought their winter session to a close recently when they held their annual St. David's Day Re union at Craii-stons Royal Ex- change. which took the form of a supper, followed by patriotic: toasts, music and address in Welsh and English. The president, Mr. D. J. Roberts, L.R.A.M., pre- sided. and the chief speaker was the Rev. L. Jenkins Jones, ex-mayor of Woolwich, who delivered a most inspiring address on St. David's Day and its relation to Wrelshmen. There were present nearly 200 Weisli people and included in this number were 30 Wels.i wounded soldiers at present recuperating in the various city hospitals whom the committee brought along to enjov a -free evening's entertain- ment. Every county and in faet nearly eyerv district was represented and each one present was of the opinion that it was one of the most successful meetings we have had in recent years, and we are pleaded to find (writes a correspondent), although a number of our member are away. the average attendance at the meetings ha-, been over 150. Over 40 Welsh people have been Tot into touch with during the session. Several of these are here temporarily on munitions work. The chief speakers this winter were Professor Levi. Aberystwyth: Mr. G. A. Herbert Price. Penarth; Revs. E. Lloyd Morris and L. Jenkins Jones. The soc ety would be glad if readers of this paper who .know of any Welsh people in Glasgow, and especially wounded Welsh soldiers located here, would communicate with the secretary, the societv is most anxious to do what they can'for them while here. Adrrress :— J AIFAX GRIFFITHS. Secretary, 267, Crow Road, Broom hill, Glasgow.
CARMARTHENSHIRE EDUCATION COMMITTEE
CARMARTHENSHIRE EDUCATION COMMITTEE NO FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE FOR. UNATTESTED TEACHERS. APPEALS TO BE MADE FOR MARRIED ATTESTED TEACHERS. A meeting of the Carmarthenshire Education Committee was held at the Guildhall. Carmarthen, on Thursday, the 9th inst., Mr. W. N. Jorn-s, Am- manford, presiding. There were also present: Lieut.-General Sir James Hills-Johnes, V.C- G.C.B.; Messrs. Mervyn Peel. Danyralit; David Evans. Manordaf; T. R. Jones, Pantglas; James Philiips. St. Clears; L. N Powell. Carregcennen; J. Griffiths. Ardwyn; W. Greville. Llannon; E. Bowen, Llandefeilog; Ben. Evans. Gwastod Abbot; D. E. Davies, Llanwrda; D. J. Jones, Llangen- nech: Gwilym Vaughan. Brynamman; T. Morris, Garnant. and Thomas Thomas. Llangennech; Rev. Fuller Mills. Carmarthen; Reve. W. Davies. Llan- dilo; E. B. Lloyd. Bwlehnewydd. and R, H. Jones, Llangendeirne; Dr. J. H. Williams, Burry Port Messrs. W. J. Thomas, Llanarthney; David Davies, Rhyblid: J. 1.1. Thomas. Hendy; J. LI. Thomas, Ferrvsidc; C. E. Morris. Carmarthen; John Lloyd, Penybank. and Dr. Lloyd. Newcastle-Emlyn; to- gether with the Clerk (Mr. J. W. Nicholas) and other officials. ATTESTED AND UNATTESTED. A letter was read from a teacher called up" compulsorily, asking the Committee if he would be granted financial assistance like attested teachers, and if a post would be found for him after the war at his present salary. A discussion ensued on the position of such teachers. It appeared that the Committee had some time ago decided to grant half-pay and a pro- mise of reinstatement to teachers who enlisted. Mr. John Lloyd said that the resolution did not apply to such a case. This man had no chance. He was bound to go whether he liked or not. Mr. Mervyn Peel said that the resolution had been passed in order to induce men to enlist volun- tarilv. There was a great deal of difference be- tween those who had volunteered, and the others who by their silence and by doing nothing had re- fused to volunteer. This man had not gone -of his own free will and he ong-ht not to be placed on the same footing as those who had. Sir James Hills-Johnes said that this man was in a different position altogether. It was decided not to give financial assistance to teachers joining under the Military Service Act, but to make an effort to re-instate them when they returned ATTESTED MARRIED MEN. The Clerk asked if he was to appeal for exemp- tion for married head-teachers when called up. Mr. John Lloyd stated that married head-teachers who had not attested would not be called up. and if the attested had to go. the unattested would be there to take their places. Rev. W. Davies—That would be verv unfair. Mr. Lloyd said the attested should not be placed under a disadvantage in that wav, and the Com- mittee ought to appeal for them. Mr. Gwilv t Vaughan said the general feeling wa.s that the married men who had attested had been let into a trap. and Lord Derbv in a recent speech sympathised with them.. It was decided that the Committee should ap- peal for exemption for all married teachers—heads and assistants. TEACHERS AND WAR BONUS. The Carmarthenshire Association of Tea-chers wrote asking the Committee to reconsider its deci- sion not to grant a war bonus to the certificated teachers, and pointed out that a war bonus of 4s. per head would mean a penny rate. The Committee were about to pass on to the next business without