Teitl Casgliad: Merthyr Pioneer
Sefydliad: Llyfrgell Genedlaethol Cymru
Hawliau: Nid yw statws neu berchnogaeth hawlfraint yr adnodd hwn yn hysbys.
Read WAR NOTES on Page 3. Interesting- and Informative. I
Read WAR NOTES on Page 3. Interestlng and Informative.
My Weekly Budget
My Weekly Budget. By J. Keir Hardie, M.P. I The House is again in Session, ¡ and the Government is doing its best to limit the rights of private members. The resolution claiinino, the practical time of the House for whole-time Government measures only, left a possible half-hour only each day the House sits for private members. The influence of the La- bour Party had this extended to an hour and there the matter rests. Protests' against this encroachment upon the rights of the private members were made by individual Liberals and Tories, but nothing came of them. The arrangement had been planned in advance by the leaders on the two Front Benches. The Prime Minister promised, in re- ply to a question by Mr. Arthur Henderson, the Chairman of the Party, that an early day would be given for a discussi-OLI of the big increase in the cost of living, es- pecially coal and food; whilst I was fortunate enough to come out first in the ballot for motions in go- ing into the Civil 'Service Esti- mates. The $arty-Ji £ id decided that the member who gfct this place should put down a motion condem- ning the efforts now so strenuously being made to destroy the Educa- tion Act in the Agricultural dis- tricts in order to give the farmers an abundant supply JOf cheap la- bour. It will be interesting to watc1: :hc U.S- sion on this most reactionary move- ment. The decision O: Mr. Justice War- rington in the Chancery Division of the High Court of Justice on Tuesday last, may be fraught with serious consequences to the Trade Union movement. When the Act was passed in 1913, giving a Un- ion the right, if the Rules were so framed, to impose a levy for poli- tical purposes, on those of its members willing to pay, it was re- duced to .the narrowest limits, and made as irksome as possible in its operations. Under the judgment referred to above, it appears to be still a bit of an open question whe- ther, if the rules of this particular Union had been more carefully drafted, the decision would hav€ been the same, though after a careful reading of portions of the decision, I am inclined to think that the finding would have been the same. < The Judge (Mr. Justice Warring- ton) said: That he had read a report of the meeting of the General Council of the defendant society, when it was resolv- ed to apply for these shares he was satisfied that that resolution was not a resolution to make an investment of the society's money in the ordinary course the object was not simply to invest as any ordinary commercial transaction, but to make a contribu- tion towards the expenses of publish- ing a particular newspaper. It had been said on behalf of the defendants, first, that this was a proper investment secondly, that if it was not an authorised investment, then it was not ultra vires the society and, thirdly, that if it was ultra rirethen it was only a question of internal management which could be pui right by the society itself and upon which it was not open for one member of the society to sue. Those would he forci- ble contentions if the question was whether this was an authorized in vestment. That was not the question. The question was whether this ap- plications of the funds of the society was a proper application. It was quite beyond being an investment of the of the funds, it was an application of the funds for a particular purpose. Could it be justified as an applica- tion of funds within the objects for which the trade union was establish- ed ? Did the objects of the society as set out in its rules include the contribution of money to the funds of a company such as Labour Newspapers (Limited)? In his Lordship's opinion they did not. The main objeet of that companr as shown by its mem- orandum of association was the promo- tion of the interests and views from time to time of a political party which called itself the Labour Party. There was nothing in the rules which author- ised the application of the society for such an object as that, and therefore it was ultra vires. THE TRADE UNION ACT, 1913, DID NOT CARRY THE MATTER ANY FURTHER SECTION 3 (1) OF THAT ACT DID NOT GIVE A TRADE UNION POWER TO AP- PLY ITS FUNDS TO ANY POLITICAL PUR- POSE. The original appliction of the money of the society in the purchase of these shares was unauthorised, and there must be a declaration that the payment was illegal and "ultra vires". and that the defend- ants must refund the money to the society and pay the costs of the ac- tion. It is the language of the last clause in the -judgment which seems to imply that even now a Union has no right to invest any portion of its funds even when all its members are unanimous, save one, in either a Labour party or Labour newspaper, which may, I repeat, have serious consequences for Unions which have already made very heavy investments of their funds. Every countnr