Teitl Casgliad: Brecon county times, Neath gazette and general advertiser
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fJJ (?J PIANOFORTE. t!!J1 I Heins & Co's. NEW MODEL t IRON FRAME. CHECK ACTION. TRICORD FULJ COMPASS. WALNUT OR ROSEWOOD CASE. f HEAVY SCONCES. CELESTE PEDAL. I' Guaranteed for Ten Years. '4 NETT CASH £ 16. l Carriage Free. WE ARE SATISFIED WITH A VERY SMALL PROFIT." HEINS & Co. Ltd., BRECON. 0 I • 15"^ (3^, l j CAMBRIAN RAILWAYS ANNOUNCEMENTS. Epsom Spring Races, April 21 and 22. Sandown Park Races, April 23, 24 and 25. Children's Welfare Exhibition, Olympia, April 11-30. Clothing and Outfitting, Drapere' & Ladies' Wear Exhibition, Agricultural Hall, April 20 to May 1. ON TUESDAY, APRIL 21, for 2, 4 or 5 days, Excursion Tickets will be issued to LONDON (via Welabpool). Football and Hockey Parties. Picnic Tickets at a single fare and a third for the return journey are issued for a minimum of 10 adults upon 3 days' notice being given ot the Stations. Early Closing Excursions. EVERY WEDNESDAY until further notice, Half-day Excursion Tickets will be issued from BRECON by the 1-20 p.m. train, to TALGARTH, BUILTH WELLS, RHAYADER, and intermediate Stations. i FTIOURIST TICKETS are issued to Aberystwyth, Barmouth, Pwllheli, Rhyl, Abergele,Llan- I _|_ dudno, Carnarvon, Holyhead, Blackpool, Southport, Buxton, Matlock, The English Lake I. District, The North-East Coast of England, Isle-of-Man, Scotland, and many other places. B See Tourist Programme. p For any further information respecting the arrangements shewn above, application should be made at any of the Company's Offices or Agencies or to Mr. W. Herbert Williams, Supt. of Line. Oswestry, April, 1914. S. WILLIAMSON, General Mahager. THOMAS REES, CORN FACTOR & IRONMONGER, r l BRECON, BEGS to point out that although he does not give his Customers Bonuses on their purchases he is doing what is better. | (1) He gives them Good Value for their money. (2) Delivers Goods to the Customer's Address Free of Charge. A Large Stock of Agricultural and Garden Seeds and Fertilizers ready for delivery. Also a stock of AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS. WL ORDERS ESTEEMED AND CAREFULLY ATTENDED TO. Address: 8, SHIP STREET, BRECON. I -'a .oD" i "SPECIAL B Is an ENGLISH COAL supplied in two sizes COBBLES and NUTS; Suitable for PR AWING ROOM and KITCHEN alike; Hot, durable, and reasonable. The Colliery Owners have definite appointed Agents in every; district. FOR CENTRAL WALES Braconshire Coal and Lime Co., Ltd. v Stocked at ill the Company's Depots. Truck Loads to any station. tiOSTERS for Cuu' tt-i. Eotertaioinents, ML Football Ma'ciup, attractively printed K Cheap RateB ai y S ze, any Colour.— S County Times 03JO •, Brecon. 1; Iz I DOUBLE WEAR 'LEATHER 'Mb PROVIDES A BOOT OF §M ||p LIGHTNESS AND DURA- 4M,. ||p B1L1TY. THE SOLES ARE ^|p TANNED BY A PROCESS 'Mb IN WHICH CHROMIC ||p A OXIDES ARE COMBINED W ||1 WITH HIDE FIBRES m| FORKING AN INSOLUBLE :lip NEUTRAL LEATHER » ||p WHICH IS RENDERED fM WATERPROOF. lW SOLD BY I S. GARRETT, | HIGH STREET, F BRECON. | J. THOMAS (gig.) General Draper, General Draper, 17, Castle St., Brecon. I NEW STOCK! NEW STOCK Specialities. Cheap and Stylish Millinery. Ladies' Tailor-made Costumes. a and Up-to-date Ladies' Shirt Blouses. ■ Latest Suitings B Fashionably-Cat Breeches made on ■ the premises. ■ 205th Year of the E-; N FIRE OFFICE. FOUNDED 1710. The Oldest Insurance OEce is the World. I Insurances effected on the following risks:— FIRE DAMAGE. Resultant Loss of Rent and Profits. Employers' Liability and Workmen's Compensation, ncluding Accidents to Domestic Servants. Personal Accident. Sickness and Disease. Fidelity Guarantee, Burglary, Plate Glass. LOCAL AGENTS. BRECON Mr DAVID POWELL Wedding Cards. Call and see the Beautiful Designs In Endless Variety at the COUNTY TIMES OFFICE, BRECON. LADIES. ST. DOMINIC'S Therapeutic Pilloids cure all irregularities from any cause in married or single. They act in a few hours wonderful; marvellous results. Every case guaranteed.— Enclose stamp for particulars.—MADAME D. MACDONALD, 210, Wimborne Road, Wintors Bournemouth
IU M N S W ERABLE I
I U M & N S W ERABLE. I tIJ> VW JOHN BULL:—What about the blessings of Free Trade now? Can you say anything like that about this country ?
