Teitl Casgliad: South Wales Weekly Post
Sefydliad: Llyfrgell Genedlaethol Cymru
Hawliau: Nid yw statws neu berchnogaeth hawlfraint yr adnodd hwn yn hysbys.
'I ￼ The innucnce of armament, pure an d simple, upon the course of a war is popularly but erroneously imagined to be decisive; and if it could operate anywhere conspicu- ously it would be no in the course ct the present conflict. In point of fact, in all wars It has usually been the case that one side has been markedly inferior to the other in the quality of its weapons; but that side, fcpougn handicapped sometimes very se- verely, has LzetL .by no means invariably worsted. Success in war depends upon a ( combination of qualities and endowments, of which perhaps the most important is a superiority m leadership. Under certain circumstances that can effecMlie most aston- ishing feats; in the American Civil War. for example, "Stonewall" Jackson, with 16,000 men, by dint of sheer brilliance and audacity i of strategy, by hard marching but little, fighting, twisted around his little finger a Federal army of ten times that strength, and changed the course of a whole campaign. Yet the same war afforded perhaps as good i an example as we seek of the fuilur? in the long run of exceptionally talented general- ship to prevail against sound if not con- spicuously brilliant leadership on the other, allied to tenacity of will and a great prepon- derance of resources. Lee was crushed eventually by the "big battalions." In the eighteenth century and in the ..Napoleonic Wars it might be said that dis- parities of armament had little to do with the fortunes of wars, even within the limited sphere for which an important influence can be claimcd for them. For centuries there was little development in firearms; and the most revolutionary changes began in the' • generation after the close of the Napoleonic struggles. A Prussian in- j vented a needle-gun, which was secretly accumulated in large numbers; but the riots which broke out in Berlin in 1849, and were the nearest approach to a revolution that Prussia has witnessed, compelled their pre- mature use, and disclosed to the world the possession by Prussia of a new engine of war. In the war against the Danes in 1864 and against Austria in 1866 the Prussian needle-gun was superior by far to the Danish and Austrian weapons; but in 1870 the Prussians had no mitrailleuses' (a crude form of machine gun), their needle-gun was to- I tally outranged by thw French chassepot' in reach and in rapidity of fire, and the Ger- mans had as a counteracting advantage only a distinct superiority in the quality of their •'Knrpp breech-iaading rifled field artillery, pitted against the French bronze smooth- bore muzzle-loaders. Zola in the "Downfall" has described once for all the ^tragedy of a battery of artillery, outranged, and then finally destroyed, by the superior enemy guns whom it is impotent to snipe. — Again, in the Russo-Turkish War, the | Turkish Martini was far better than the Russian rifle; and the Russian artillery was compelled by the long range of the Turkish small arm to keep a distance from the Turk- j ?. ish lines that prevented by it any elective ? co-operation for the Russian infantry attacks on the Turkish trenches. Hence the repeat- ed sanguinary Russian failures to storm Plevna. In the American Civil War the i Confederate arms were much inferior to Uiose of the Federals, who could buy the toefct.that-Europe cbuld send them; but that: did not prevent numerous and great if inde- owiVe Confederate victories. In the Spanish- AltieriCaA War the Spaniard- in the South African War the Boers, and In the Russo- Japawese War the Russians (in regard to their field aVtillery) all had marke-' advan- tages over their opponent's; thfe Spaniards he- better wne, the Boers, t,N better