which goes to war bases its reason for so doing 011 a fiction. The men, and the for- ces, which drive the nation into the war, are never under any misapprehension concerning the end which the war is meant to se- cure. For months and ve ir- > vance the statesmen, the Foreign Service, the heads of the military forces, and the most corrupting in- fluence of any, the armament firms who have so much to gain from war, and the preparations for war, are all busily at work in the dark, laying plans, scheming, and creating alliances for the war which they themselves are engin- eering into being. But of all this the nation knows little, if any- thing. If the common people knew the plot would be stopped. Loyal- ty and patriotism, and hatred to- wards some foreign nation, are the poisons with which the mind of the people is debased, and when these have been long enough at work to destroy even the power to see truth, the war fiend is let loose, and is hailed as a friend and deliverer. • s The one and only way, there- fore, of ending war is to drag the powers which make it into the light of day; to reveal the financi- ers plotting and scheming to make war, which bring many additional millions to their already swollen- coffers. The most popular man among bank managers and money lenders just now is Mr. Lloyd George. One of them the other day suggested that he should be given a peerage The poor are being starved by the robbery of high prices; evictions of soldiers' wid- ows are becoming common; wa- ges are, in some trades, steadily de- clining; the struggle to live is one of increasing hardship for millions of the poorer paid workers. Th& Government has hitherto failed to do anything effective to meet this tragedy, whilst almost the very hour 011 which the war was declar- ed, the same Government rushed to the aid of the financiers, and thus not only saved them from loss and ruin, but added greatly to thier incomes. The blind patriotism of the masses, and their lack of the least faintest interest in what re- ally concerns themselves, makes them an easy prey to those who prey upon them. They have them- selves to blame for everything they suffer, and there can be no glim- mering of hope for them until they cease heitg the playthings of par- ty politicians. They are a class, not a party, and when they have car- ried their Trade Union principles into politics, as such masses of them in Wales and elsewhere are now doifig, the rule of the financier will be overthrown, and war and poverty remain only as traditions of an evil past. It gave me real pleasure to learn that Mr. Charles P. Trevel- yan, M.P., was to visit Merthvr under the auspices of the U.D.C. Those desirous of following his ar- gument about the real facts of the case should get the latest I.L.P. pamphlet, entitled, How the War Came." It gives a chronicle of ev- ents compiled from all the official papers published by the European governments, and authority is thus given for each statement made. I trust it may have a very large cir- culation. If the facts which it contains are studied, and' their meaning grasped, our statesmen I will find it much more difficult to throw us into war in the future than ever they have done in the past. Those who questioned my state- ment at the Rink Meeting that ev- ery country, including England, kept an order of spies, must have been surprised to read in the Sup- plemental Estimates just issued that an extra ^,60,000 is provided for this purpose, making the total ^110,000. All the outcry about German spies seems to imply that England is too great and pure- minded to indulge in the meanness of "spying" on other countries. The £ 110,000 tells quite another tale.
Another Fiction Case I
Another Fiction Case. I In the Hibbert Journal the Rev. the Hon. E. Lyttelton, Headmaster of Eton, commences an article thus A friend writes from Devonshire that in his village there is a Belgian child with her two hands cut off." On having our attention drawn to this statement, we wrote the Rev. the Hon. E. Lyttelton as follows :— Dear Sir, My attention has been called to the artic!e you have written in the llibbert Journal, in which you say that "a friend writes from Devon- shire that in his village there is a Belgian with her two hands cut off." I am sure you would not have given publicity to a statement of this kind unless you have authenticated it, and since I am anxious to discover the facts about reports of mutilation, I should be grateful to you if you could inform me of the address of your friend. I enclose an envelope for a reply. Yours faithfully, A. FENNER BROCK WAY. January 19th. 1915. The reply we received was in these terms Dear Sir,—I made' a statement, as you see, on the authority of a friend, but since the article was written I find that the report cannot be substantiated. Another one from quite a different quarter has also broken down. I am writing to the Hibbert Journal to con- tradict the statement. I should be glad if you would do so in your journal.—Yours faithfully, p.p. E. LYTTELTON. January 20tb, 1915. We make no comment,-Labour Leader, January iWth, 1915.
