Collection Title: Carmarthen weekly reporter
Institution: The National Library of Wales
Rights: The copyright status or ownership of this resource is unknown.
zr^r- i Aift AUTUMN & WINTER MACHINERY I masa^ ;?f.Y:;Z";
The New Welsh Army
The New Welsh Army. ITS NATIONAL CHARACTERISTICS. INTERESTING INTERVIEW WITH GEN. OWEN THOMAS. "Yes," said General Owen Thomas to a correspondent who on Saturday visited him at his Brigade Headuarters. at Kinmel Park, "this iss more distinctively a Welsh Army than has existed for over 400 years. And by the term "WeLdl Ar" I mean all the units qompn'sing that Army to-day, vizthe Welsh Guards, Royall 11eish Fusiliers, South Wales Borderers, Welsh Regiment (the last hroo of which have in addition to their ser- vice battalions, Territorial battalions, all of which have battaAvons at the front doing such excellent service), the Denbighshire, Pem- brokeshire. Glamorganshire, and Montgom- eryshire Yeomanries), the Anglesey Engin- eers, the Carnarvonshire R.G.A.. and the Welsh Horse I do not think anything I:ke it has been seen since the time tSir Rhys ab Thomas, of Abermarlairs, in Carmarthenshire, 'fought at the battle of Bcsworth It was a Welsh Army which won that battle and made Henry of Richmond, grandson of the Welsh Chieftain, Owen Tudor, of Penymynydd, Anglesey, king of England. Even that army, however, can hardly be said to possess so strong a claim to be called a Welsh Army as has the one which has been raised for this war. Sir Rhys ab Thomas's army consisted al- most entirely of men from Carmarthenshire. Cardiganshire, Breconshire, • Pembrokeshire, and a very small proportion of men from Glamorganshire. There could have been but few North Walians in its ranks except per- haps1 personal retainers of the Tudor family from Anglesey. But this is drawn from every county in Wales. Wales and Welshmen have ca use to be proud of the fact. "But." 1 said "Wales has contributed in large measure to the British Army before to- day." "Qute so. and has had regiments "of her own. There is the historic Welsh Regiment, with its noted motto "Better Death than Dis- honour." he (South Wales Borderers, and the Royal W el'sh Fusiliers, each of w-hicli has a great and glorious record. But these were only regiments, and never formed an Army. r The Welsh Army of to-day however is more distinctly Welsh than ever these Regiments have ever been before. Take any test you like to mark distintive nationality—the terri- tory from which the men are drawn, the test of language or of relrgious observance, and I hold that the present Welsh Army is more di«tinctiveily national than have ever been any of the Welsh Regiments before, or than could be any Brigade of even Irish or Scottish Regiments to-day. The nearest approach to it perhaps would be the Highland Regiments of Scotland, though I venture to think that no number of Scottish Regiments as a body would come out so well as the Welsh Army will if the tests I have named were applied. There is the question of territorial source— the men are drawn as I said from every county in Wales. Practically all the officers of this Welsh Army are of Welsh parentage or des- cent. or are intimately connected with the Principality either by residence, service, or in other ways. There is the question of language. Two-thirds of the officers are of Welsh nationality, the majority of them know and habitually use the We-li language. So large a proportion of the men are drawn from Welsh speaking areas that in whole com- 1 panies, I might almost say battalions. Welsh is the common meditum of intercourse not onlly among the men themselves, but between them and their officers. To such an extent indeed in this the case, that a special War Office Order has been issued to remove any possible misapprehension and officially author- ise the habitual use of the national tongue in this army. Apply the test of religious faith and devo- tional service, Wales is distinctly religious in its habits. Never before have the religions predilictions of the men been so sympathetio- ably considered by the military authorities as is now the case. It grieves one to think that in the past. the people of Wales, and parti- cularly the more rigid and Puritanic section oi Nonconformists had been wont to look upon membership of the army as entirely sub- versive to morality. This no doubt helped and emphasized the conscientious Noncon- formist objection to military service. I have no hesitation in sayting that it constituted one of the great obstacles we had to contend with in our earlier recruiting efforts. Men who had been brought up from their earliest childhood in the 'belief that war was in itself sinful, and to regard those who made the Army their profession as having sunk deep in degradation both socially and morally, could hardly be expected to change at once their point of view, even in the face of this great national crisis. And when that point of view came to be changed, it necessitated a corresponding change in the military arrangements for divine serrilee. (Men who were Nonconformists by birth, custom and conviction, could no more be expected to attend of their own free will and to participate eagerly in Episcopal services, than could lifelong Protestants be expected to accept the minis.tratfons of Roman Catholic priests or than could Roman Catholic soldiers be expected to take part in a -Non- conformist prayer meeting. For the first time in the history of the British Army, and necessitated by the fact that we have a dis- tinctly Welsh Army, adequate arrangements have been made to recognise the differing religious convictions of the men comprising the Army, and to provide each, wherever he may be stationed, with the necessary facilities for obtaining spiritual ministrations, and continuing the religious observances to which he has at home ever been accustomed. I say emphatically there has never before been anything like it in the whole history of the British Army. The nearest approach I can think of to it was what obtained in the Army of the Commonwealth under Oliver Cromwell At that time the religious leaders were also frequently the military leaders ot the men and those who preached to or prayed with the men at night, led them to battle or fought shoulder to shoulder with them in the morning. But even so. the different beliefs of the men were not always considered; the Independents cared nothing for the teachings of the Presbyterians, and the Presbyterians even less for that of the Independents or Ana- baptists, and seldom were 'there pastors ot each of these provided for each regiment. In the Welsh Army however all religious 8e::t::¡ t are recognised and provided for. Chaplains of every denomination have been appointed, and religious services are held as regularly in Welsh as is the case in the little Chapel