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^jpaaaiwigMwai^^ »Kr.yV" I f?.' .V ???? ??'??S? the UA OF.E'?? FECqp I "AmPi N Er 7^&s#^ \s& >heDAY«PERFEGT HAPPINESS wS8 W Ww« i/ >SfB T\ aI' £ vV Jfc; should be crowned by the thought that the symbol of your wedding joy is ^VyW'H |U 1 the most perfect that money can buy. H. Samuel's "Wedding Latest fMhionaMe ??? ???'??.????-????? Rings are perfect—perfect in their golden purity, perfect for sterling value, Court: styles in Hall- < a?. J/? ??\!?'?? Rings are perfect—perfect in their golden purity, perfect for sterling value, Conrttty)e
HISTORY NOTES FOR BARRY j CYMRODORION COMI E111ION I I
HISTORY NOTES FOR BARRY CYMRODORION COM- I !'E'1'1'1'ION. I (iVV w. 15RYX DAVIES.) ■HISTORY OF GL A MORGAN. ;L, I.n, ,) } J. ■ PRIOR TO ROMAN* OCCUPA- TION. I I The earliest inhabitants of Glamor-j I gan were a race of savages who hunted j 1 wild animals. They lived before the Ice Age, and at a lime when the i British Isles were joined to the main- j land of Europe. They are called the men of the Old Stone Age. Their weapons were of stone, rough and un- polished. A number of flint flakes and a flint arrow-head belonging to this period were discovered in a cave in Gower. After these islands were formed and separated from the European main- land, a new race of men came from SAY. Europe, called the Iberians. They are known as the men of the New Stone Age. They used tools and weapons made of hard stone and flint, very neatly made and finely polished. They were short men, with swarthy skins and dark hair and eyes, and had skulls of the long type. This race has survived till to-day, and forms the chief stock from which natives of Gla- morgan have sprung. Relics of the New Stone Age are to be seen in the mounds or burrows, and cromlechs which are scattered about Glamorgan. Remarkable cromlechs are to be seen at St. Lythan's and Dyffryn (St. Nicholas). A Celtic people called the Goidels, or GatIs, followed the Iberians, and overcame them. They were furnished with implements of bronze, and are called the men of the Bronze Age. Their weapons were the axe, sword, spear, and knife. The cairns and tumuli are numerous in the County. Especially round the Rhondda and Bridgend are relics of the men of the Bronze Age. Specimens of their tools may be seen in the Welsh National Museum. ROMAN OCCUPATION. At the commencement of the Roman occupation, the County was in the pos- session of the Silures, a people of Iberic and Goidelic race. The Romans did not win the County without a brave struggle on the part of the Silures, and the story of Caradoc (C aractacus). their brave prince, against Ostorius Sctipula, about 51 B.C., is well known to you. The County was not finally conquered until A.D. 78, when Julius Frontinus made the roads and camps which enabled the Romans to hold the country until A.D. 410. The headquarters of the troops were at Caerleon and Caerwent, and subsidiary camps were established at Gelligaer and Cardiff. Roman re- mains have been found at Llantwit Major and Merthyr Tydfil. The Romans were great road-makers, and traces of their great military roads can still be found. The following are the chief 1. Via Julia Maritima (constructed by Julius Frontinus), running from Caerleon through Roath, Heath, Caerau (three miles west of. Cardiff), | Boverlon (near Llantwit Major), and! Ken fig to X eath, and then on to Loughor, Carmarthen, and St. ]! David's, in Pembrokeshire. 2. Sarn Hir, running from Cardiff, through Caerphilly, Y strad Mynach, C efn, (.jellygaer, and into Brecknock. 3. Sarn II plen, from Neath to; Brecknock. Roman encampments have been found AT Caerau, Boverlon, Neath, I Loughor, Caerleon, Caerwent, Gelly- gaer, and Mynydd-v-Gaer, near Pen- coed. During the Roman occupation the natives retained their language, which was enriched by the introduction of new words formed from Latin, such as aradr (plough), caer (camp), caws (cheese). ffor (ditch), ffenestr (window), olew (oil), pont (bridge), porth (gate), strvd, ysirad (street), saeth (arrow), twr (tower), wal (wall). Roman in- fluence seems to have brought Christian missionaries to Glamorgan, for Fagan and Dyfan, whose names are pre- served at St. Pagan's and Merthvr; Dyfan, are said to have come in the } ear 160 A. D. At Llandaff, Llantwit Major, Llancarvan, and Llandough i (Penarth) there were in the fifth and ¡ sixth centuries cottages for mission-J aries and students belonging to the] British Church. Ihe founders of i these schools were Teilo, Cattwg, j Hltvd, and Dochon. Thei r names ap- pear in place-names, Llandiio-Taly- j bont (Pontardulais), Cadoxton (Barry and Neath), Llantwit Major, Llantwit Fardre, Llantwit Lower (Ne, itli), dough (Penarth and FROM ROMAN OCCUPATION TO NORMAN OCCUPATION. Yv hen the Romans had retired the! Brythoris, a second branch of the Cel tic race, invaded Siluria or Gwent. 