Mr W C Anderson MP at Swansea
Mr. W. C. Anderson, M.P., at Swansea. Mr. W. C. Anderson, M.P., was the principal speaker at a meeting held at Swansea on Sunday to protest ag- ainst the high prices of food. Mr. H. Probert presided, and are. solution expressing indignation at the "rapidly increasing price of bread, coal, and other commodities was pro- posed by Ald. Colwill, seconded by Mr. D. J. Morgan, and carried. Supporting, Mr. Anderson said that since the outbreak of war the food had increased by 4/- in the £ There was no jutification whatever for this. Certain interests had seen a chance of making money and they had taken it. This would go on as long as the wor- king classes allowed it. The difficulty would be solved by the nation tak- ing over the merchant ships. The public should also control the ooal supply. The coal monopolists should no longer be allowed to dip their hands deeper and deeper into the pockets of the poorer classes. The resolution was carried.
Local Health MattersI
Local Health Matters. I MEDICAL OFFICER'S SUGGESTION I FLOUTED. MORE SCAVENGING COMPLAINTS I Ooun. H. M. Lloyd presided at a meeting of the Merthyr Helth Com- mi ttep on Wednesday. Scavenging. I Alluding to complaints regarding the scavenging in the Town, Councillor Francis urged that the penalty clause be imposed on Mr. Rob- ert Harris, one of the contractors. Mr. Harris. he said. had made a contract with the Council, and he should keep it. I must say that I am surprised that the Chairman of thi8 Committee should try and shelter this contractor. Only the other day a woman was fined for emptying her ash bucket in the garden. This contractor puts loads of stuff on unauthorised tipping places, but we don't fine him. I want the fine 11 flicted. Aid. Dan Thomas: It will be at thc- proper time. I move that the matter oi fines be dealt with by the BoroLg t Controller at the proper time. Mr. W. R. Harris (Borough Con- troller) If you impose the fine to- night. he can take it out of the re- tention money. Ald. Thomas: Just so. Our fr -,i(Is want to be vindicitve. Coun. Francis: What I object to is this. that the Chairman wants the Bo- rough Controller to fine Mr. Harris, but he does not tell Mr. Harris that he is to be fined. It was agreed that the fine be im- posed and that a record of fines be kept Measles Epidemic. I Dr. Duncan (Medical Officer) report- ed that the measles epidemic is prac- tically at an end in the Town Dist- rict. During the four weeks ending January 23rd, there have been 25 deaths. distributed as fouowis:- Penydarren 1. Park 3, Cyfarthfa 6, Town 8, Plymouth 7. All the deaths were of children under 5 years of age. With the object of reduc- ing the death rate in future epidemics, and these recur every three years as a rule. the only practicable scheme that the Council could adopt would be to upply special nurses during the epi- demic, first applying to the L.G.B. to make the disease notifiable." 11 Ald. Thomas: This is an important matter. It will involve an appointment of more officials. I thought we had quite enough of them. Chairman: We don't say thaib we are going to do it. The Doctor only saya what would be done if it was car- ried out. In any case, it would only be temporary. Aid. Thomas: Temporary? If a boy of 11 is put on here he soon becomes a permanent officer. Ooun. F. A. Phillips: I should like to have some idea of the cost. Ald. Thomas: I quite agree. Are we not dealing with it by building better houses? Dr. Duncan: These would all be tem- porary nurses. You would engage them for a few weeks or so only. Ald. Thomas: More half-timers." Ald. B. Jones: I take it that we won't be troubled with this for a bit again ? Chairman: No. it only comes in cycles. I Queen's Road Hollow. I inspector J. T. Owen reported that: I have to report that during the last month several loads of scavenging re- fuse have been deposited into the Queen's Road hollow, although I have repeatedly called upon the contractor with regard to the same. I have been asked by several persons to call and ascertain the views (with re- gard to the hollow) of occupiers living in the immediate neighbourhood, and I shall be glad to receive your instruc- tions with regard to t' e same." Aid. Thomas: I move that when the Inspector has time he ascertain their views. Ciun. Francis: I have a record here. and there have been more than two loads tipped there