i field gun, the Russians the bettier field at-til- I klry yet each in'tU'rh WJ'defeat&l In the classic times of the Macedonian phalanx, t&e Roman legion and the Greek hoplites, the u66 of the sword, javelin, spear or arrow exerted a great influence upon formations d tactics, tout not upon the fate of cam- jpalgns. In this war it infcy be' said, to dehl with the Western com batants, that the French had the best field gui-i and the British th« fofcfct rite; thfc trwiftAns had. the j in numbers of machine-guns and in heavy artillery, at the outset. The Germans from tnfe first, it will be seen, enjoyed a superior- ity in just those weapons which are best euited to position warfare, of trench and re- doubt the British and Frenoh excelled in the "weapons suited to the quick-changing phases and rapid and long movements of fighting in the open. What great successes, 45f a marked importance upon the rourse of war, caii be claimed for a superiority in armament in this conflict? One could sav there are two cages, which are incontestable i ￼ d?moMtrate; the triumph of W2^ ie < J»?CTH? f»■ n 17-nh howitzers bvet t?e l?el 'giall
The Stockholm Conference ia dently deeply buried. The PwKaaae&tety Comihit- W&e of the Trades Cm*ress hM abandoned the idea, bt think that %t s?me tutui-e time QCh a. confe?Mt
The gigantic number of 150,000 officers is to receive instruction in the American camps naxt year, and the Americans &re clearly pr^>aring for a campaign in 1&19 if need be, when the American forces, in Europe may well exceed the total number of men that Germany will have under arms upon all fronts. Thirty thousand American National Guardsmen have marched through the streets uf New York bound for the,front, and be- fore Christmas Pershing will have an appre- ciable sector of the Western battle front manner under the Stars and Stripes. The American policy is the only time one—think of and work for comprlete victory, and that alohe; nevcir mind the date, whether it is 1918, 1919 or 1920. We have set ourliaiids to the ploilgh arid, the complete crushing of German military po-* er may take us a couple of campaigning ,eas( -is- yet.
"Eisteddfod Ystumllwynarth!" Manager David James is going "some" these days. 600.6 A greenhouse near Brynmill Park bears a sign, "Apartments." Opening for respect- able plants, evidently. To-day (Friday) is the last day for deal- ings in unrestricted tiiiplates. From to- morrow prices^ are strictly under Govern- ment control. < <-< $ ?< ?-< ￼ > Hoary-headed Mumbles fishermen view with growing suspicion the attempt? re- cently to describe them as residents of "Ystumllwynarth. --$-< >-< ￼ An observant party says he has discovered that Saxon residents in the suburban dis- tricts of Swansea favour Cymric names for their residences, whilst their Welsh neigh- bours go in for quite the reverse. Most interesting. "Cymro Bach" (Skewen): Steady, friend, steady! This is supposed to be a more or less breezy column—just according to moods an d weather-but although we share your opinion of the Hun, really,, you know, this is a family paper J "Fish-eater" -(Swansea) writes t—"I read somewhere a 'little while ago semi-official statement advising us all to eat herrings, a? they were both cheap and plentiful. All 1 they were both c saw in Swansea on Saturday were 3d. each. 1 bought cockles." Good! Several of Dr. D. Vaugha-n Thomas's criticisms at the Mumbles Eiseddfod were a bit pungent; but as they were evidently given for the good of the singers concerned, it is to be hoped that they were taken in the same spirit in which they. were uttered, A cockle-woman left a large tub of cockles near the Albert Hall on Saturday whilst she j foolishly went to look for cubtoiors with a smaller one. When she returned half-a- dozen dogs and one cat had paid a Visit to her wares. She