Collection Title: Merthyr Pioneer
Institution: The National Library of Wales
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Dowlais School StrikersI I
Dowlais School Strikers." I I Parents Before Stipendiary. I Sir Marchant Williams and Conscience. I Owing to the summonses taken out by the Merthyr Education Committee ag- ainst 20 of the parents of the Dowlais Roman Catholic School children who had not attended school having in- creased the proceedings of the Merthyr Police Court on Tuesday, two courts were held, one under the presidency of Sir Marchant Williams, and the other under Aid. J. M. Berry. The summonses against the default- ing parents were taken before Sir Mar- chant Williams (Stipendiary), Mr. John Plews, and Dr. J. L. Ward. Mr. Douglas Twigg (Town Clerk's Office), instructed by Mr. Rhys Elias (Director of Education), prosecuted on behalf of the Education Committee and Mr. Sidney Simons defended the pa- rente. William Richard Davies, attendance officer, proved the absences, and said that the parents, had told him that they would not send their children to school until the Headmistress (Miss S. Kier- nan) been dismissed from the school. Mr. Simons (addressing the Bench): "Can you, sir (to Sir Marchant Wil- liams), in vour private capacity, help ueP" Ootttinuing, Mr. Simons said that the parent#) now refused to allow the child- ren to go to school. In November of last year the Managers and the Edu- cation Committee discussed the matter and came to a conclusion, and it was agreed that they should both en- deavour to get a public inquiry by the Board of Education into the matter in dispute. Accordingly the Corporation and School Managers both wrote to the Board of Education asking for an in- quiry to be held. The Board of Edu- cation replied that no inquiry could be held until the Corporation themselves first held an inquiry, and then, if ei- ther party were dissatisfied as the re- sult of that inquirv, they could appeal to the Board of Education as the 1I.na11 court of appeal in the matter. Upon the understanding that this inquiry was going to be held, the strike in No- vember ceased, and the children went back to school. Later on, when the Board of Bdu cation said they could not hold an inquiry, the Corporation asked the Managers of the school to submit to them their grievances against the headmistress. Accordingly, these griev- yicpfl were prepared and submitted in a proper written statement to the Edu- cation Committee, and on the state- ment of the managers were given the names of all the assistants employed in the school who were prepared to at- tend before the committee, and testify to the truth of the allegations made against the headmistress. That re- port was received by the Corporation, and subsequently a reply was sent to the Corporation by the headmistress. The Director's Statement. A meeting of the Education Commit- tee was held, Mr. Simons continued, and at the Committee a most curious course of procedure was adopted a course of procedure which I know, sir, will not appeal to you, either in your private or judicial capacity. The state- ment was presented to each member of the Corporation, and the Director of Education then made a statement to the Committee. He said he thought there was nothing in the charges. Then the Corporation Committee, without calling a single witness before them, said they were satisfied there was no- thing in the charges and refused to hold an inquiry at all. That resulted in the parents of the children taking the step of again ''striking." They said that they had not received such justice from the local authority that they ex- pected as a right, and that was their only means of bringing the matter to a head, and testifying in a public way what they thought of the action of the Corporation. They prevented their children from going to the school, and the Corporation instead of holding this inquiry, come here with quaisi-oriminal proceedings to compel their children to school. A Matter of Conscience. In one way it is a small ma-tter; in another it is a very serious matter. It iB a matter of conscience with these people. It is a wrong thing for a pub- lie authority to try and brow-beat these people against the dictates of their con- science by these proceedings. What I have to suggest to you is this. The parents want a proper inquiry. If the allegations are wrong, then it is in the interests of the mistress that she should be publicly exonerated from the serious charges made. If, on the other hand, the managers are right in the charges they have brought against her, she is not a fit and proper person to have the education of children in her charge. If the charges are right, she has been guilty of dis- honourable conduct- in her duties as headmistress, and if that be so. these parents are justified in refusing to al- kw their children to be taught by her. Could you not adjourn these cases and use your good office with the Cor- poration and try to get them to hold a public inquiry into the matter? The section says there must be habitual ne- glect without reasonable cause. On the section it can hardly be said there is habitual neglect to send these child- ren to school when the "strike" is a matter of days. Whether there be a reasonable casue or no depends upon whether the schoolmistress is a fit and proper person to conduct the teaching of these children or not. I put it to you from the standpoint of the people who have taken up this position. It is a fight for their con- science. and I would earnestly appeal to you to try and use your good offices in trying to effect an amicable settle- ment. SIR MARCHANT'S VIEWS. I do not see how I can," Sir Mar- chant replied. "If you ask me to intervene. I cannot intervene. as Sti- pendiary magistrate. This interven- tion on my part would mean, really, a vote of censure on the Education