Collection Title: Merthyr Pioneer
Institution: The National Library of Wales
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WAR NOTES. I HAPPENINGS AT HOME & ABROAD. I TRULY, CAPITALISM IS I COSMOPOLI I-AN. The -French battleship Leon Gam- betta," sunk a little while ago in the Dardanelles, was torpedoed by an Austro-Hungarian submarine U5. The Do was built by the firm of White- head and Co., of Weymouth and Fiume. Associated with Whitehead it Co. are Messrs. Vickers, Ltd. The two torpedoes which ank the "Leon Gambetta" and drowned 60u French- men also performed another feat. They put money into the pockets of British shareholders. Have you got the idea, reader? There is British capitalists' money in practically all European armament firms. For further information on this interesting subject read Newbold's pamphlet, obtainable at "Onr Shop," 74a PontmorJais. • On the lCtli July, 1914. according to the London "Times" of that date. Admiral Sir Percy Scott expressed himself at a meeting in London as in full accord with the present policy of the German submarines. Comment- ing on a letter from a foreign naval officor. read at the meeting, in which I such a campaign as Germany is now waging, was clearly outline J condi- tional on a formal declaration having been previously made (Germany com- plied with this condition), Scott said: "I regard this declaration as perfectly legitimate, a.nd, having boen officially announced, it would not avail British and neutral ships who disregarded it, to assert that they were pursuing a peaceful course (such as Lord Sydenham) a speaker of the evening) referred to. If they were sunk in their under- taking, it COULD NOT BE HPGARDED as a relapse into BARBARISM AND PIRACY of the blackest sort. If Lord Syden- ham desires to consult reports on the treatment, during the Ameri- can Civil War. of vessels which tried to enter Charleston in disregard of the blockade, I think he will find that the BLOCKADING CRF Hms SCRU- PJÆD TO FXRE ON THE SHIPS WHICH THEY WERE CHASING OR TO DRIVE THE?.' AGROUND AND TIT:! N OVER- WHELM THEM WITH SHOT AND SHELL AFTETi THEY WERE ASHORB. MINES AND THE SUBMARINE TORPEDO WILL CONSTITUTE A NEW HORROR OF FU- TURE WARS." What do you think of that? Forward." • ft EVICTION OF SOLDIER S WIFE. Sir,—Would you kindly publish this letter in your valuable paper, as I think it will prove an eye-opener to some of the good citizens of Glasgow. When Britain mobilised in August, I was a Reservist, 8 years witi., the col- ours, in the R.F.A., and was in my last three months when the war star- ted. I am married, and there is one child. "Now, I have been out here since September 9, and my wife has been looked after, as far as the allowance goes, with the exception 01 seven weeks last year, when she didn't re- ceive a penny through some mistake, but we will let that go in the mean- time. However, things have now come to a. head, for on March 18 my wife got a notice from the factors to the effect that the Soldiers' and Sailors' Association had ceased to be respont- sible for the payment of soldiers' rents. "It was added if she didn't pay a month's rent in advance she would be evicted. She wrote out here and told me, and I replied they couldn't evict her. However, on April 26, she was evicted, although her rent was paid up to the 28th. That means to say my wife was thrown on to the street, homeless, with a baby a year old. while I am here, and cannot do any- thing to help her, because I am only a soldier. I have sent you the notice, with the factor's name, which v. ill explain for itself. Hoping I have not taken up too much of your valuable space. "I am, yours sincerely, Driver H. JOHNSTONE (27960), 2nd Bde., A.C., 6th Div Expedi- tionary Force, France." —" Forward." • ft "The following is a translation of a leaflet issued by German Socialists on May Day. The authorities seized the leaflet:— Enough of war! Give peace to the peoples! Nine months of war have called for unheard-of-sacrifices in motley and in blood. Germany has already a war debt of 20,000,000.000 marks ( £ 1.000.000.000), and up to February .8 had ..nor' than 1,050,000 killed and wourded. For seven months the war, which in the opinion of competent men, is al- ready decided, remains as it was. To what good, therefore, are further f.acn ces ? In Russia, Servia. Eng- land, France. Germany, in all the oovu) tries, peoples are for peace. The Press hoodwim; the peo- ple by passing over these facts in s ilence, or by denying them. Those small groups of war industrials which pocket millions and raise the eost of living, they alone encourage the war. The peoples wish for I peace. AN ANSWER WANTED. I In an open letter to the late Lord Chancellor regarding his recent refe- rences to Conscription, < writer in the "Bradford Pioneer" says: You said—" Wq are fighting for a canse for which it becomes more and more clear that we ought to lay down everything we possess in the world." Will you do it? Will you promise that if I put my all into the balance you WI a do the same? Can you persuade your weal- thy friends to cast all their posses- sions into the scale, so that those who win it back may share equally of that which they have won? Ye gods. what a. vision! My Lord, can you persuade the "men in posses- sion" to do that? There are thou- sands and thousands now at the front who have staked their all Without a soverign or [1 yard of land to defend, they have gone to defend what belongs to you and your class. You may well praise them. All they have in the world has gone into the balance against -Fatc-. Dare you follow? do not be- lieve in making martyrs. I would not attempt to discredit their