HAY URBAN COUNCIL
HAY URBAN COUNCIL. The New Water Scheme. Support of After Care Deferred. The adjourned monthly meeting of the Hay Urban District Council was held on the 9th inst, there were present Councillors J. Cater (chairman), T. J. Stokoe (vice-chairman), F. Cad man, J. Morgan, and J. Evans, with Messrs R. T. Griffiths (clerk), and A. E. Smith (surveyor). TAR SPRAYING DANGERS. On the Sarveyor being asked to make an estimate and to report on the roads that will need tarring a discussion arose as to what could be done to alleviate the slippery con- dition caused by the Bpraying. It was pointed ont that several accidents had occurred in con- sequence. I The Chairman thought that if granite chipp- ings were thrown on tarred places when the road was rendered soft by sun it woald improve matters. The Surveyor said they knew of nothing that would stop tarred roads from becoming slippery. I The Chairman suggested that the surveyor should get into communication with Mr Harpnr, the county roads surveyor, and talk over the matter with him. The Surveyor said he had already done so, and Mr Harpor told him he had bad complaints from all over the connty. Mr Cadman remarked that it wa dangerous to drive abont, and 80 there was no pleasure in it, for one did not know the minute one might have a spill. Farther consideration on the subject was left over till the annual meeting. "AFTER CARE" QUESTION. The Committee of the whole coancil.reported that they had met a Deputation of the Brecon- shire Education Authority on the question of the appointment of a 'nurse at Hay for the treatment of scboolohildren and for public health work, and the clerk submitted a letter from the Secretary of the Education Authority on the matter. A discussion took place, and it was pointed out that to contribute the sum of 9,10, which was what the Council were asked to do, was equivalent to a -Ili rate. In the main the duties whioh the nurse would have to perform were really County Council duties. The sum of £10 did not compare favourably with JE20 which Talgarth was aaked to give, Talgarth covering a large and extended area. The ratable value of Hay was small, only j £ 5,000, and that was why their rates were so high. When XIQ secant a d rate it eeeded consider- I 2 atlou. There Wag, however, an apparent desire to fall in with the scheme if possible. It was resolved that the consideration of the It was resolved that the consideration of the matter be adjourned to the annual meeting of the Council. COMMON AND GIPIY LANE. A letter was read from the Hay Rural Parish Meeting, again calling attentiou to the state of Common and Gipsy Castle Lane and pointing out that the repairs promised by the council had not yet been carried oat. The Surveyor said be had been hauling stone all the winter at intervals. It was resolved that the Sarveyor be instructed to get the stone ready as soon as he was able to get it hauled to the roads in qusstion, and that further consideration of the letter be deferred to the annual meeting. SURVEYOR MUST BE SATISFIED. A letter was read from Mr A. H. Lilwall, of Broad street, asking permission for the laying of a pipe with cement covering for the purpose of making a ^arrisge way across the pavement to his premises. The Chairman said that whatever was done Mr Lilwall would have to do at his own cost, and under the supervision of the Sarveyor. The plan proposed would give a better appear-, ance than timbers in the gutter. Mr Cadman emphasised the necessity of the work being carried oat to the satisfaction of the Sarveyor. I It was resolved that permission be given subject to the work being carried out to the satisfaction of the Surveyor. MIDWIFE WANTED. On the reading of the Medical Officer's annual report it was resolved that the attention of the County Council be called to the fact that there is no certified midwife in the Council's district, and there is need of one. ALLEGED NUISANCE. The Inspector of Nuisances reported the existence of a nuisance at the premises occupied by Mrs Hitchcox, in Broad Street, arising from a defective drain, and asked for authority to