Au- thority. They have not thought it necessary to hold an inquiry, and I am asked now to say there must be an inquiry and it must be held. I can- not do that. I am quite familiar with all these little differences beween man- agers and teachers and sc hool boards. I have had a great deal to do with them in the past. In the first place, I should say the Education Authority is to decide. You cannot go behind that. Whether they hold an inquiry or no is their business. The parents and the school managers have absolutely no- thing to do whatever with the appoint- ment of teachers, or the dismissal of teachers. They may lodge a com- plaint against this teacher or head tea- cher. They cannot go further than that. Having made a complaint they have no option but to send the children to school. There is no defence. I should like very mcuh as a private in- dividual, if I could see the managers and teachers together. It is quite possible we might bring them together, but it is out of the sphere of mv power, and I do not think I should be right in exercising a power of that kind. On the Question of Conscience. I do not see how I can cfecide ques- tions of conscience. Half the people of Merthyr, if they decided upon con- science, would not send their children to school at all. It is a question of conscience that we pay rates even. It is against their conscience that they are brought before me to see. me at all. Th plea of conscience I cannot recog- nise." Mr. Simons: Possibly conscience was a bad word to use. "Religious oon- victions would be better. Sir Marchant: That is very much the same. I greatly respect the religious convictions of all men and women. No man respects them more than I do. I respect their convictions as much as I respect my own. Everybody should respect the religious convictions of oth- er people, but they cannot come here. You cannot bring these religious con- victions to bear upon a question of school attendance. I am very sorry it is so, but I cannot recognise them. I see your position, and I know you agree with me. There is no getting out of this. I Must Obey the Law. Mr. Simons: I can understand that on the proceedings at present taken by the Corporation, if they are pressed, you have no alternative but to make an attendance order agains every one of t?ese parents. I was confidently hoping that after my statement on be- half of the parents of these children that there might have been some move by Mr. Twigg which would have tended to end this dispute in Dowlais, instead of tending to make it still wider and more troublesome to the community. The Stipendiary: It can't be made much wider. Those people must obey the law whatever the consequences may be. My position is inevitable. The parents have nothing to do with the appointment or dismissal of teachers. I have known very serious charges brought against head teachers in Lon- don, but I have only known one case where they have proved to be true. I have not the faintest idea what the charges are here, but I assume they are charges which affect the religious conviction of the parenta. Mr. Twigg: With respect to those charges, the local authority went very fully into them, and they held them not to be substantiated. Mr. Simons said they came to a con- clusion without calling a single person who was ready to give evidence. Mr. Twigg: I do not propose to en- ter into the merits or demerits of that. The Stipendiary: There is no way out of this. The children must be sent to school. If I could meet Mr. Simons I would gladly do so for the sake of peace, but I cannot move in the matter at all, except to make an order that the children shall attend. Orders for Atendance Made. I The case of John Farr, 97 Brecon Street, Dowlais, was taken first. Mrs. Farr, who appeared, said that her child should not be sent to school until a proper inquiry was held. Each case was then shortly called and summarily dealt with by Sir Mar- chant. The parents of the boys had been proceeded against under the sta- tute but those of the girls under the bye-laws. Therefore, while attend- ance orders were made against the boys the parents of the girls were fined 5/- in each case. All the parents, on receiving the de- cision, replied to the effect that they would not send their children to school, and some of them declared that they refused to pay. Matt De Lacey. "I don't want to be guilty of con- tempt of court," said Mr. Matt De La- cey, but I don't intend to send my children to school until the Council fulfil the promiser made to the deputa- tion who met them in November last." I understand your position," said Sir Marchant, "but you must carry out the law." After all the oases had been disposed of, Mr. Simons again appealed to the Stipendiary to try and do something to bridge over the difficultv. The Stipendiary, in response, said he did not mind discussing the matter with Mr. Simons later in the week. Possibly," he added, "that might lead to something else." The following is a complete list of parents summoned: Timothy Callinan, Q4 Brecon Street, I Dowlais. Daniel McDonald, 26 Horse Street, Dowlais. Patrick O'Brien, 18 George Street, Bowlais. John Downey, 12 Brecon Street, Dowlais. Patrick Donovan, 20 Market Street, Dowlais. Cornelius Twomey, 4 East Street, Dowlais. Edward Connolly, 1 Mansfield Ter- race, Dowlais. Joseph Foley, 179 Gellyfaelog, Dow- lais. John Goode, 15 New Road, Dowlais. Dan O'Halloran, 37 Balaclava Road, Dowlais. James Griffin, 12 Edgar Street, Pen- ydarren. Jeremiah Cronin, 6 Church Street, Dowlais. Matt. De Lacey, 10 George Street, Dowlais. John Farr, 97 Brecon Street, Dowlais George Townsend, 6 Brecon Street, Dowlais. Patrick Lane, Wimborne Arms, Dow- lais. Maurice Bryan, 96 High St., Dowlais. John Dunn, 25 Gellyfaelog Terrace, Dowlais. J. Kellahar, 14 Greenfield Terrace, Penydarren. J. Jones, 7 White Horse Court, Pen- ydarren.