swore both in English and in Welsh. A French resident of Swansea says he came across a party of some seamen compa? triots of his in Victoria Park on Sunday 1 evening. They were delighted with all they saw, but were manifestly puzzled &800 why there was no band playing on the stand after church hours. And, now one comes to think,; what earthly harm could it dot I In Queen's-road district, Sketty, within a radius of one or two hundred yards, no less than five officers have sacrificed their lives for King and country, viz., Captain Leonard Godfrey, Rederoft; Lieuts, Dixon Burnie, Glenview Brinley Morgan, Duniuce; Ar- thur Rosser, Penrhyn; and Tom Morgan, Wooda, son of Mr. Steve Morgan. A glorious record for some dozen houses,
Business was brisk at the Swansea Tri- bunal on Thursday. Interest never I flags- so fat as the applicantr, are concerned. -JX -? Tea is to be served on Swansea's Tuesday Metal Exchange. Vifhat about the "rolls and "plates"? A Swan-sea grocer ifound the other night that he-had etfough tugar to satisfy ail de- .TMrods. Then he woke up. The promptness with which succour was penderedtothe injured in the Gower 'bus aecident is worthy of every praise. Suitable sites are being arranged for the wafa for wounded soldier and1 sailors gener- i/usly given by a Swansea dockenuun. < ￼ ?x ￼ < ￼ - Major Vietbr Hil<$ftch and Major Dick Player, of SVansea, joined the R.F.A. in r,he same period early in the war. Both have -?rved gallantly. "I s ihat your parcel ?" asked the fumty: man at the telegraph stand in the post office. "No, sir," was the reply. "I thought not," said the first; "it's ine." < < > > < $ ?< ￼ < s ￼ Mr. Alex Moffatt was busy at the Royal j Institution cn Friday in overalls overhaul- ?g and classifying dusty tomes. With him it ia purely a. labour of love. # Considering the numerous trips they make and the condition of the roads, the fact that not mere accidents happen to Gower 'busses is a distinct credit to the drivers. Lord Rhomdda, -who is giving hig personal attention to the composition of local Food Control Committees, wi!l find the Swansea Committee a judiciously selected one. O^ix H xSxS* Distressing as was the motor- accident, the results fortunately were not so alarming as the reports circulated in Swansea business circles at midday on Friday indicated.
SCALE OF CHARGES. For Co"utive Week" Insertion* of SMALL ADVERTISEME ?Vg of (Wheci Prepaid Only.) THREE LISBS, not exceeding 24 Wordi M. per insertion. Every additional 8 Word3, Fourpence. The fbregoiac acalf applies only to The rore VITEgNT AND HOUSES. To let or Wanted; Situations Vaoant or Wanted; Houses. Offices, Properties and Shops to Let or Sell; Lost and Found; Miscellaneous Private Wants a.nd Sales; but not to any Advertisement of a Traue nature. TRADE SPECIALITIES, Ete. (When Prepaid Only.) henty.four Words—9d. per insertion. Thirty-two Words—Is. A redtiotion, is made for a. series of a. U. 25. or 52 insertions. ?I_ f a. voucher copy be desired, *n -extra Three Halfpence p«r ;Wer?tion thouM ,?tr& added to the above cheap rate. Unless prepaid, the Advertisements^ will be ohargred ')Y t-h-3 Business Scale. Advertise- meats from Publio Bodies are Hot inserted at the prepaid rstfe. The Poetmarter-General does not allow letter" addressed to initials or flotitious names to be addressed to any Post Omoe, and letters so sent axe returned to the tender through the Dead Letter .Department. Let- ters to Advertisers by initials, etc., or othe, Wise, may be directed to "The Cambrian Offloe free of charge, and if stamps are sent to cover postage will be forwardell to the Advertiser's own Address. Remittances under 5s. may be made up In Halfpenny Postaee Stamps or Postal Omers. Postal Orders should be made payable to "The South Wales Poet" Newspaper Co., Ltd., 211, Higih-strwt, Swansea. Addieea all coJurauEioations to the 31amaget GOVERNESSES. I ————————————————— REQUltíED, by Eeftned French Young Lady Position, as T,).,ily Governess; fui-U Br^rlish; line sewing. Write "French," L;i.ily Post," Swansea. 