is the heart of Wales. There is not a battalion, not a company in the Welsh Army of to-day, but could, and on occasion does, hold its own prayer meeting and Sunday School. I will undertake to fay that the moral welfare and the spiritual requirements of the men in the Welsh Army, are more carefully and system- atically looked after than would be the casd in hundreds of instances had they remained at home. We have in our ranks and 88 non- commissioned or commissioned officers, Non- conformist deacons, lay preachers, theological students, and ordained pastors in addition to those, who hold the distinctive rank sm chap- lain. As I have already said, there ha never hefore been anytb'ng like it in the whole his- tory of the British Army. This has tended to remove the last, and the most setioue ob- jection of conscientious Welsh parents -who feared to allow their sons to join the Army. I believe, had these faotls been generally known throughout Wales, the response to the call to the colours would have been even more ready and encouraging than it is." "Does this mean that you are not quite sati-fied with the response made by Wales under Lord Derby's Recruiting Scheme P" I asked. "Wales as a whole," repled the General, has donp. well and has no reason to fan) ashamed of the efforts she has made. Some parts of the Principality have of course dona better than others. There ane still however a large number of young Welshmen, particu- larly in the country districts, who have not joined. This is partly to be attributed to the fact that it is out of the way, and what might be termed the more Welsh part of agricul- tural Wales. Lord Derby's scheme was not thoroughly understood. I am now taking steps to reorganise some battalions, and still further to develop their «*sentially Welsh characteristics, and I am looking forward to being able to include in them many who failed to avail themselves in time of the pro- visions contained in Lord Derby's scheme. The splendid lead given by Welsh Noncon- formist ministers and laymen in their recent appeals to the patriotic senoe of Young Wales, w,ill be of immense assistance in our further recruiting work. "All this" concluded the General "impmes new duties: upon the Welsh nation as a whole. For, unless Welshmen at home realise what each individual soldier has suffered, or is pre- pared to suffer, in order that "home" may have the same significance for them, they wi'l not realise what their duty will be towards those who come bad: when the war is over, or is to those who are with us now-maimed or suffering—and to those who alasl will never return, but who lea vie some dear dependent on their country's hands. J am taking the initial step in the matter of bringing the civil and the military elements in Wales into closer touch with one another, and,. I have strong hopes that this will result in the for- mation of a strong and etttareiy national civilian organsation charged with the duty of safeguarding as far as possible the moral, spiritual and material interests of soldiers selling in the new Welsh Army, and their dependents."
WANTED, BUTrERMAKERS. British Butter is nnqueutionally better than foreign yet the latter is often bought its preference. This ia an injustice both to the British producer and the boyer. It is an injury which could easily be avoided. The British housewife believes that butter presenting a rich rolden uniform colour ia the ideal. The foreign producer meets her wish, and all his butter haa tae rich golden colour which sells. A perfectly safe meant is provided whereby the British maker can impart to his butter just that golden colouring which will oom- mend it to the eye, as decidedly as its quality will commend it to the palate. The remedy is the "Silver Churn butter colour, manufactured by Oldfield, Pat- tin son, and Co., of Manchester, the succeeful survivor of the severest tests at the principal shows, where it has gained First Class awards for 30 years. Equally satisfactory is the high praise it has won in the numerous dairies where it is regularly used. These competent approvals are due to the absence of any us- evenness or muddiness in the Colouring, and to the fact that the use of Silver Churn does not effect the buttermilk. The butter itself it not injured in the procage; it is improved. Its delicate creamy flavour it enhanced. It should be clearly understood that "Silver Churn "i a vegetab'e product, entirely free from any anilhie dye. (A guarantee by the makera to this effect will be given any user desiring it). It way be obtained from Chemists and dairy supply men in 6d., Is., 2s., 5s., 8s., and 14s. bottles. To eeoure fat- isfaction obtain the Silver Churn" brand. Free ttial samples from the manufacturers. Aieo Silver Churn Butter Powder. Silver Churn Cheese Rennet. Silver Churn Cheese Colouring.
ICilgerran Housing Disclosures
I Cilgerran Housing Disclosures. At a meeting fo the St. Dogmell's Rural District Council on the 9th inst., The Sanitary Inspector (Mr Ivor E. G. < George) reported that a case of typhoid had occurred in a house in High street, Cilgerran, and he was given instructions to secure an ( empty house which could be used as a tem- porary hospital for lisolaton purposes. The house in which the fever was was in a dilapi- dated state, and had ong ago been condemned A room in an old dilapidated house opposite having been secured, the healthy children of the fi)m'i!y—thre'e in number were removed to rift, adn a woman engaged to look after them Visiting the place next morning, he found that the children had been removed again to their old home under most distressing condi- tions. It had been truly heartrending to wit- ? ness the sufferings of the poor innocent chil- dren—one already gone—and unless some- f thing was done, and done at once, he feared others would follow. He was, afraid that without a means of isolation the consequences would be very serious and far-reaching. Dr Havard said the condition of the house was indescribably filthy. When he visited the house the first thing he Raw was a soldier. He was struck aghast, and advised him to go back to camp as soons as possible and report himself. He (the doctor) wrote to the com- manding officer of the regiment reporting the facts, and 'asking him to have the man kept under observation for a time. If that had not been done the man might have been infected and through him the whole regiment. The Inspector alleged that the father on the day on which the child was buried was drunk all day. He added that .he was afraid that there would be more cases in Cilgerran as the drain- age all1 came out to the main street. It was agreed to erect a temporary wooden hut for isclaiting the children, and it was further decided that the parents should be reported to the National N- for the Prevention oi Cruelty to Children. I