Merthyr Vale School Accommodation
Merthyr Vale School Accommodation. DIRECTOR'S REPORT I CONSIDERED. Ald. W. Lewis presided at a meeting of the Sites and Buildings Committee of the Merthyr Education Authority on Tuesday. Merthyr Vale School Accommodation. I Mr. Rhys Elias (Director of Educa- tion) su)bmitted his report as to the school accommodation at Merthyr Vale (published in a recent issue). In 1912, he said, the increase of scholars was 2.99; in 1913 it was 2.59. The increase was a constant one, but no great acce- leration was shown. If a big increase in building and population occurred, of course it would alter things; but in his opinion there was no justification for building a new school (as requested by the Board of Education). They could make certain re-arrangements, and it was a matter of spending, say, t4,000 on a new school or C500 in extensions. Coun. J. Harpur moved that the bo- rough Architect be instructed to pri- vide the Committee with an estimate of the cost of the suggested improve- ments and extensions to the Mount Pleasant School at Merthyr Vale, and that the Director be instructed to make a further report as to the re-arrange- ments necessary. Coun. Enoch Williams: With regard to the Mount Pleasant School, they should remember that they were suc- cessful in convincing the Council that this school was needed for the children of the district. They must not lose sight of the convenience of the children from the lower end of Merthyr Vale. The Director said that he had simply mentioned these points as suggestions; there was no finality about it. Coun. E. Williams: The question is, which of the schools would be the best to make preparations in? Would it not be better to make arrangements so as to provide for the future as well if extensions were to be carried out? The Chairman said it would be as convenient to go down to the Mount Pleasant School as to Merthyr Vale, and as a matter of fact it was a heal- thier spot. Mount Pleasant, as a matter of fact, was larger than was necessary. Coun. E. Williams: Why extend one more than the other? Director: Either we shall have too build a new school or accommodate the Mount Pleasant School. Coun. -Fenwick: I second Coun. Harpur. I certainly think we ought to grant consideration to the fact that we shall save E4,000 to the ratepayers. The resolution was carried. Caedraw Schools. A letter was read from the Board of Education inquiring what had been done in regard to the alterations re- quired. It was decided to reply ta. the effect that the matter was receiving the at- tention of the Committee. Edwardsvville School. I ? I it was reported that the Hdwards- ville School, which had undergone re- pairs as a result of the damage done by last year's cyclone, was ready for opening. Pant Mixed School. Revised plans were considered, and the Chairman remarked that the mat- ter should be deferred, as the Govern- ment had not paid them a sum of £ 2,000 in grants which they were legiti- mately entitled to last year. Coun. Francis: I move that we pro- ceed at once. I am rather surprised, Mr. Chairman, that you would punish the children because the Government are behind-hand. Chairman: The Board of Education have placed us in a very invidious posi- tion by depriving us of £5,()(X) during the last two years. Coun. E. Williams: This work will have to be done ultimately. We may as well do it now. Coun. Fenwick: I think we must build those classrooms. Coun. Francis: I move that the Ar- chi teet be instructed to submit com- plete plans and specifications. Coun. Harpur seconded, and it was carried. Treharris Manual Instruction Centre. Mr. Thackeray (Borough Architect) submitted alternative plans for the construction of the manual centre. One to cost L212; the other, which would include a domestic instruction room for girls as well, which would cot £ 510. Coun. Edwards moved that the first plan, which involved an expenditure of £ 212, be accepted. Coun. F. A. Phillips seconded, and it was carried. Queen's Road School. I An estimate for planting the school I grounds at a cost of £ 45 was also ap- I proved.
