Teitl Casgliad: Merthyr Pioneer
Sefydliad: Llyfrgell Genedlaethol Cymru
Hawliau: Nid yw statws neu berchnogaeth hawlfraint yr adnodd hwn yn hysbys.
Read WAR NOTES on Page 3. Interesting and Informative.
Read WAR NOTES on Page 3. Interestlngl and Informative.
i My Weekly Budget
My Weekly Budget. By J. Keir Hardie, M.P. TO LABOUR. You know tlieiii-tliese your masters— who bellow their calls to war; In aonied peace they have taught you what they are striving for And now, when their word comes thril- ling for Labour to kill-and die, Do you laugh to their startled fact's ? Do you scoff at their frenzied cry r You leap to the Mashing trappings, and the bugles' crashing breath, To the guns and the long-tongued cannon, sowing their seed of death. Death crawls in the poisoned rations. and drips from the armoured skies, As brothers murder brothers for the golden and bloody prize. An end will come to the slaughter; the flames and the hates will cease Silence and desolation, and a shattered and gutted peace. 35ou wifl lamp back to your labour. bent and blinded and maimed'. To pick up the scattered fragments. sorrowful and ashamed. Rouse from this mad obedience Is this to be all your lot- Ever a. dupe and a cringer. starved and cheated and shot ? If you must fight. let your master taste your hot and stabbing fire; Then at last the labourer will be wor- thy—and win!—his hire! —Clement Wood, in the New York Call." And there were in the same coun- try shepherds, abiding in the field, keeping watch over their flock by night. And l& tr 1 if the Lord t-tiiii,- upon the.?: and%ie glo- ry of the hard shone round about them. And they were sore afraid. And the Angel said unto them- FEAR NOT, For, behold, I bring yon good tidings of great joy, which shall be t9 all people. For unto you is born this day, in the City of David, a Saviour which is Christ the Lord. And suddenly there was wUh the Angel a multitude of the heavenly host praising God and singing- GLORY TO GOD IX THE HIGHEST; AND, ON EARTH, PEACE; GOODWILL TOWARDS If EN." Such was the wonderful song of hope with which the attendant Angels welcomed the birth of the Saviour. It was more than a song of hope :it was a prophecy. It fore- told the coming of the time when the principles for which the new- born Child was to usher in, would have been accepted by the human race, and sin, suffering, and mis- cry would all have fled the earth. The people amongst whom He was born were poverty-stricken, over-taxed, oppressed, and accus- tomed to unemployment. Thev were held in subjection bv the then all-powerful Roman Empire, which had conquered and sub- dued them. They had little left of the rights of citizenship, and free- dom was to them only a name. The Roman soldier and tax gath- erer were everywhere in evidence, and their methods were both harsh and cruel. For ages these people had been forging their way to- wards freedom. 'The Old Testa- ment is a record of their increas- Ing struggles. They believed them- selves to be the chosen people of God, for the purification of the world from heathenism. From the days when Moses led them forth out of their bondage in EgYPt, to the hour when the Ea- gies of Imperial Rome swept over their defeat, life had been for them one long and almost perpetlld struggle. and almost perpetnril t When therefore the shepherds saw e Star of Hope and the wise men from the East—probably Buddhists L' from India—felt themselves drawn by some mysterious instinct to- wards the Clanger in which the Son of a carpenter was being born, they felt that the world was enter- ing upon a new era of hope. Years passed, and the child reached young manhood. He had no worldly ambitions; He did not seek to fawn upon the rich and the worldly great; He had but one aim and ambition in life-to succour the poor & free the oppressed. His teachings were frankly Commun- ist; He despised what passed as intellectual learning, and held worldly wealth n contempt. To Him, Life alone was worthy, and all the so-called intellect and mag- nificence of the time were simply barriers betwen mankind and His development into the higher realms. And so, the common people — that is to say, the poor and the needy, and they that had no help- ers—listened greedily to His mess- age. They did not understand it, but instinctively felt what it meant. So long as He was al- lowed to declare His teachings un- opposed, they mtfide Him a popu- lar hero, much to the sadness ci His own heart, for He knew how hollow it all was. When persecu- tion came to Him; they veered round to the other side, and, at the moment of crisis in Hij.>h:, v ?fc. -< ?-. h(: ;i(: '¡i,Îi'¡-: ;,g cue ptlslS, shouted for the Thief n preference to the Redeemer. At the Cross, only Mary, the Mother, and the very few faithful were there, even to mourn His death. Wise rich men, when they learned of His fate, felt comfortable, and delight- edly told each other as they sat down to their sumptuous repast. that at last another traitor had been put away for good. But a few remained faithful. Thev understood what the Com- munism of Christ meant for the world, and so they set forth to pro- claim the new Gospel; and they practised what they preached. True, much wrangling and bitter- ness were amongst them some be- came doctrinaires and bitterly as- sailed those who would not see eye to eye with them. But, still, the work went on, always amongst the poor-not only the poor, but the slaves. Christianity has been sneered at as being the religion of the slaves. That was perfectly true, and shows the world-wide pllllosophy which inspired th e j philosophy which inspired the j mind of its Founder. A superior I class can never impose a great sense of freedom and self-respect on those