enter the premises and have the drain examined. It was resolved that he be so empowered to to enter the premises and that notice of intsn- tion to do so be given to the occupier. DEFECTIVE HOUSES. The Surveyor reported on two houses in Brecon road occupied by Mr G. South and Mr G. Barber respectively, and owned by Mrs Joces, of Pontypridd. He stated that the roofs of both houses was in a bad state, the tiles being rotten, and rendering the houses damp. In respect of the house occupied by Mr South, the drainage in the yard required attention. There was a small skylight in one bedroom which was the only means of lighting and ventilation. Water was conneoied with the scullery, but there was no sink. There was a similar d< feet in the house occupied by Mr Barber. There the w.c. was in a bad condition and the kitchen window and one bedroom wiudow required to be made to open. The usual order was given for the necessary Work to be carried out. ¡ WATER SUPPLY. The Sarveyor reported having gauged tbe water supply on tbe 1st inst. as follows:- Llangwathan, 54,600 Rallons j New Forest, nil; Hay Common. 59.800 gallons; total, 114,400 gallons in 24 boars. The New Forest main had borst; bat be hoped to have it repaired during the week. SCHEME FOR NBW WATER SUPPLY. The Surveyor submitted his scheme for providing the distriot with a proper supply of water, to be obtained from the Llangwathan source, supplemented by the Dalais brook. The report stated "The amount of water necessary to provide the district with a con. stant supply of water for domestic purposes is 52,000 gallons per day cf 24 hoars, this figure having been obtained from actual tests J in the summer months, when the demand wonld bear its very maximum. No provision is made for fature extensions, but for all oases of emergency the Hay Common reservoirs would be in reserve. The present supply at Llangwathan is chiefly deep spring water, obtained from the Devonian formation, and the geological and physical conformation of the ground from which it is obtained is a guarantee of the continuance of the same average amount of yield as heretofore. It can safely be accepted that the greatest amount registered from the brook would be at the rate of 38,000 gallons per 24 hours, which will occur Only under very exceptional circum- stances, the average quantity for the summer months from Jane to October being 11,000 gallons per day. Taking 38,000 gallons from the Dalais would deprive the stream of 016 horse power, the calculation having to be made npon the supposition that the fall at the Mill where the water is used for power purpose is 20ft. The intake from the Dalais brook will be immediately above the Briokyard cottage, and for economical reasons will be effected by means of a catcbpit and leaping weir, an appliance for causing turbid and impure waters to be automatically rejected. The deficiency will be made up when the stream diminishes in flow. This means that immediately a flood baa subsided a much greater amount than the average daily need will have to be taken to compensatefor theloessustained through having to reject flushings of the stream. As this is taken automitically with the fall of the brook, and consequently upon occasions when the flow is ample it will have no effect upon its power purposes. The water will be conveyed by means of a 4 inch pipe to settling or decantation reservoirs placed on the land by the Paper Mill already in your possession. These reservoirs will be three in number, each containing three days' supply and will be constructed of concrete walls and floors. There aggregate size is 75 x 75 x 10. Subsequent to decantation the water will be further purified by slow sand filtration. The filters will be four in number, giving a gross area of 845 super, ft., and will be constructed of concrete, each being 18 ft. long, 12 ft. wide, and K ft. deep. After filtration the water will be stored in a clear water covered reservoir, circular in form, and holding gO,000 gallons. Td this reservoir the present town mains will be con- nected by a new 5 inch C-l maiD, provided with Ore hydrants at