Merthyr Police Court 1
Merthyr Police Court. 1 TUESDAY. I Before Sir Marchant Williams, Dr. J. L. W. Ward, and Mr. John Plews. DRUNK AND DISORDERLY. I Thomas Marney was charged with be- ing drunk and disorderly in High Street, Caeharis, Dowlais.-P.C. Young said that the defendant was- making a loud noise and staggering against the children coming from chapel.—Fined 10/- and costs. Thpmas Frost, Dowlais. was sum- moned with being drunk and dis- orderly in Dowlais on Sunday, March 1st.—Fined 10/- and costs. Humphrev Beachy and Wm. Hugh Williams were charged with being drunk and disorderly in Caeharris, Dowlais, on Sunday last.—Fined 10/- and costs. STRIPPED TO THE WAIST. I George Morgan, Merthyr Vale, was charged with being drunk and dis- orderly in Penny Street on Saturday, 28th inst.—P.C. 45 said defendant was drunk and stripped to the waist.— Defendant said he had been coming to Merthyr for 28 years, and had never fallen before." He was very sorry, and would never drink again.—8ir Marchant: Oh, yes. They all say that I must fine you 10/- and costs. "I KNOW YOU WELL.' Redmond Coleman, Georgetown, was charged with being drunk and dis- orderly in High Street, Merthyr, on Monday, the 2nd inst.-P.C. 32 said the defendant was drunk and shouting in High Street, Merthyr, and after having repeatedly warned him he had to lock him up.—Sir Marchant (to de- fendant) I know you well Redmond. You are Hot at all well, you know. You a.re not as well as other people.—Defen- dant: How can I be well, sir, when these I only asked for my eight- pence back.—Sir Marchant Williams: Ah, well, I am only going to fine you 5/- this time.—Defendant: Thanks, sir. I haven't got it.—Sir Marchant: Well, you shall have time. "BEHAVED LIKE A MADMAN." I Annie Carey, Dowlais, was charged with being drunk, and also with assault- ing a constable in High Street, Penydarren, on Saturday, 28th Feb- ruary.—P.S. 45 said tkat he saw the defendant drunk in High Street, Peny- darren, on the day in question. When he spoke to her, she behaved like a madman, and hit his ear and struck him in th8 face.—Defendant admitted being drunk, and said she was very sorry.—Sir Marchant: Oh, yes; but this is a very serious assault. You must pay 10 j- and costs for being drunk, and 15/- and costs for assault- ing the constable. KNEW ALL ABOUT IT." Annie Hodges. Brecon Road, was charged with being drunk and dis- orderly in Brecon Road on the 19th February.-P.C. J. Jones said the de- fendant was going from public house to public house drinking. She was very disorderly.—Defendant started a long story about having been looking for her child, but Sir Merchant interrupted saying, Oh, yes; I know all about it. But that did not make you drunk. You must pay a fine of 15/ DRUNK AND DISORDERLY. I James Coombes, Merthyr Vale, was charged with beig drunk and disorder- ly at Edwardsville on the 21st ult. .Fined 10/- and costs. FILTHY LANGUAGE. I John O'Neill, Dowlais, was charged with using filthy language in Brecon Street Dowlais, on Saturday, the 28th February. A fine of 5/- and costs was imposed. FIGHTING. Dd. John Hall, Merthyr, as sum- moned for fighting in Castle Street on Saturday, February 21. Fined 10/- and costs. "TAKE DRUGS." I Margt. E. Jones. Aberfan, single wo- man, summoned Edward John Mitton in respec of a female child born at the Workhouse Infirmary. Mr. J. Pulliblank appeared for com- plainant. James Holder, Oakfield Street, Abr- fan, said that the complainant was as- sisting his wife in the house work du- ring June and July, 1912. He had had a conversation with Mitton, and Mitton admitted being the father, and told him to tell her to take drugs. An order for 3/6 a week and costs was made. STREET FOOTBALL. I A young lad named Richards was charged with playing football in The Avenue, top of Gwaelodygarth, on the 2nd inst. The Chief Constable said that he had received oomplaints about street lamps having been broken. Street football was becoming an intolerable nuisance in Merthyr. A fine 4o f 51 and costs was imposed. STORY OF A FIGHT. I William Williams and David Vaug- han, Oaeracca, were charged with fight- ing in Spring Terrace, Merthyr, on Monday, February 16th. P.S. Bevan said that he saw the de- fendant fighting and took their names and addresses. Vaughan said that he was coming down to Merthyr from Dowlais with his girl on the night in question when Wil- liams (or Strong) came up and struck him, and wanted him to fight. He oniv acted in self-defence. Sir Marchant: Have you any wit- nesses ? Defendant: Yes, sir. Margt. Brennan said that the de- fendant Vaughan was her "intended husband." She corroborated the story of Vaughan. Sir Marchant (to the defendant Wil- liams): What do you say about it? Williams: Nothing, sir. Sir Marchant Williams: Well, you can pay 40/- and costs, and Vaughan will be discharged. STOLEN BRASS. I James Elliott and Charles Lee were I charged with stealing a quantity of brass, the property of Mesars. Parfitt, I Caedraw, Merthyr. Det.