Teitl Casgliad: Merthyr Pioneer
Sefydliad: Llyfrgell Genedlaethol Cymru
Hawliau: Nid yw statws neu berchnogaeth hawlfraint yr adnodd hwn yn hysbys.
Read < WIRELESS WHISPERS ON PAGE 4. A Column which will Interest you.
Read WIRELESS WHISPERS ON PAGE 4. A"Column which will Interest you.
My Weekly Budget
My Weekly Budget. By J. Keir Hardier M.P. THE DOVE OF PEACE. I They've shot the feathers off him, They've busted both his wings, They've closed one eye and he is shy An awful lot of things. If he should hop up to you, You'd run and yell police He looks so grim, and yet it's him- The same old Dove of Peace. His face is lined with anguish, His form is lank and lean; The only food he's lately chewed Is nitro-glycerine. He's lost his mild expression, He's lost his gentle coo, To state the fact in terms exact He's pretty nearly through I —" New York American." < < < Desperate efforts are being made to make it appear that the Socialist Party of Italy favours that country declaring war against Germany. For a time Bissolati, whose time serving policy has long ago put him out of toueh with his party, had the ear of the War Press, and spoke as though his own personal opinions represented the opinions of the party as a whole. So far was this carried that a special meeting of the party was called, and a manifesto issued. As given in last week's Labour Leader," the document reads, in part, as follows :— The manifesto opens by ex- pressing the aversion of Social- isls to war, and proceeds to em- phasise the reasons why Italy should not participate in the conflict. It is pointed out that Italy is now the only large Euro- pean Power remaining neutral, and that this position gives her an opportunity to act as mediator between the belligerent nations and to secure the accept- ance of principles which will guarantee the future peace of Europe—compulsory arbitration, the limitation of armaments, and the self-government of small peoples and the right to choose by plebiscite with which Power they will associate. The mani-I festo concludes by eloquently ap- I pealing to all workers not to be misled by the agitation in favour of the war. Previous to the pub- lication of this manifesto, the Executive had deiltared its in- tention of attempting to call to- gether an International Socialist Conference, when a suitable op- portunity arose, to consider means of promoting peace. It is true that Dr. Sudellum, of the German party, spent some time amongst the Italian Socialists try- ing tfo get them to declare for Ger- many, but the party, as set forth above, declined to be moved from its attitude of neutrality < The Times, in a leading article commenting on Mr. Asquith's speech at Cardiff-a speech, by the way, worthy of a not too scrupulous lawyer putting his case before a not tjoo well-in- formed jury-made a reference to the attitude of Germany to Eng- land during the Boer War. The inference was that the German Kaiser wanted them to sttrike a blow at England whislt our for- tunes were at a low ebb in South Africa. This statement has been made and denied many times over, the German version being that* France and Russia invited Ger- many to join in such a plot, but the Kaiser put down his foot and would not allow it, and so the thing fell through. On September 16 the Cologne Gazette" re- ferred to the matter in these terms: The Boers expected our friend- liness and were resentful against us when their foremost States- man, on coming to Germany, was not received by the Em- peror, though he had been warned in advance that he was asking something that was im- possible, and had been given a hint to avoid Berlin. England resented our attitude at the be- ginning of the war, though latter we were the Power that dissolved the Franco-Russian coalition against England Owing to our refusal to join the attack planned against England which was then so grievously embarrassed, came to nothing. That is a frank open statementf which the Times reproduced a week later, without any attempt at a refutation. We may be sure that if it could have been ex- ploded it would ere now have been blown sky-high. But the insinua- tion that the Kaiser has always been the enemy of England must be kept up", even though the truth be sacrificed. w Mr. Asquith declared We still here, old-fashioned people as we are, believe in the sanctity of treaties, that the weak have rights, and that the strong have duties, that small nationalities have every bit as good a title as large ones to life and in- dependence, and that freedom for its own sake is as well wodth fight- ing for to-day as ever it was in the past." These are noble words. But will Mr. Asquith apply them to Persia, where Russia, our ally in the treaty applicable to that sorely stricken nation, has violated and is violating every 'JUC: of. Mr. Asquith's beatitudes with a de- gree of outrage, brutality and t'otal disregard for every principle of humanity ? If not, whv not? And Morooco, twice during the past few years we have been on the point of sending our Army to sup- port France when war was threatened between that country and Germany over Morocco. That is not aiding the Moors to retain their sacred rights. And Egypt; there is not anywhere a worse re- cord of broken faith towards a nation, nor a worse suppression of successful nationalism than our re- cord towards that country. Time enough to pose as the friend of op- posed nationalities when we have cleansed our own records. I desire as much as any man living to pre- serve the rights of small nation- alities, but were Belgium as far away from our shores as Luxem- burg, of which we scarce hear a word, though it is under exactly the same treaty protection as Bel- gium, and did not our capitalist interests heed Belgian inde- pendance as an excuse to appear to jusrify our going to war with Germany, we should have heard as little about the rights of Belgium as we have about the rights of Persia. If our ruling class want to fight Germany let them do so straightforwardly and not behind a veil, which for them has no reality. However much it mav succeed in binding the nation to the true inwardness of the war. w The Central News announces that the International Socialist League has been crushed out of existence." This is another case in which the deceased is able to read its own biography. I may, as a matter of fact say that com- munications are now in progress among the Socialist parties of several countries with a view to organising a congress somewhere on neutral territory as soon as pos- sible. But any attempts at saying when or where or forecasts of the programme to be discussed are pre- mature. The terms of peace by the same people as gave us the war. But it is necessary that the Socialists of Europe and America should be in touch with each other not only for mutual comradeship but also to make suggestions for a basis of abiding peace to be striven for after the Allies have settled on their own sordid terms.