various points-. The I)ee;oul. Llangwathan tank will be con- nected direct to the new main, aa well as to the filters, but ander ordinary conditions, the water from this direction will not be filtered. Mr Smith estimated that the works, which be said he had briefly described, would cost XI,803, made up as follows -five-inch main to town X950, four-inch main to reservoirs £ 280, reservoirs and, filters 957o, maintenance £ 30 per annum. The scheme, bo added, has been prepared with all possible cara and consideration from the particulars that can be obtained without incurring any appreciable expense. I As affecting your Council, the details must not be accepted ag definite, but so far as the millers and riparian owners are concerned, the pcheme oan be said to be complete, as the quantity of water taken and the method in which it will be effected, will not be changed by any alterations that the result of further investigation may demand or allow. Before a complete economical scheme can be designed it will ba necessary to make an exten- sive survey of the Dolaia from the intake to its soarcee, obtain levels and have at least 12 chemical analyses aud at least one bacterio- logical examination of the water made. Until the consent to take the water is ob- tained, this expense is obviously not jastified, and so, until this information is forthcoming, I have prepared a scheme which I know will be sufficient to meet the requirements of the very worst conditions that such investigations can reveal. If the results prove to be what I anticipate, if the Dalais Brook is as far as the possibility of human contagion is concerned, rendered un- impeachable, then the llleanR of purification need not be so expensive as allowed for in the estimate. In fact, to pass such waters as one would expect to find in a stream sach as the one under consideration, so protected from its source end with so much co3t, through filter beds for the sake of minimising the risk of polation is fairly comparable to gilding a lily. It i* possible, however, that the water may have to be treated with lime or chalk in order to reduce its action on lead pipes and cisterns, and however good it may be, the decaiitation reservoirs will be necessary to deal with sudden freshets and during the rainy season, but those can possibly be reduced somewhat in capacity and consequently cost. Another way in wh:ob a saving cf nearly £ 200 can ba made is by requiring the owners of the cottages immediately above the reservoirs to so have their premigss attended to that no risk of polntion exists, in which case the intake could be made quite cair to the works instead of having to carry the water for a distance of I about 2,400 ft. to avoid the pollution of two I cottages. The Chairman complimented the Surveyor on his scheme and it was resolved that « consideration of it be left to the annual meeting I
AUCTIONEERS & ESTATE AGENTS. Particulars and conditions of sale, posters, catalogues (with plans and illustrations), I tenancy agreements, &3., at tha "Brecon County Times" Office, where specimens of high. class work may be seen. |
LLANDEFAELOG CHORCHI CRASH
LLANDEFAELOG CHORCH I CRASH. Providential Change of Quarters. An alarming accident occured at the Parish Church of Llandefaelog, about three miles from Brecon, on Good Friday. It has been the castom at the church for some years to bold the children's service in the bellfry chamber, bat on Good Friday afternoon it Was decided, by a mere accident, to hold it in the main building. The Rector (the Rev D. H. Francis), a number of adults, and a good number of children assembled. The service had been in progress about half an hour when a loud crash rang through the church causing great alarm amongst the congregation. The rector at once stopped the service, and upon investigation it was found that the ceiling of the bellfry chamber had fallen, as well as a quantity of stones and a beam. It is regarded as an act of providenoe that the service was held in the main body of the church that afternoon, other- wise there would have been a catastophe, involving serious loss of life.