sac- rifice in winning for us such freedom as we have. But martyrioni proves not so much the strength of the mar- tyr, as the stupidity of those who accomplish their martyrdom. Yet if I may have the slightest sign that your words are anything more than windy verbiage, I will volun- teer." • • INCREASED TAXATION- i The current issue of the "Statist," emphasises the necessity for every one economising. It is pointed out that we are borrowing sums that would have been thought utterly im- possible and incredible 12 months ago, and it calls on the Government to take "bold action and to impose fresh taxation at once to compel the coun- try to economise." May we suggest that Mr. Philip Snowden's advice, to the Chancellor of the Exchequer, as outlined in his speech in the House of Commons on May 12, be taken, and a tax of 151- m the £ be pu,t on very large in- comes ? Mr. Sndowen said: We must re- verse our ideas of imposing taxation. In the past we have lookad at what we were taking from a man, to a great extent regardless of what was left. Now we shall have to say that no mall shall be left with a certain am- ount, and that we are gomg to take the rest." » HOW DARE THEY? Mr. Dudley Docker. Chairman of the Metropolitan Carriage, Waggon & Finance Co., Ltd., addressing the annual meeting of shareholders, reg- retted that their workmen had al- lowed themselves to ask for a war bonus, but believed they were not at all happy in putting the request forward, and that they withstood for a long time the pressure which had been brought to bear upon them from other quarters." After getting this "off bis chest," he proceeded to allocate a profit of £ 439,009. including £ 118,000 brought forward, by declaring a dividend of 121 per cent., and a further bonus of 1/- per share, with £ 50,000 carried to reserve. If the 1/- per share is net a war j bonus, what is it?
Congratulations to Mr. Tlrgh Jones (of the Dowlais Central Schools) on his appointment as headmaster of the Mount Pleasant School. His is a personality that will be missed by the Labour movement if his elevation to that position will mean his removal to another Quarter of the borough. He has made a large Tiumbr of friends during his 23 years' residence amongst us. His work on behalf of the more unfortunate class when a member of the Merthyr Board of Guardians w' not be forgotten. Naturally his activ- ity in the Labour movement created for him many enemies. He has a natu- ral abhorrence for anything that is not straightforward and above board. We wish him every go;xi fortune in his new post. » The public of Dowlais are intensely interested as to the actual locality of the sites uggested by the Borough Council for a recreation ground for Dowiais, and how it is going to be laid out. I may s3y the site sn?ested k on the lef? of Ta?yr-Etai! railway, the field behind, up to the end of the limestones, altogether about 8 acres m extent. How it is to be laid out re- mains to bo seen, but if the public of Dowlais will onvl remind their repre- sentatives on the Council that they re- quire the same goodwill show 1 to Dow- lais as has been given to Merthyr, with its bowling greens, tennis courts and other recreative facil—ies, they may get something done.
TO-MORROW MAY RE TOO LATE I Get a Box TO-DAY! "Robert Ktics, of Weyhndgo, wntes: "Aher I had taken Ibe second two T felt better than I had d01e for over four years. The pain in my back had entireiyg'?e. Mrs. KinR. Tvimweli Road, Wick- ford. "Nlr?. Ki' ng. i?tinwell Ro?ifl, fc)r(i state? entirely g,)ne- N'oiir I)ills etire(i ine after 3,czirs of 11,¡n." Sufferers ft(m Gravel, Lumbago, Pains ill the Back, Dropsy, Rnght's Disease of the Kidneys, ate., Sciatica, Rheumatism, and Gout, will find a positive cure in Hold, oyd s Gravel Pills. Is. I'?d., ail chemists: post free, 12 stamps. HOLDROYD'S Medical Hall, Cleckheaton.. v
Trade Union Notes
Trade Union Notes. By TRADE UNIONIST. The London Tramway men, on Sat- urday last, informed the L.C.C. and the Metropolitan Electric Tramway Co., through the Chairman of their Joint Strike Committee, that they were prepared to resume work on the following day. The conditions upon which they consented were, that im- mediately upon resumption of work, the officers of the Council and of the M.E.T. were to deal with the men's claims, and if no agreement was rea- ched, the claims were to be brought before a Court of Arbitration. The L.C.C. had previously declared their readiness to accept these conditions, and further intimated their willing- ness to give facilities for the quick working of the necessary procedure. The men presented themselves for work on the following morning, but to their amazement found that all tramway employees of the Council be- tween the ages of 21 and 40 were not to be reinstated. The result naturally was that the rest of the men sponta- neously refused to resume work, and the London public have still further to be inconvenienced. By this action the L.C.C. have plac- ed themselves in line with the very worst type of employer in the country, and that is saying a good deal. They have demonstrated that no faith can be placed in their pledged word, and, further, they have practically put in- to force a particularly obnoxious form of conscription a form which has been resorted to only by the mean- est and most despicable employers of labour. It should be borne in mind, too, in this connection, that among the blacklegs employed by the L.C.C. during the strike were many men of military age, and even some enemy aliens. m The authorities of* the Metropolitan Electric Tramways Co. had more sense and refrained from adopting any such disgraceful methods