comment, when Dr. J. H. Wil- liams gave notice of motion for the next meeting. SCHOOL CHILDREN ON THE LAND. The Carmarthenshire War Agricultural Com- mittee wrote stating that in depreciating the em- ployment of child labour on the land the Welsh National Agricultural Council had not fully realised the extreme scarcity of labour. Mr. Mervyn Peel said it would be a great help to tribunals and advisory committees if it were known that farmers could, subject to certain conditions of the Board of Education, get children to work on farm. The Committee should do everything possible to relcasr school-children for farm work. Mr. James Phillips said the dang-ell" was if it became known that children of 12 to 14 were avail- able for farm work. poor people would be tempted to send their children to places which had madf no sacrifice whatever, and not only would the educa- tion of those children be interfered with, but the Committee would be assisting the greatest shirkers. They should only take into consideration those farms which had sent men to the Army. The Committee adhered to their former resc'u- tion to consider each application on its merits. I VARIOUS. The Mining Committee reported that in view cf the war no mining scholarships would be awarded this year. A letter was read asking whether the would allow a collection for the Nntibr;i! Fund for Welsh Troops to be taken "p n the sobooJs The^e was a rule in force forbidding the tnking up 01 collections in school.—Sir Jam Hius-fobnes 8.;d that there was nothing very ioe.ial th' They should stick to the rule.Mr. John Ikjd- It is a very proper resolution; otherwise the cri,ldrcn would be always collecting f* r something.The Chairman: There is nothing to present thtm col- lecting after school hours. A letter was read stating thrt Tranp Cc-II.cil School had been temporarily closed" owing to the prevalence of several different diseases amongst the children." It was necessary the school should be thoroughly disinfected.—Instructions were given to the Attendance Officer to disinfect the school. APPOINTMENT OF TEACHERS. The following appointments of teachers were made:- Llechyfedach Council School (female)-fi F. E- Greville. Training College, Swansea. Conwil Council School-i805 Hannah Mary Thomas. Cloth Hall, Pencader. Llandilo Church of England School (mixed depart- ment)—Mrs. C. M. Harries, Hendy Council School (mixed department). Tycroes Church of England School—Mrs. Blodwen Evans, 18, Station-road. Tirydail, Ammanford. c'o m Penygroes Council School (mixed department)- Mrs. Rachel Ann Williams, Greenfield, Gorslas. Llandebie. Gwernogle Council School—Miss Elizabeth L. Rees, Llwyn-helyg, Cwmanne, near Lampeter.
MILITARY NOTES AND QUERIES
MILITARY NOTES AND QUERIES M. MoC.—By tho terms of the Army Act deserters in war time may be sentenced to death, but though men who fail to obey the Compulsion Act summonses to serve will be regarded as deserters, they cannot, in any circumstances, be sentenced to death. E. E.—If the individual you have in mind in vour letter made statements to the Tribunal with the view of obtaining exemption, he has placed himself in a very nasty position; he is liable to six months' imprisonment, with or without hard labour. Terriek Till.-As you joined the Territorial Force after the 1st June, 1915. and are at present on home service, the kit allowance which you are now entitled to is 2d. a day—not 2d. as your friend declares. Because of the increase in the COfIt. of everything the Government recently raised the kit allowance from 2d. to 2d. a day, so that such Territorials who have 2 to themselves provide renewals and replacements of smali kit and necessaries may thereby be better able to meet the increased prices. Miss W. W.—I sympathise with you in the sudden death of your mother, and. in reply to tho question you ask about dependent-' allowance, I can inform you that if you Kond an application to the Regimental Paymaster the allowance formerly drawn by your mother will, slightly reduced in amount, be issued 'for the benefit of you and your younger sisters, as long as you are not breaking up the home. J. GRAHAM.—If you are a widower, totally incapa- citated from earning a Living by reason of age or infirmity, and are in distressed cireumstanoes, you may. because of the death in aotion of your gallant son, be granted a pension at the same rates as a widow mother who has similarly lost a son. Suci) pension will be based on the amount of the annual support afforded you by your son when he was alive. But in no case will it exceed the pension which the widow of an officer of the same rank as your son's would be granted. Put in other words that means. a your son was a Second-Lieutenant, that the highest pension you could secure would be LIN. I can a -sure you that I deeply sympathise with you in the loss you have sustained, but I hope your grief will be tempered somewhat by the thought that your uie
The Rev. T. Geler Jones, vicar of Felinfoel has been -pprMnted chaplain to the high-sheriff of'Car- marthenshire for this year (Mr. W. Y. Nevill, Llan- elly).