FOOTBALL. Brecon Sports Club Y. 1st Batt. S.W.B. Band. This match was played before a large "gate" on Monday afternoon on the Sports Club ground in. fine weather. Neither side was at fall strength, but the Band eleven included several of the battalion's regular players. The teams, in charge of Coloor-sergeant Spooner, turned out as follows:— let Batt. S.W.B. Band—Dwane Shirwood and Smith Gurney, Lewis and Gibbs; Taylor, Bailey, Basbam, Perkett and Mo Carthy. Sports Clob-Percy Winstone Vaughan and Seymour Rees; F. Phillips, Lumley and Richards Brookes, J. Davies, Monty Green, Res. Phillips and Walters. The Baud took advantage of the slight wind bat they failed to get going, the Sportsmen becoming dangerous at aa early stage. Shir- wood checked a ran by Reg. Phillips, but Lumley returned well in. Smith relieved the pressure and Taylor got going at high speed on the right, only to find Seymoor Rees on the warpath. The Sportsmen again brought play to the Regiment's goal area and experienced bard lack several timgs in failing to score. As the result of a good piece of work between D3vies and Brookes the latter sprinted up nicely and sent ia a perfect centre. There was a melee jast outside the penalty area, and Green touched the ball over Smith's head. Dwane ran out to save, but Reg. Phillips got tbera first and just nipped the ball over his bead into the net. Shortly afterwards the Sportsmen again became dangerous, and after pressing for some time Reg. Phillips agail netted. The score was unaltered at laalf- i time. Oa reauwiiic,' the Military men set up & fast pace, McCarthy and Taylor being prominent and giving no little trouble to the home defence. Percy Winstone effeoted some good clearances. From a free kick awarded jnst outside the penalty area, Green augmented the homesters' score, and a little later, as the result of good work by Reg. Phillips, J Davies scored with a See shot. McCarthy strove bard to get going on the left wing, only to find Richards a good spoiler. Brookes made some splendid individual efforts, but he was closely marked by Gibbs and Smith. On one occasion, however, he managed to get a shot in from the corner flag, which curled beautifully ioto the net, but the whistle had just gone for off-side. Green scored a fifth goal from a pass by Davic,,s, but a little later bo missed a nenaltv kick. Final Brecon Sports Club 5 I 1st Battalion S.W.B 0 > I
Brecon Juniors v Saturdays
Brecon Juniors v. Saturdays. Played on Easter Monday, on tho Depot ground, and resulted in a diaw of one goal each.
Builth Road v Talgarth
Builth Road v. Talgarth. Played at Builth Road on Saturday before a fair gate." The visitors had an unrepresen- tative side. The homesters won the toss and played up the slope and at once assumed the aggressive, A. Rees scoring from a scrummage in front of goal. Immediately after the re- sumption Williams headed through from a centre by Graham. Talgarth then pressed and Barnot scored with a splendid shot. A few minutes later the visitors drew level. The homesters again took up the attack and Williams again scored from a well placed corner. Walter Williams also scored from a penalty given for a foul on Rees. Soon after half-time was called with the score Builth Road 5 goals. Talgarth. 2 it In the second half the homesters had matters piatically all their own way. Six goals were added the scorers being Williams four, Rees D,tvies one, and A. Rees one. Final score:— Builth Road 11 gcals. Talgarth 2 „ The referee was Mr C. Wilson, Rhayader.
Gelligaer Hunt. Mr Davil Jones, \^ellfield, Dowlais, has after holding the post for over sixteen years, resigned the position of master of the Gelligaer Hunt, and Mr C B James, solicitor, Wernlas, Merthyr, has been elected his successor.