-Sergt. Dove said that he visited a lodging-house in the district and found a sack containing 18 i.-Ibr,. of brass. Hill, who was in charge, said that Lee had put it there, but he did not know what was in it. P.C. J. Coles gave evidence of having arrested the prisoner Elliott, who, when charged, said, We both decided to sell it and divide the money bet- ween us." Prisoners were remanded.
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Pearl Assurance CoII BanquetI
Pearl Assurance Co. II Banquet. I MR. EDGAR JONES, M.P., AND I NATIONAL IDEALS. The annual St. David's Day ban- quet of the H. H. Division Mutual Association (Pearl Life Assurance Co.) was held at the Central Hotel last Sat- urday. Mr. F. D. Bowles, J.P., C.C. (one of the managing directors) was in the chair,and was supported by his Worship the Mayor (Coun. ly M. Lloyd), Mr. Edgar Jones, M.P., Mr. I. McMullen (director), and others. Speaking on "St. David, Our Patron Saint," the Mayor said he wished to speak in a national manner of a na- tional character on a national day. Be- cause of the work he had done for his country, St. David had become popu- lar and endeared to the people of Wales. It was St. David who intro- duced the monastic life into Wiles-t life that was extremely hard to follow. David was the only saint Wales had. The others were not saints, but were el- ders of the people and tribes, in virtue of which they were called saints. St. David was native born, while St. Pat- rick, St. Andrew, and St. George were aliens. This applied, also, he believed, to the saints of other nations, St. Da- vid being the only native saint. The great fault with Wales in the past had been the dissension and division amongst the people. Welsh history told them that the failures to accom- plish great things had been brought ab- out entirely by division and dissension. To-day Wales was not so divided. They were more united, and were fulfilling their duties among the nations. There were bands of patriotic Welshmen at home and abroad making names for themselves and for the nation. (Ap- plause.) Mr. Edgar Jones, M.P., claimed for modern Wales an adhesion to the ideals of old Wales. Whatever history might have to record about the birth. life and work of St. David, one fact stood out clearly that he was an idealist. He arose in the middle ages when the Sax- ons were still last in paganism, before St. Augustine came to convert the English. It was an age when men were engrossed entirely in the struggle for existence, and St. David called men to a life of unselfishness, a life of con- sideration for others, a life of the al- truistic type. It was very necessary, therefore, that they should come to- gether to acknowledge adhesion still to him as the patron saint of Wales. It was not foolish to bring back, year af- ter year, the remembrance of the fact that they were Welshmen, and that this man was their patron saint. He knew that there were people who did not understand the Welshman, who were rather cynical of this celebration, and seemed to suggest that sentiment- alism is vain, and that idealism in this age was worthless. They had heard the aphorism that business is busi- ness, what's sentiment got to do with ne.ss, Modern business would be chaotic were it not for the fact that certain ideals and Christian principles had be- come the working organism of the life of the people. For that was the cha- racteristic of principle, that the feature of an ideal, that in course of time it became the working organism that made society possible, and it became so commonplace in its working, that people forgot it existed as an ideal. Had it ever occurred to them that insurance was unthinkable in any non-Christian country ? They could not get it there. They could not have the idea of insurance. Insurance was nothing else than the old primitive command, given long ago by the great- est idealist. that we should love one another. Mr. Jones proceeded to plead for an j ideal towards which all Welshman should press.