BABY OWEN. Had Eczema very Badly. 24. Grove Place. St. Thomas Green, 0 Haverfordwest, Pembrokeshire. Sirs, 0 My baby boy has been brought up from a month- old on Virol. He was a very poor specimen of babyhood when born, and after a fortnight developed eczema, which entirely covered him from head to foot. We despaired of his life as he was unable to retain anv food. One day I was advised by mv nephew to try Virol. This I did, and I must say from the time he started taking it he began to improve, and is to-day a fine bonny baby. I cannot speak too highly of your valuable food, as I am sure it was Virol that saved my baby's life. Yours gratefully, B. OWEN. VIROL In Measles and Whooping Cough Virol should be given to children of whatever age. Virol increases their power of resistance and recovery and strengthens them against dangerous after effects. In Glass .t Stone Jars, 1/ 1/8. a 1/11. VIROL, LTD., 112-161. Old lirMt, B.C. a.H.B.
CARMARTHEN BOROUGH TRIBUNAL
CARMARTHEN BOROUGH TRIBUNAL APPEALS ON BEHALF OF MENTAL HOSPITAL STAFF. At the Carmarthen Borough Tribunal on Fridav night, Mr. W. J. Wallis-Jones appeared on behalf of the Joint Counties' Mental Hospital, the Com- mittee of Yisitor-s of which asked for postponements for several members of the staff. Twelve months' postponement was allowed in the case of the second medical officer. Dr. Richards stated that this was the only medi- cal assistant he had now. He used to have two. Three months' postponement was granted in the case of the assistant clerk. Extensions were gran- ted also in the case of several artisans and of a few attendants. Dr. Richards stated that of 33 attendants em- ployed before the war, 16 are now in the Army. MINISTERIAL STUDENT. A ministerial student, aged 28, said that a physi- cal trouble from which he suffered caused him hard and terrible suffering, an this prevented him undertaking any work which required continual strain. The applicant was referred to the Medical Board. A CARPENTER. A carpenter, aged 29J. vears, applied for exemp- tion. He said that he-had been under medical treatment. He added, "I do not think I should be able to withstand the stram of military life. I am under treatment by a dental surgeon. "l should tu 1^° anything that my health will allow." The Recruiting Officer-Do you continually feel ill ? Applicant—Yes. The Recruiting Officer—Then you will have no objection to going in front of the Medical Board Mr -Hol in r think this man ought to be re- ft Mll'tarv MecKcal Officer. a bmltllng contractor asked for a postponement in the case of a carpenter, aged 39. The man was assisting with a Government contractor which would have to be finished by the end of March On behalf of the man it was stated that he was not medically fit. The application was deferred in order to enable the man to go before the Medical Board. A TEACHER'S APPEAL. A teacher employed by the Borough Education Committee applied for a postponement in order to enable him to go in for an examination. In hia application he said he was the sole support.. The Recruiting Officer-The sole support of whom —of yourself? Applicant-Yes, of myself. A month's postponement was granted. APPEAL REFUSED. A garage proprietor applied on behalf of an apprentice aged 19. Applicant said that six of his men had left since the outbreak of the war j °,u on "whose behalf the application was made, had served two rears out of a three Years' apprenticeship. 3 s ii^r' H. Thomas This is an apprentice surely^? n0t ask us to exempt an apprentice The application was refused.
LLANLLWCH Tne annual parish and Sunday School tea "J the Parish Room on Thursday, -February 7th- Tables were ta.ken by Mrs. Marsden Tho vicarage, assisted by Mies Marsden, Mrs Gwynfan; Mis* Richards. Redcourt. knd MisV EvSl* Pondside. and Mrs. D. Davies, Cillefwr, assist Mrs. Howell, Llanllwch. Tea being
THEY GROW IN WALES. 1,000,000 Copies of illjstrated Catal"rllc f0r '9I6. Catalopne for iqi6. "ro LP Ott, Thil Valuable Book will be M'nt to all readers of the Journal on application. Great Free Gifts and Special Discounts to F T r,on. Early Buyers. fc. T. GIBBS, F.R.H.S., THE PRIZE SEEDSMAN EAST FINCHLEY, N. THEY GROW IN WALES.