LADIES Should WRITE TO-DAY enclosing Id. stamp lor \ALUABL £ •; noOKLEP. TKSTtMOXULS aiul VHKK s\MPLJ3 of BLANGHARP3 PIUS T^eynrp unrivalled for all Irregularities, \-c and ifford relief and never fail to alleviate all suffering^ Tli»v sup cde Pennyroyal, Pil Oochia, Bitter Apple, "JLANCHARD'S are the bsstof all Pills for W omsit." .1.1 in 1 1.1 by all Chemists, orpost free, same price, from IESLli MARTYN, LTD. CHEMISTS, 34, DAISTON LANE, 10SDPN
SCIENCE NOTES AND NEWS i
SCIENCE NOTES AND NEWS." i BIRD MUSCLES AND AERONAUTICS. A French investigator of bird flight has made a study of the muscle and heart de- velopment of birds in relation to total weight; or, in terms of aviation, the relation of the motor equipment of birds to their weight. It is interesting to note the extent of difference in the proportional weight of the muscl* s and heart of the two types of birds. The v ectori I or breast muscles of the night hawk, which is a planing bird. comprise 10 5 p<'r ccr.t. of the total weight, and the heart '07 per- cent., while for the type of birds that fly by flapping the wings, such, for instance, as the common domestic fowl's, grouse, quail, and tlw like, tlj,, corresponding figures are ;¡; per cent. and 1'34 per cent, respectively. BALLOONS FOR STUDY OF UPlMvIT, AIR. Balloon soundings of the air liigb above the earth were u^ed' in Southern California. by a party of experts of the United Stale-- Weather Bureau and the Smithsonian Insti- t,ution in trying to discover the cause of the mild. fair weather in that region. By end- ing instruments carried by balloon.s into the upper air beyond the influence of mountains and local disturbances, they found- that the, temperature of the air fifteen miles above the ground in Southern California is 85(1-,g. F. below zero. The method followed in their finst experiment consisted in sending up 12ft. balloons fastened together. In a. basket carried by the pair of balloons were instru- ments for registering variations in humidity, pressure, and temperature, and recording them on an aluminium cylinder blackened with camphor smoke. As the balloons ascended into the lighter air, they gradually expanded to 20f[. in diameter. When one ^)f them bur-st, the other descended, bringing the instruments back to the earth. EFFECT OF ELECTRICITY ON THE BODY. Investigations into the effect of electric cur- rents on the human body indicate that direct currents contra-et the vessels a-nd increase blood pressure, while alternating currents dilate the vessels and the blood pressure is consequently reduced. Currents with volt- ages over 200 are dangerous and those over 500 usually fatal. The resistance between two points in the human body varies largely, from 16,000 to 80,000 ohms being observed. The skin alone is responsible for the far larger part of this resistance, or from 15.000 to 79,000 ohims. The intensity of the current passing through the human body is, of course, dependent upon the amount auul form of con- tact, and whether the skin be moist or dry. In the former case the skin resistance is practically eliminated. When the frequency of an alternating current reaches 150 periods a seeo,nod the heart action stops immediately. The fluids of the body expand, exerting pressure on the nerve centres in some cases. and in a.n accident of this kind the head of the shocked person should be raised, as otherwise the pressure on the brain would further in- crease. The heat generated in the body by the passage of the current is not inconsider- able, after-death temperatures of lndeg. F. and more having been observed. MDaDER BY NICOTINE. Nicotine," says Mr. H. Stanley Rcdgrove in Knowledge, is an excessively violent poison, its action in the pure state being at least as rapid as that of prussic acid." More- over, no certain antidote is known. He men- tions six ilailligrammes as probably a fatal dose for an adult not used to tobacco. -Air. Redgrove adds: "There are very few cases on record of poisoning by means of pure nico- tine, though one of the few is of historical ini- portance—namely, the murder of M. Fou- garles by Count Bocarme and his wife. This is the first case on record of a pure alkaloid being employed to effect murder. Bocarme, indeed, had specially taken up the study of chemistry in order to prepare the alkaloid himself. But. as the Blvths remark, The wickedness and cruelty of the crime were only equalled by the clumsy and unskilful manner of its perpetration.' Cases of poison- ing, both accidental and criminal, by means of tobacco are more numerous, especially the former. Many have occurred through the use of clysters prepared from tobacco, and through external applications of the herb in the form of a poultice, as well as eases in which the poison has been taken through the mouth." On the other hand, Mr. Redgrove admits that, though there can be no question but that the immoderate use of tobacco is highly injurious, the