every clay. Coun. F. A. Phillips: When will it be full up ? Coun. Francis: I am concerned with the health of the people, not the peo- ple who want land to build on. Why have not the fines been inflicted- It is a serious matter. This man does just as he likes although we have a resolu- tion against tipping there. We pay sa- nitary inspectors for looking after the helth of the people. We have a death rate of 155 in Penydarren, chiefly due to the insanitary condition of the tip- ping grounds. Why is it that this (?? tractor is allowed to set a bad ex- ample to the other contractors in the boi-oug h 1 borough? Only yesterday a man tip- I ped refuse into the Morlais Brook near Tai Harry Blawd Alderman Thomas complains about that.¡' I am very surprised at the at?- tude of the Chairman. Inspector Owen: I told the man to take the refue to the proper quarter, but he took no notice. Coun..Francis: Why Ald. Thomas supports this man. I don't know. Aid. Thomas: I don't do that. The Town Clerk said he hd just been informed that this was private ground, and if the owner allowed it you can- not stop it unless a public nuisance is created. Coun. Francis: This is a nuisance. Town Clerk: That has to be proved. Coun. Francis: What is the good of people making complaints if we don't take any notice? I move. that the Inspector report to the Doctor re- garding every load which is taken up there each day. Aid. Thomas: I second that. It was carried. Coun. W. Lewis later remarked: "We have been dallying with this con- tractor for many years, and I think we should put an end to the contract." Refuse Destructor. I Ooun. D. Davies asked when were they going to have the refuse destruc- tor. Ald. Thomas When you settle the Dowlais dispute. I would ask Coun. Davies when he is going to decrease the rates. I would tell him very seri- ously that if the rates are not re- stricted in the next few years they will be up 1/6 in the £ We shall be in a terrible state in a few years. Before the advent of Coun. Davies on this Council I advocated getting a refuse destrutor, but there is some- thing needed beyond that. Coun. D. Davies: With all due re- respect to Aid. Thomas. Mr. Chairman, when are you going to ca1) this com- mittee Chairman: I don't think we can do this during the present year. The de- mands on the people are very heavy, and I fail to see that we can deal with it this year. Ooun. Francis: I hope. Mr. Chair- man that you are not poking fun at this idea. You made a promise at the last Health Committee to call this com- mittee together. Chairman: We arranged to go to Pentrebach and other places, but we had to cancel it. Coun. Francis: Yes, but you cancel everything that matters. The Chairman promised to call the committee together to deal with pros- pective sites.
Theatre Royal I
Theatre Royal. I There is a capital pantomime at the Theatre Royal this week, and there will be a special matinee on Saturday at 2.30 p.m., when children will be admitted at 2d., 4d.. 6d.. and 8d. The Babes in the Wood" is with- out doubt an exceptional show, and should not be mused. "THE GIRL FROM UTAH AT I THE THEATRE ROYAL. There is no doubt that "the girl" holds pride of place in the world uf musical comedy. We have had a "Gai- ety Girl," "The Girl from Kay's," "The Shop Girl," "The Girl in the Train." "The Girls of Gottenberg," "A Country Girl," "The Quaker Girl," etc.; whilst such well-known favour- ites as "Three Little Maids." "Miss Hook of Holland," and Our Mass Gibbs had for their central theme the "eternal feminine." but the latest, and perhaps the best and brightest of all the girls will visit the Theatre Royal. Merthyr. next week. in the person of the "The Girl from Utah." Produced at the Adelphi Theatre, it was an instantaneous success, which success is being repeated in every town it visits. It is a musical comedy of the best kind, with the coherent plot, plen- ty of catchy tunes, and good fun. In spite of its American name. it is an an-British production, having been written and composed by such well- known authors and composers as Mr. James T. Tanner. Paul A. Rubens, Sydney Jones, etc. Its brightness, cheerfulness, and general gaiety forms a delightful contrast to the troubles through which we are passing. Danv- ing—and good dancing too-is a great feature of this charming musical com- edy, which is excellently staged and mounted in every respect.