whom it holds in subjec- tion. And so the work was car- ried on, mainly in the ranks of the slaves and the very poor. Here and there men of learning, whose human sympathies were still alert —and we have still many such to- day—were captivated by the new ideal, and cast in their lot on its behalf. And so the movement grew aud spread until an ambitious Ruler of Rome saw fit to proemm his Conversion, and from then til1 now, a profession of the Cliristiu i religion has become more and more the accepted creed of the states- imen, warriors and rulers of fhe earth. j Therein was the rock on which the Christian religion foundered. It became a fashionable creed, without the least trace of the spirit or inspiration of its Faunder. It was identifie with the unholy spir- its of Moloch and Mammon. The better type of priest of the Middle Ages, and quite a number of those of the present day, made, and are still making, strenuous efforts to redeem Christ from the clutches of the devil; but, alas, with what slow success the social conditions of our industrial classes and the domin- ance of the War Rule of Force, gives only too abundant evidence If ever the world is won for Christ the Christians of that day will look back with amazement and wonder on nations professing to be Christ- ian, whilst murdering each other by hundreds of thousands over a cause which no one understands— if it be not ambition and which condemned 95 per cent, of the peo- ple to a life little if anything bet- ter than was that of the slaves in the year on which Christ was born. r sometimes think if the ministers of our Churches and those who profess to be workers for Christ only realised aU that is meant to the poor under our pre- sent system, they would bestir themselves to find out and remove the cause. Without any egotism, let me recall this incident from my own boyhood. The year 1866 was nearing its close. Owing to a lock-out in the ship building yards 011 the Clyde, my father had been out of work for nearly six months. The funds of the Union were so ex- hausted that the benefits were re- duced to 1/6 and 2 a week. I was the only breadwinner, being employed by a high-class baker in Lanchuhall Street, Glasgow, for 3/6 a week. My hours were from 7 a.m. to 7.30 p.m., 125 each day. I was the eldest of a family of three, and the brother next to me was down with fever, from which he never recovered, though lis life dragged on for two years there- after. As most of the neighbour- hood had children, they feared co- ming into the house because rt he rdanger of contagion, and my mother, who was very near her confinement, was in delicate health. It was the last week in the ycar. Father had been away two or three days in search of work. Towards the end of the week, having been up most of the night, I got to the shop 15 minutes late, and was told by the young lady in charge that if that occurred again, I would be punished." I made no reply. I couldn't. I felt like crying. Next morning the ^imc thing happened —I could tell why, but that is nei- ther here nor there. It was a very wet morning, and when I reached the shop I was drenched to the skin, bare-footed, and hungry. There had not even been a crust of bread in the house that morning. But that was pay day, and I was filled with hope. You are wanted upstairs by the master," said the girl behind the counter, and my heart almost stopped beat- ing Outsid the dining room door, a servant bade me wait till master had finished prayers. (He was much noted for his piety). At length the girl opened the door, and the sight of that room is fresh in my memory even as I write, nearly fifty years after. Round a great mahogany table sat the mem- bers of the family, with the fa- ther at the top. In front of him was a very wonderful looking cof- fee boiler in the great glass bowl of which the coffee was bubbling. The table was loaded with dain- ties. My master looked at me over his glasses, and said in quite a pleasant tone of voice, "Boy, this is the second morning you have been late, and my customers will lcave- me if they are kept waiting for their hot breakfast rolls. I therefore dismiss you, and to make you more careful in the fu- ture I have decided o fine you a week's wages. And now you may go. e I wanted to speak and explain about my home, and I muttered out something to explain why I was late, but the servant took me by the arm and led me downstairs. As I passed through the shop the girl in charge gave me a roll, and said a kind word. Out in the rain I wandered round the streets most of the day. I knew my mo- ther was waiting for my wages. As the afternoon was drawing to a close, I ventured home, and told her what had happened. It seemed to be the last blow. The roll was still under my vest, but soaked with the rain. That night .the baby was born, and the sun ■ ose on the 1St of January, 1867, over a home in which there was neither fire nor food, though, for- tunately, relief came before the day had reached its noon. But the memory of those early days abides with me, and makes me doubt the sincerity of those who make such pretence in their pray- ers. For such things still abound in our midst. I can only, therefore, hope that this Christmas may give fresh cou- rage and hope to those who are working for a state of society in which the, principles of the Christ- ian faith will find their embodi- ment in the life of the individual, and in the constitution of the State. That is the work for which the Socialist movemen exists. With its coming, war, industrial strife, the rule of class, and the arrogance of power will all be swept away, and Life will be lived for its own sake. and find its high- est expression in ministering to the happitjess of all.