testimony of most mode- rate smokers is to the effect that such exces- sively small doses of nicotine as they thereby imbibe are beneficial to the nervous system, and it is a fact beyond dispute that smoking has proved of very great benefit in cases of neurasthenia and insomnia, where other alleged remedies linye shown themselves to be useless. • QUEER FACTS ABOUT LIGHT. The light that we receive from stars o! the first magnitude, like "Vega, is equal approxi- mately to a forty-thousand-millionth part of that of the sun. It is calculated that the total light received from the lesser stars is equal to that of 3,000 stars of the first magnitude, or a sixth part of that which is se;)t to us from t the moon. Light exercises a mechanical pres- sure which can be measured in the laboratory. It has been shown by experiments with artifi- cial light that in its production enormous quantities of energy are dissipated. In an ordinary wax tiindle the total energy which is transformed into light is really out tuo per cent. Gas and kerosene lamps are not more economical. On the other hawL the glowworm transforms into light. (by means yet, unknown) 90 per cent, of the total energy ex- pended. It is known that light influences very largely the aroma of flowers. A garden is more fragrant when it is shaded than when the sun is allowed to shine in full blaze upon it. This, at any rate, ithe conclusion of a Frenchman who made a. vast number of expe- timents. That which affects the fragrance of flowers is not the oxygen of the atmosphere, as has been commonly supposed, but the light. According to the same authority, the intensity of the perfume exhaled by a flower depends upon the pressure of water in the cells of the plant, which tends, to throw out the-essential oils that produce the od'our, a.nd tjie action of the solar light diminishes the pressure of the watei* in these cells. The irrigation, of the plant augments the pressure, and likewise, of coarse, the production of perfume. During the night the air is charged with aroma merely because the solar light does not exer- cise an inhibiting influence on the emanatioas. -t- DO CATERPILLARS THINK? Do caterpillars think? Mr.. Fred Enoek, lecturing to an audience of children at the London Institution, said that, after fifty years of "grubbing," he had come to the con- clusion that caterpillars really seemed to have a conscious knowledge of their own marking and coloration. They had a good deal more sense than most people gave them credit for. and he did not see how people who studied them could, arrive at any other opinion th-in that which he had stated. These remarks were prompted by a study of the ability of the familiar little insects to conceal themselves from their natural .enemies the birds. Mr. Enock showed on the sc-ieen the picture of a dead geranium branch, on which there appeared to be nothing but withered twigs. How many caterpillars are there there?" he asked his juvenile audience. "None," answered a sceptical youngster. "Three," ventured another, greatly daring. As a matter of fact, there were eight, and even Mr. Enoc-k had to be careful, in. pointing them out, not to confuse twig with cater- pillar. so close was the resemblance. There was mention of another interesting instance of self-preservation. The caterpillar which chooses a leaf under which to spin its cocoon seems to be aware of the danger of the leaf becoming (letaclied, aid falling to the ground, thus probably killing the chrysalis. So it takes the precaution of fastening the base of the leaf -tOOl the stem by means of silken threads, anti then, if the leaf becomes de- tached, it merely spins round on the silk, and the chrysalis is saved. Mi Eiiock said he had seen this donens of times, and could come to n'o conclusion but that the caterpillar was conscious of the danger of the falling leaf.
f We give you the t INFORMATION FREE t When and how to apply I I NITRATE of SODA I to your crops, fully described I in the pamphlet M How to use 1 Nitrate of Soda." Supplied gratis and post lr". ty I THE CHILEAN NITRATE COMMITTER I; 1 Friars Heura, New Broad StrMt, Lonftn,(. K I
1uun Ystalyfera Sports
1- u u_n Ystalyfera Sports. There was a fairly eood attendance on Sataif- day at tbe Ystalyfera Uuited Cycling Club sports. Awards:— Boys' walking race Tom Jones, Ystalyfera. One mile novice cycle handicap: 1, T Williams. Tonvpandy 2, C Price, Abercrave. 330 yards open fiatbandicap: 1, W U Cbanning, Ystalyfera; 2, LI Daniels, Pontsrdawe. 100 yards fiat handicap W R Chancing Ystalyfera; 2, D R Richards, Swansea. Quarter-mile scratch club cycle championship* 1, E C Newman, Penygraig; 2, C Lawrence, Ystradgynlais. 1,000 yards scratch obstacle race (open) lt Jehn Creswell, Ystradgynlais; 2, W L Connildlt Colbren. Half-mile open scratch cycle race 1, E 0 Newman, Penygraig 2, D James, Tonypandy. One mile cyc!e handicap 1, B Grist, Tony- pandy 2, C Lawrence, Ystradgynlais.