HELP THOSE WHO HELP YOUR PAPER I
I L P in Wales
I. L. P. in Wales. BRITAIN'S POLICY AT CONCLU- SION OF WAR. MR. KEIR HARDIE, M.P., ANO THE KIPPEN BEQUEST. The annual conference of the Weisii Divisional Council of the Independent, Labour Party was held at the Ruskixi Institute. Cardiff, on Saturday last. Coun. Morgan Jones. Bargoed. presid- ed. Mr. J. Watt (secretary), Mr. J. D. Morgan (treasurer). Mr. Ivor H. Tho- mas (N.A.C.) and Mr. Bruce Glasier occupied seats on the platform. There was a record attendance of delegates representing all parts of the Princi- pality. The local representatives were Guar- dian Harry Evans, Messrs. W. Law- rence. Harry Adams, and W. Powles. Guardian Harry Evans, Merthyr. and Mi-. J. Griffiths, Cardiff, were ap- pointed tellers. The reports of the various federa- tion secretaries showed that, in spite of the war, good progress had been made during the past year, and that the prospects for the current year were exceedingly bright. Mr. Ivor Thomas presented a report of his stew- ardship as N.A.C. member, which ag- ain showed the I.L.P. was making great strides, both numerically and financially. He referred to the Misses Kippen's bequest of £ 5.000. &nd stated that, in his opinion, the legacy was undoubtedly intended for the personal use of Mr. J. Keir Hardie. who. however, preferred to let it go into the funds of the Independent La- bour Party. Resolutions. There were a large number of reso- lutions on the agenda, the most im- portant of which were as follows: — Thpt Foreign Policv of Giea- Britain shall be directed to a Concert, of the Powers and the setting up of an International Council, whose do- ings shall be public, and part of whose work shall be the creation of Treaties of Arbitration and the establishment of Courts for their interpretation and enforcement. "Great Britalin shall propose, as part of Peace settement, a plan for the drastic reduction by consent of the ar- maments of the bellig erent Powers, and to facilitate that policy, shall at- tempt to secure the nationalisation of the manufacture of armaments, and the control of the export of arma- ments by one country to another." Another resolution condemned the action of certain Labour Members of Parliament for appearing on recruit- ing platforms—at which vile attacks were made upon Mr. Keir Hardie and Mr. Ramsay Macdonald—without dis- sociating themselves from such at- tacks. High Food Prices. A resolution was also passed pro- testing against the present high prioee of food, and calling upon the Govern- ment to use its powers to prevent the exploitation of the public being carried on. Mr. Bruce Glasier, member of the International Bureau, then delivered a stirring address, pointing out the work that Socialists could do during the present great crisis. This concluded one of the most suc- cessful conferences ever held in Wales. The officers for the ensuing year are as follows: -Chairman. Ooun. Morgan Jones, Bargoed: vioe-ohair- man, Mr. J. E. Edmunds, Cardiff; secretary, Mr. J. Watt. Cardiff; trea- surer, Mr. J. D. Morgan. Cardiff. It was decided that next year's con- ference be held at Merthyr.
Canon Lucan to Appeal
Canon Lucan to Appeal. I BENCH TO STATE A CASE. Once again the Bowlais School dis- pute was brought to the public notice, when Mr. F. S. Simons, solicitor, on healf of Canon Lucan. asked the Mer- thyr Magistrates on Tuesday (Mr. R. A. Griffith (Deputy-Stipendiary, pre- siding) to state a case with a view to an appeal against the fine of R2 and costs imposed on the Canon at the Court on Friday, the 29th Janus-tv. for an assault upon the schoolgirl Brid- get Barrett. The application was gra.nted subject to arrangements being arrived at wiJ.h regard to certain facts of the case.
Ideals are not Church ornaments." -Rev. J. Morgan Jones, at Hope Cha- pel. Sunday evening, January 31.