Michaelmas Quarter Sessions
Michaelmas. Quarter Sessions. WAR AND THE LAW MERTHYR WELCOMES NEW RECORDER. Mr. Ivor Bo wen, K.C., the new Recorder for Merthyr, took his seat for the first time at the Town Hall, Merthyr, on Thursday, when the Michaelmas Quarter Sessions were held. He was duly sworn in by Mr. Aneuryn Rees, the Town Clerk. The Mayor (Mr. H. M. Lloyd), who appeared in his robes of office, offered a hearty welcome to the new Recorder. His Worship ex- pressed regret on behalf of the townspeople at the resignation of Sir David Brynmor Jones, the late Recorder, to whose judicial ability and common-sense, as well as per- sonal qualities, he paid a tribute. They felt confident that in Mr. Bowen they had a worthy succes- sor, and one whose honourable career at the Bar they had followed with interest. His Worship was pleased to be able to say that the calander was a light one, and he trusted that during Mr. Bowen's Recordership crime would de- crease. A further tribute and warm con- gratualtion was offered by Mr. P. Evans, on behalf of the members of the Bar. WAR AND LAW. I Mr. Bowen, in responding, ex- pressed gratification for personal reasons that he had been chosen to follow his old friend and colleague in the Re- cordership of such an important county borough as Merthyr Tydfil. Sir David Brynmor Jones had set up a high standard for his successors. He en- tered upon his office in troub- lous and stirring times, when his- tory was being rapidly made, and in a startling fashion. By a united nation we were commencing, he thought, the greatest struggle for freedom which this country had ever been engaged in. But in the meantime, we hadSHo administer our laws in peaceful and regular fashion. We had to carrying on our national business, and we must do it whatever was going on out- side the court. There was a fine old classical saying of great antiquity to the effect that laws are silent] during a war. Inter alma silent leges." But our laws in this great country, of which England and Wales was a part, were never silent. WHAT MIGHT HAVE I HAPPENED HERE. They never would be so long as each person did his duty o his country. There were towns and cities similar in importance and sizez to Merthyr Tydfil in Belgium and France which are now lying their inhabitants murdered, their homes ravaged, blackened and destroyed; women violated, and innocent children slain or starved by an enemy which had set the laws of war at defiance and were seeking to re- place Christianity by what they called culture. It was due to a matter of mere geographical posi- tion that we owed our safety. "You Mr. Mayor," he continued, and your civic colleagues, your minis- ministers of religion might, but for geographical position, be held as hostages, your Parliamentary re- presentatives might have been hanged, and other consequences might have followed in this war, but for the sure and safe of our great Navy and the bravery of our Army. CRIME ON THE DECREASE. CHIEF CONSTABLE'S GRATI- FYING REPORT. In his charge to the Grand Jury, of which Mr. Purchase was fore- man, the learned Recorder said he had read the records of the Chief Constable, which showed that dur- ing the quarter ended September 30 the number of persons dealt with at the police court was 449, as com- pared with 569 in the correspond- ing quarter of last year, a reduc- tion of 120. So far as indictable Quarter Sessions and Assizes, the figures were 54, as compared with 62. This was highly satisfactory, offences, those dealt with at and reflected great credit upon the vigilance of the police, under the excellent supervision of their chief, and also reflected well on the people of the district. It was also rather pleasing to find that the Chief Constable attributed the de- crease in crime to patriotism, and the fact that there was no lack of employment at the local collieries, with which he agreed. It was also gratifying to find that the war was not having the effect upon this country that the enemy thought- or rather hoped-it