Lock Tea and Competitive Meeting
Lock Tea and Competitive Meeting The annnal tea and competitive meetings in connection with the Lock Wesleyan Chapel were held on Good Friday, when a fair nacooee attended. Those who presided at the tea tables and assisted were:—Mrs Williams and Mrs Price, Chapel House, Mrs James, Groess- ffordd, Mrs Strangeward, Llecbfaec, Mrot and Mies Powellj. Brecon, Miss Powell, Groeeffordd, Mra Lloyd, Lock Honse, Miss Williams, Fern- dale, Miss Jones, GroesSordd, and Messta James, Price, Williams, and Powell. The evening meeting commenced at 7. It was presided over by Mr Evan Morgan, Millbrook Mill, and was very successful. The following were winners:- Solo (children onder 10).—1, Hermann Lewis, 2, Willie Price. The chairman gave a prise to each of the other competitors. Recitation (ander 10).-Only one competitor, who was worthy of the prize 1, Gwladys Prosser, Gellygelogus. Solo (for girls nnder 15).-1 & 2, dmdect between Dorothy Davies, Lhchfeen and Lilian Jenkins, Brecon. Solo (for boys nnder 15).-1, Willie Price, Llanfryuacb 2, Freddie 'iaogbac, Llatifrynaeb. Soprano solo.-I. Miss Piotbero, Llecbfaen. D..t.-I, Joy Robinson and Miriam Bate, Brecon. Recitation (children uncler 15).—1, Edna. Williams, Brynich Farm. Prize bags.-I, Mies Davies, Sr. John's road, Brecon; 2 (given by the adjadioator), Mies Jones, Groeeffordd. Impromptu speech, subject, Spring Clean- iOIl.I, M Evans, Llecbfaen. The adjudicators were:-Music, Mr Evan Evans, Brecon literary, the Rev Gwyn Thomas prize bags, Mrs Evan Morgan. The secretarial duties were admirably carrioJ out by Mr W Powell, Free street, Brecon, and Mr Reginald Price, Lock Honse. At the close of the meeting Mr W Powell, Brecon, proposed a hearty vois of ihttuUo to alt those who bad contributed to the sncoess of the gathering. The accompanist was Mrs Bate, Brecon.
INews and Notes from Trecastid
News and Notes from Trecastid. (BY Novua HOMO). It was inadvertently stated by a correspon- dent in last week's paper that the number of candidates from Lly wel and Rhydybriw confir- mation, beld at Llywe! Churb, was 12, it shoald be 13. With 15 from LlandiloMau and Ltao- fihangel-Nantbran, four from Devynock ae(I two from Cray, the the total was 84. One is sorry to bear of the 15erioae indis- position of Mrs EUeo Evans, of Cwintydfar, Traianglas. She is under tbe earo of Dr. W R Jones, Bronwysk, Sennybiidge. At Hereford Ball Sbow last week, amongst 60 entries in the open class of balia, an exhioit by Mr J H Price, Abercray, was plaosd sistb in order of merit and was afterwards privately sold for a very large sum of raoney. Daring the last week tboasanda of sheep have passed through this place from Cardigan- shire, having been wintering in that oonnty aa Banal. On the whole they had done well in their winter quarters and were looking in the tiink of condition and health. Sheep driving in wet weather over a long distance is hard, tedious work, bat after all, the irovera enjoy this yenrly oDtjn; to Cardigan, and many a humerons inoid?nl is related on their retarc. One local farmer bad about 200 sheep in one lot nnder hia care. Jofortnnately ho lost two on bis way, and on passing through Llandovery he reported tbe matter to the Kergcant of police there. I knaw not whether be reported them as lost or stolen, bat at any rate, each lot of sheep that followed was carefully examined and inspected. One YGuug man frcm the locality possessing a rich bass voice, whilst returning from Cardigan with sheep, fell amongst bsery com- pany and was asked to Bing. After a good deal of chaffing, he sang a Welsb song, but being rather hoarse through shooting to the sheep and dogs, be was not in the beat of form. The attention of a passer by was drawn by what appeared to be an unearthly and na- mueical voice, aad be passed the remark to bin friends "Whoever constructed that gramo- phone bad no far for music." TIe little < that be was criticising a prominent person in a choir not far from Trsca^tle.
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