1 hey drove out the ruling Goidels, and became in their-turn the overlords of. liie Ibenans. T rom these Celtic tribes has sprung thai other type. taU, fair, I and blue-eyed, which is found among the people of Glamorgan. Iberian, Goidel, and Brython, now all became Cymry, or fellow-countrymen. The. cause of the Brython attack upon Siluria was that owing to the depar- ture of the Romans they had to retire westwards before the Saxons. The men of Morgannwg never came to terms with the Saxons, as thev did with the Romans, and successfullv re- I sisted all Saxon incursions. The strong- line of defence across Margam Moun- tain (east of Port Talbot), probablv marks out a line of camps held against some inroads of the Saxons. The history of Glamorgan during this period is very obscure. It was. however, from Morgan Mwynfawr (rhe courteous) that the county received I the name of Morgannwg. In the ninth century the incursions of the Saxons were varied by thf ravages of the Danes. In 877 the i. black pagans are said to have laid ¡ waste long stretches of land, and in 896 to hav? come NRAIN and devastated Gwent and (.wyniiwg (coast bet EUR Cardiff and Newport). Some Norse names, such as Fh<- I Holm, Steep Holm, Nash, Worms Head, Swansea, Sker, probably mark the temporary sojourning places of the sea-rovers. A camp on Stormy Down (near Kenfig Hill) is said to BE Danish. W ith a view lo protecting their ter- ritories from these Danish onslaughts, the South Wales princes put them- selves under the protection of Alfred the Great. Edward the Elder materi- allv helped during a Danish raid in 915. In 987 the Danes destroyed al- most all the churches and colleges in Glamorgan. Llandaff and Llantwit Major suffered severelv. 1'1 It, t t 'I '1'" 'I. ( r' 11" In spite oi all attacks, Morgan:!VVG remained, under its own princes, the descendants of H ywel ap Rhys, till THE eleventh century. In 1043 a Gwentiart Prince, in the person of Gruffydd ap Rhydderch, came to the throne, and extended his power over the neigh- bouring kingdom of Deheuborth. His dynasty was, however, short-lived- The last native prince was Testvn ap Gwrgant, who seized the throne on the fall of GruffnlcFs son Caradoc. It was in the hands of lestin that Glamo-gan lost its independence. (Next week The Norman Conquest of Glamorgan.
i9 Pino Format in g Every Homos K§§g &?? ?? Many ser i ous cheat com- g| phinta spring from a g ??????.?? '?'f-oId threading its way K g??.???TS?' a.ionKtb(. delicate membrane ft that lines the air passages be- ???MH??y ween the back of the mouth I and the lungs. The antiseptic ■ medicinal fumes released ■ ■ H from a Peps tablet as it dis- D ■ B solves in the mouth allay the ■ ■ -S eoroness and inflammation ■ Mb H in tbe-se ai r passages, destroy B ge ?9 and prevent further
SALE OF LEASEHOLDS AT BARRY DOCKS I
SALE OF LEASEHOLDS AT BARRY DOCKS. Mr. J. Tlollester Evans, LIantwit rardre, offered for sale, at the Wind- sor Hotel, Barry Docks, on ThurdaY1 evening last, several valuable lease hold properties. Nos. 26 and 2fj, Castle-street, Barry, let at 7/6 per; week each, held for 999 years from May 1. 1890, at a yearly ground rent of C3 each, were offered separately. Bidding commenced at 2100, and both houses were sold for B150 eacti to lVl r. E. Collier, Beryl-road. Nos. 27 and 29, George-street, Barr y Docks, let at 7/6 per week each, iii-z nual ground rent of £ 6/2/ With- drawn. Nos. 31 and 33, George-street, let a £ 8/- per week t.ach. with an anrnnj ground Withdrawn at ;2140 each. Nos. 35 and 37, George-street, let at //& and 8/- per week each, ground rent £ 6. Withdrawn at £ 140. Nos 39, 41 and 43, George-street, let at 8/- per week each, ground rent of £9/2/ Withdrawn at £145. All the properties in George-street be&r '?? for 98 years from: ;\Jay, 1892. Mr. Gwilym Jones, Mountain \sh, was solicitor to the vendor.
AN NLAL MEETING OF BARRY 9 IGOLF CLUB
AN NLAL MEETING OF BARRY, 9 GOLF CLUB. MR F. N. Jones has resigned the ?cretaryship of Barry Golf ?ub ??nd ?1 emti! t" ??' received with much reeve at the annual p meeting of the Club on Ft- ndav evening last, by whom Ilis serx-ices for several years were much appreciated. Air. T. L. James WélS appointed captain of the club'; lVIr. E. T. Mayer, vice-captain; fr. E. T. Lawrence, hon. treasurer; and lVIr. IZ. F. Illingworth, who Presided at the meeting, hon. secretary. J