would. THE CALENDER. I INCORRIGIBLE ROGUES. I Jane Davies (53), charged with being an incorrigible rogue, came up for sentence. The Chief Constable put in a list of convictions. The Recorder said he had received a report from the Medical Officer of Health of the Swansea Prison, which showed that she was in a very dangerous state, and liable to die at any moment. Under those circum- stances he would pass sentence of only one day's imprisonment. which really meant her immediate discharge, and she would be con- ceyed to the Infirmary at once. A DANGEROUS WOMAN. I M'ay T. Jones (28), was also brought up for sentence as an in- corrigible rogue and a menace to the district. She was respectably connected, and had brought dis- grace on a good family ,having Ie. a bad life and associated with the lowest characters in the town for the last ten years. She was sent to hard labour for six months. PROSECUTOR AT THE FRONT I William Wellings (55), timber- man, Merthyr Vale, surrendered to his bail, to answer a charge of un- lawfully and malicious wounding his step-son-in-iaw, James Ed- wards, a Femdale Collier, at Mer- thyr Vale, on July 12. Mr. J. A. Lovat Fraser, who pro- secuted, explained that the prose- cutor had gone to the front, and under these circumstances the charge was withdrawn. RECORDER'S LENIENCY. I Wm. Power (24), a coster, was charged with doing wilful damage to a plate-glass window, value £ j, the property of John Gordon, on July 28 ,at Merthyr. Mr. W. C. Howe prosecuted, and at the request of the Recorder Mr. D. Thomas defended. Evidence was given that prisoner deliberately threw a stone througn the window of the shop. For the defence it was submitted that, while in a drunken sleep on the pavement, he was annoyed by two young girl assistants throwing water over him. He was found guilty. Exercising his power under the Act, the Recorder, saying he did not wish to send the prisoner to goal, imposed a fine of £ 2, and allowed a month for payment. In default he was sentenced to two months' imprisonment. I DOWLAIS WOUNDING I CHARGE. I Richard McNamare (23), a powerful Irish labourer, was charged with unlawfully and mali- ciously causing grievous bodily harm to Emilio Garciaa Spanish fitter, at Dowlais, on July 18. Mr. Lovat Fraser prosecuted, and at the request of the Recorder, Mr. M. Howell defended. The evi- dence was to the effect that there was a row between the parties out- side a fried-fish bar at Dowlais, and it was alleged that prisoner struck the Spaniard in the eye, Dr. McClennan saying that prosecutor's sight had been impaired. McMamara, in the witness-box, said he only acted in self-defence. The jury reduced the charge to one of common assault, and, in binding prisoner over in £10 to come up for judgment if called upon, the Re- corder remarked, You may take that fist to Belgium and do your duty for your country. Prisoner Right, sir, thank you AN ACCIDENT. Rosalinda Hier (35), married, of Dowlais, was charged with wound- ing Catherine Lamb, single, by stabbing herwith a table knife. For the prosecution, it was alleged that Mrs. Hier abused Miss Lamb, and on her turning to ask the reason, cut her over the eve with the knife. Mrs. Hier, who prosecuted by Mr. A. C. Thomas, said that at best her story was that she struck not knowing the knife was in her hand. The Recorder commented on the fairness of prosecuting counsel and said the knife at best was dan- gerous. The jury fpund prisoner not guilty, and she was discharged. A LUCKY MAN You are a lucky man," ab- served the Recorder to Jeremiah Lynch when the jury found him not guilty. He was charged with wounding his wife by striking her on the forehead with a poker. Prosecutor said he asked for money," and later committed the alleged offence. Prisoner said he was in bed at the time, and Dr. King said the injury might have been caused if the woman had fallen on the poker or a similar instrument. Prosecu- tor was drunk when she came to the surgery, whereas Inspector Roberts said prisoner was sober when arrested.