10Sk9 MORNING Governess (9 until 1) for 2 Girls, aged 10 a.nd 7.-A.ddreas. stating age, abilities and salary, Johns. 1. Wcroe^ter- plaoe. Swansea. 151k9-9 CHOOLING.-Young Girl Required to giv u Elementary Instruction to Delicate I Child at home; morninKs only.—Write, stat- ing terms to "Teacher," "Daily Post, Swansea. 134k9-ll ) HOUSE AND PARLOUR-MAIDS. '1 W- ANTED, Competent House-Parlourmaid; •» V four Ma-ide kept.-kanglaud Bay House, Mumbles. 9^)h9-5 w ANTED, House-Parlourmaid, or House- maid. )Lri;. Edwards, Penalit," Sketty. 96Ch9-6 r—J! -L —L-—" L r 4;0 0 K-C E-N E R*A L& t — 1 ? "M.7'A2VTED, Experienced Coo?-GereTaJ.— '?'Apply 1;\ Btcbon-?x?; SffMse?.: 736ii9-ll WANTED, an Experienced Coot-General, must have good references—Apply Mrp. D. Ti Jones, "Brooklands," Skewen. 118k9-7 i t"t. T -rED, for Swansea, a good Plain Cook; also House-Parlourmaid; small family; good wages and outings.-Apply, by letter, Mrs. Bradford, Bryn Cottage, La-cgland Bay, Mumbles. 983h9-7 -ø COOKS, KITCHEN-MAIDS, Etc. I KITCHEN-MAID Wanted; Young General! •might suit—Apply, with full particu- lars. Mrs. Walters. Penlan. Swansea. 32k9-8 CENERALS. GOOD General Wanted; also Day Girl; must have references; good wages.-Q, King Edward-road, Swansea. 129k9-b COMPETENT General, or Working House- keeper: two in family.—Apply, after 7 p.m Beaumont House, Goring-road, Llanelly. 115k9-13 WANTED, Experienced General Servant.- Apply, with references, to 142, Walter- road. UoM-11 i w A-NTEIY, t Servant for Mian and Wife; no children; rlderl.Y person will suit.-i Write Mumbles," Daily Post," Swansea. 138k9-11 W ANTED, at, onee, good General Servant, able to do Plain Cooking—Apply White Rose Hotel, Wa4ter-road, Swansea. 64k9-8 GOOD General WgLnted.-lf- Cwmdonfein- terrace, Uplands. 35k9-5 GENERAL Servant Wanted; good wages; able to Wash.—Apply 54,. Carlton-ter- race, Swansea. 17k9-5 WANTED, Good, Experienced General Sr- I Wvant for Nurses' Home; wages £æ per annum.—Ao?ly Master, Tawe Lodge, Mount Pleasant. Swansea. 3Ok9-8 WANTED. a Respectable Young Girl as General.—Apply 5. Brynymor-crescent. Swansea. 29k9-5 w ANTED, Young General Servant for small family.—Apply, evenings, Miss Orga.n. 64. Bryn-road, Swansea. 25k9-8 j TXT ANTED, General Servant, able to do plain cooking and attend bar when re-! quired.—Apply Old Swan Hotel. Gower- i street. Swansea. W ANTED, a good General; references; good home.-Mn. Jones, 66, Mansel- terVaoe, Swansea. 2Ok9-5 W ANTED, a good General, able to do Plain Cooking, Washing and Ironing- Apply Miss Sibbering, 1, St. Helenss-oreset-nt (references required), between 6 and 9 o'clock evenings. 989h9-/ WANTED, a Strong, Beepecta?Me General, for Business House; fond of Children; able to do Plain Cooking; good references re- quired—Write Box 108. Daily Post," Swan- sea.. 942h9-5 WANTED, a Young General.—Apply 54, I T Beeohwood-road, Uplands, Swansea. 947h9-t> WANTED, a Respectable Girl, jaa General; good home; liberal outings to suitable person.—Apply Mrs. Thomas, 20, Oxford- street, Swansea. ( 869h9-5 E. XPERIENCED General Servant Wanted; two in family.—Apply, between 6 and 8 o'clock, or by letter, to Mrs. W. A. Ford, Rook wood," 87, Eaton-orescent, Swam sea. 760h8-9 WANTED, by September 24th, a. good, trustworthy General, locr Doctor's I hoube; no washing; particulars on applica- tion. A good Housemaid also by same date; particulars on application.—Mrs. Marks, Brynheulog," Mumbles. 698h9-7 MORNING CIRL6. "STUMBLES.—Wanted, Respectable Woman, I or Girl, for Mornings.—Apply Red- lands," King's-road, Mumbles. 749h9-5 YOUNG GIRLC WANTED. "*Tn"lANTED. B