Cooperation for the Army I
Co-operation for the Army. I The Canteen and Mess Co-operative Society has done good pioneer work in showing that co-operation is not im- possible in the Army. But it has had to oonduct its operations within the existing contract system, and on the whole we think distinct co-operative so- cieties for each regiment is the real solution of the difficulty. Co-opera- tive News."
Day by Day
Day by Day. A labourer charged before the Hartismere. Suffolk, magistrates with stealing a hen's egg, was ordered to pay 15/ including costs. An inquest was held on Wednesday on two skeletons found in the Maypole Pit, near Wigan, where seventy-five men were killed by an explosion in 1908.. Ontario will possess the second largest steel centre in the world. The United Steel Corporation proposes to erect at Sandwich a plant costing £ 4.000,000. Mr. James Madge, landlord of the White Swan Hotel, Crediton, nean Exeter, was killed while crossing the rails at Crediton Station by the Ply- mouth to Exeter express. Lord Denman, the retiring Governor- General of the Commonwealth of Aus- tralia, will leave for England by the Orient liner "Orvi," sailing from Melbourne on May l. Miss L. Fitt was robbed on Wednes- day of a valuable pearl necklace, a diamond brooch, ana other valuables, which were taken from High Wood House, Upper Marylebone. Beckenham Urban District Council have decided to start the experiment of family bathing at their public baths fJ8 Saturday afternoons, between two and five, in the summer months. Juan Vasquez, of Loyola, Spain, died after following the prescription of a witch doctor, who had advised him, a8 a cure for a stomach complaint, to swallow two revolver cartridges. Mme. Pom Pom," a musical comedy composed and written by Muriel Pollock, a sixteen-year-old street newspaper hawker, was success- fully produced at Kockaway, New Jersey. No fewer than 10,000 people used the new escalators at Charing Cross (Em- banlrhient) Station on Monday. Be- fore the installation of the escalators 8,000 passengers represented an aver- age day's traffic. A representative of a CJerkenweH firm of jewellers, Messrs. Masters, while lunching in the Tiger Hotel, Camberwell Green, was robbed of tife bag containing t700 worth of jewellery which he had placed on a chair near hfm. Among the commercial ventures of Mr. Herbert Samuel Sanguinetti, who was publicly examined at the London Bankruptcy Court on Wednesday, were patent processes for making seamless barrels, manufacturing tram tickets and playing cards, embalming corpses, and straining paper pulp. Mr. T. K. Charlton, hosier and ath- letic outfitter, of Argyll Street, Glasgow, lies in Nottingham Hospital in a grave condition through falling from the Glasgow to London Midland express at Toton Sidings, near Not- tingham. He opened the carriage door imagining he was stepping into the C-ori-icipr. The West End Hospital for Nervous Diseases, Welbeck Street, W., is to be moved to a new home, either in North- umberland Street, Marylebone Road, or in Vincent Square, Westminster at the rear of the Royal Horticultural Hall. The cost of building the new hospital is estimated at between £ 40,000 and £ 50,000. Houses at Hythe have recently been renumbered, and several objec- tions have been raised against No. 13 oh the ground that it is unlucky. At a meeting of the Town Council on Wednesday several letters of protest were read, one writer complaining that he could not get any visitors at his house if he used that particular num- ber. Vast reservoirs of helium are in ex- istence, according to M. Moureu, the distinguished French scientist. In a. communication to the Academy of Sciences, he declares that helium is to be found in fire-damp. He calculates that the French mines of Anzin, with their daily output of 30,000 cubic metres of fire-damp, produce 4,000 cubic metres of helium a year. Two more suspected cases of foot- and-mouth disease are reported from T'ogher and Ballygarvvan, both in the Cork ural district, and quite near that city. Owing to orders stopping the movements of cattle, the food supply of the city is seriously threatened, and it is estimated that the quantity of meat at the disposal of the butchers will not last over Wednesday.
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