Bedpan Refugees are Coming
Bedpan Refugees are Coming. FORTY TO ARRIVE ON I TUESDAY. Cardiff has given a hearty wel- come to a large number of the Bel- gian refugees. It is now Merthyr's turn to prove her sympathy by extending a real Welsh welcome to the 40 refugees who are expected to arrive on Tuesday. A public meeting will be held at the Town Hall on Monday, when arrangements for receiving and maintaining the visitors will be made. Meanwhile Merthyr citizens are requested to send all the gar- gents which they can spare to the Mayor at the Y.M.C.A. Money donations are also urgently needed and the Mayor will be pleased to receive the same as soon as possi- ble Amongst the articles needed are —Bedsteads, bedding, chairs, ta- bles, couches, spoons, cruet stands, pans, kettles, etc.
Prince of Wales Fund
Prince of Wales Fund. LOCAL ANOMALIES. DEPUTATION TO THE WAR OFFICE. Mr. Keir Hardie, MP., and Mr. Edgar Jones, M.P., met his Wor- ship the Mayor and members 01 the Prince of Wales' Relief Fund Local Executive at the Town Hall on Thursday. The meeting, which was by appointment, was a private one, for the purpose of discussing certain anomalies in the distribu- tion of the fund. It was finally decided that Mr. Hardie Mr. Jones and others should wait upon the War Office and endeavour to se- cure certain improvements.
Merthyr District Colliery i Examineri
Merthyr District Colliery i Exa-mi-ner. RESULT OF SECOND BALLOT The voting in the second ballot [ for the appointment of colliery examiner for the Merthyr District of Miners was as follows:—Lewis Morgan Jones, collier, 1,289; Wm. Evans, repairer, 614; Chas. Leon- i ard, repairer, 442; Dai Parry, col- lier, 291; David Williams, collier, 203.
i I Graig Pit StoppageJ
i I Graig Pit Stoppage. J I TEMPORARY ARRANGE- MENTS FOR RESUMPTION, A deputation of the Hills Ply- mouth Workman, headed by Mr. John Williams (district agent) and Mr. E. Gill (Executive member) waited upon the management of the colliery during the week, and a temporary arrangement was come to by which efforts will be made to find places for as many of the men as is possible at the other col- lieries of the company. The re- mainder still out were to work night, and Mr. Williams informed our representative on Thursday night that they had already started work that night It was agreed that the night men should be given the preference of working day as soon as the places opened out at the other collieries. The matter had been reported to the South Wales Miners' Federa- tion's Executive at Cardiff, and Mr. Gill, of Abertillery, was sent up to investigate. [We have been informed from a reliable source that our allusion in last week's issue of the PIONEER to a member of the cloth as being responsible for the failure of the company to renew the lease on satisfactory terms was made under a misapprehension, and that the person who endeavoured to drive a somewhat hard bargain was not a parson," bur a layman.—. Editor. ]
Dirty Local Houses
Dirty Local Houses. I OV-XEHS: OR TENANTS' \ULT- 4 TWO TENANTS TO BE PRO- SECUTED. (a) Premises in a very dirty condition, including living and bedrooms, also yard at rear; (b) w.c. drain choked, pan broken and pavement defective." This was Sanitary Inspector Jen- kins' report regarding the state of a house in Caeracca, and was ty- pical of several others mentioned in the report. Commenting on the report at the Health Committee meeting on Wednesday, Coun. D W. Jones said that the law gave them the right of proceeding against the tenants as well as the owners' of such houses. He thought that if the Committee took proceedings in a few cases, that there would prob- ably be a great improvement very soon. Coun. Dan Thomas said the difficulty was to fix the onus for the condition of the house on the tenant or the owner. Coun, H. M. Lloyd, Mayor, who presided, said they would first of all have to give legal not- ice. He quite agreed with the re- marks of Coun. Jones that pro- ceedings against certain jjervms might prove beneficial, but at the same time the difficulty was to prove the offence against particu- lar individuals. Coun. Harpur said he under- stood that they could summon the tenant of any house which was in a dirty condition. Coun. D. W. Jones: Well, I move that we summon these two particular tenants after due legal notice has been given. We could do a great deal for the town if we could make tenants realise that! they have responsibilities as well as owners of the houses. Coun. Ll. M. Francis remarked that a great deal of the trouble was due to the present system of tenantry, by which the tenant rarely came into contact with the landlord, but only met the person who collected the rent. It was quite different regarding the Coun- cil Houses, where the tenant saw the Council representative and could lay complaints about any defects in the houses. It would be better if the Corporation built more houses Coun. D. W. Jones' motion was carried. i "i