Merthyr LodgingHouse Fracas
Merthyr Lodging-House Fracas Collins. deputy lodging- house manager. was charged at Merthyr Police Court on Friday with unlawfully wounding Thomas Scul!. a fellow-lodger, who was too ill to ap- pear. at* the Rising Sun Lodging- House. Merthyr. Defendant was rem" Ilde-d un til Tuesday". Collins again appeared before the Bench on Tuesday to answer the charge of unlawfully wounding Thos. Scully. Thomas Scully, whose head was hea- vily bandaged, said that on Tuesday night, between 10 and 11 o'clock, he Wt'nt into the kitchen of the house, and was taking off his boots to go to bed when defendant came in and said, It's time for you to go to bed, and if you don't go I'll make you go." He (witness) replied, It isn't eleven o'clock, and I'll go to bed when I am ready." After the light was turned out. defendant hit him on the head two or three times with with a small poker. W itness took the poker from defendant, who then ran away. A Mrs. Da vies got him a piece of oloth to put round his head. He then went to bed, but had t-o get up because rf the bleeding. On his way downstairs he met defendant with a fire shovel -a his hand, with which he struck at witness, who protected his head with his arm. the result being that it was cut, and he had to have four stitches in his am. Mary Da vies, another deputy at the lodging-house, said that on the night in question she had put the light out at 11 because that was bed time. There was some scuffling in the dark, and when she turned the light up again Scully was bleeding. She sent Scully to bed and Collins to the back room. About ten minutes later Scully was coming downstairs in his shirt and a slipper in his hand. Scully was "more drunk than sober." Collins also had had some drink. Dr. P. F. James said he examined the man at his surgery on Wednesday morning, between 1 and 2 o'clock. He had to stitch cuts on the back of the left forearu. There were two incised parallel wounds on the head about li inches in length. There was also a bruised wound on the front of the | forehead and another on the right temple, and an abrasion on the left side of the face P.S. Hunter said he met the prose- cutor in High Street. He was bleed- ing badly, and witness took the man to Dr. Webster's surgery, where Dr. James attended him. When charged at the police station defendant said. I took my own defence. It was i short piece of iron. Sergeant. He took it out with him." When the charge was read over by the Clerk, refendant said lie had been in the hospital for 18 months, suffering from consumption. He had taken this job because he could not wonk. This man (Scully) took advantage of him because he was ill "If there was a good man in my place, sir, he would have gone to bed at 11 o'clock," added de- fendant. Defendant was committed for trial at the Quarter Sessions.
I Merthyr Guardians and j OutRelief
I Merthyr Guardians and Out-Relief. COST OF PROVISIONS TO THE POOR. ANOTHER 5 PER CENT. INCREASE GRANTEO. ￼ Ooun. Char!es Fenwick presided at a meeting of ?he Merthyr Board o? Guaj'dian? on Saturday last. Mr. T. T. Jenkins moved: -"That. in view of the increased cost of living, ow!in
Local Mans Momentary Craze
Local Man's Momentary Craze THREW STONE THROUGH JEWEL- LERS' WINDOW. SAD STORY BY POLICE OFFICER, Edgar David Thomas, a middle-aged man, waa charged at the Merthyr Po- lice Court on Tueday with oommittang wilful damage to a plate-glass window, the property of Messrs. Samuel's, jew- ellers. High Street, Merthyr. to the value of t5. An assistant at the shop stated that on Friday evening, the 18th inob., he he saw defendant on the curb near the shop. Defendant picked up a stone and threw it through the window. P.S. Edward Jones, who was pass- ing at the time. said he heard the crash. Defendant said: It's alright. I did it purposely to get locked up." When charged at the station defend- ant said: "I plead guilty to the charge. I couldn't help doing it. It came on me like a craze. I did it on t' e impulse of the momenT." Continuing, the officer said he had made inquiries, and found that the man. who had not previously been oon- victed, had lost the sight of one eye. He had lost his work, and had a great deal of family trouble, his wife and children being at the Workhouse Infirmary at the time of the offence- Defendant appeared to be suffering from the after-effects of drinking at the time of the offence. Dr. J. L. Ward, presiding magis- trate. said the Bench had decided to adjourn the case for a. fortnight to see how de- fendant behaved. This was being done because defendant had had such a great deal of trouble.
Sunday Cinema Shows
Sunday Cinema Shows The question of Sunday cinema per- formances was against discussed by the Merthyr Town Council on Mon- day evening. Coun. John Davies (May- or) presiding. The matter arose out of the applies cations of two cinema houses for the renewal of their six days' licences. Coun. W. Lewis asked that steps be taken to stop Sunday performances. I Ald. Dan Thomas moved that the D- oenoes be granted without restriction. Coun. Francis thought that all cine- ma houses should be treated in tha same manner. He suggested that the matter should be deferred to October, so that all the licences might be eon- sidered at the same time. Coun. Phillips moved an amendment in favour of dealing with the matter next December, and in seconding Aid Thomas remarked that public opinion could be tested in the interim a.t d a November elections. On a vote being taken, it was de- cided that the licences be granted un- til October.