of revenge upon the strikers as the L.C.C., with the result that their service of trams is in full working order. The strike of the L.C.C. tramway men continues, and is likely to continue for some time. or until such time as the Council sees fit to withdraw their provoking order. m There are one or two lesions thrust upon Trade Unionists in this conflict. In the first place, there was a la- mentable lack of unity displayed am- ong the men and their leaders, aris- ing out of the fact that there were too many Unions catering for them. instead of one strong, efficient Union linking them together, there were more than half-a-dozen, all of them necessarily weak and comparatively inefficient. A multiplicity of Unions does not mean good organisation. The London tramway men, then, will do well in the future—and this can be said of many other bodies of workers -to have fewer Unions and more un- ity. Another lesson taught us is that the workmen must assert themselves at the polls. One of the most sense- less things that I know of is this of the working men preparing to trust larg' e employees of labour of ifie vari- ous professions, or successful trades- men with the responsibilities of local government, rather than men of their own class and outlook. They know that these men fleece them most un- mercifully in the industrial and com- mercial world; they know c uite well that these have to be watched and fought outside the Council. And how workmen ca,n bring themselves to be- lieve in their special fitness to Took after the mjinicipal interests of work- men passes my comprehension. • • » Things are wearing a very serious aspect in the cotton industry in Lan- cashire. Some of the card room opera- tives in one mill struck wcrk to en- force their claim for a 10 per cent. war bonus, whereupon the employees threatened to render idle all the mills. This means that the whole of the operatives in the spinning mills and the weaving sheds will be locked out. The 160,000 men thus rendered idle are not likely to submit nieekly to this ultimatum of the master spin- ners' Federation, and already the Spinners' Amalgamation have decided that, immediately on receipv of the lock-out notices, they will claim a 10 per cent. war bonus. The Weavers' Amalgamation, in all probability, will adopt the same course. If the ootton operatives of Lancashire had resolved to go on strike, one can imagine the outcry that would be raised in certain quarters. Every capitalist paper in the Kingdom would be shouting about the "traitors" and the "slackers," but a decision by the employers to lock out 160.000 men has hardly raised a pro- test. • » ft Organised workmen all over the country are demanding increased wa- ges. Indeed, all the Trade Unions of the country are almost entirely occu- pied in this particular direction. Re- turns from employers and Trade Un- ions reveal the fact that in March of this year there occurred 74 new dis- putes, and ;n April 44 new disputes. Np?rly all of these disputes arose on demands for avdances in wages. tl ,?ina n d ?; for av d?iiiee,?; in v, t Z es, It is interesting to learn that, based on the 'same returns during the four months ending April ¿.O, 1915, the I total number of workpeople whose 1 rates of wages were reported as having been changed was 982 740 (exclusive, of miners), and the net effect of the changes an increase of £ 133,537 per week. These amounts are also exclu- sive of increased earnings dn-; to over- time. and also of changes affecting ag- ricultural labourers, seamen, railway servants, police, and Government em- ployees. It is known, however, that, considerable bodies of workpeople in these occupations have receiv- ed increases since he beginning of the year. but the numbers are not available. The South Wales Conciliation Board have, held their first meeting to consider a new wage agreement to replace the old one, which terminates in June of this year. A fui 1 her meet- ing has been arranged for June 9.
War The Art of the Devil
War: The Art of the Devil. I v. I CONSCRIPTION. I By Philip Frankford. In their devilish work of making war, the militarist require, among other things, ammunition and food for cannon. By imposing heaving tax- es on the workers' victuals they ob- tain the first; by driving men into the army, whether they will or no, the fodder for the cannon is also gained. Sometimes we have heard people express wonderment at the fact that we have no conscription in this coun- try. We think there are two plain facts to explain this. The British are born bullies. Small boys start "opera- tions" at school at the expense of other "kiddies." For fighting, the large majority of Englishmen are ready under any pretext. The second reason is that capitalist development is further advanced in this country thany any other country save America (where there is also no conscription). And our capitalists have wanted slaves more than soldiers, in order that their exploitation and profits might not suffer. as assuredly they would when their men had to leave offices, factories and workshops for military training. And we must re- member we have the most cunning crew of men in Europe over us. Men who do not hesitate to rob their fellow-beings in war time. Food sharks who are out for hirr dividends, small loaves, and business as usual." But the sands of voluntary enlist- ment. are running out. Certain capita- lists can for the present do with less men hands, and the cute idea of em- ploying women, girls, and even child- ren, at starvation wages, and thus making business better than ever, has come to them. So conscription may ar- rive now at any time. The militarists have been shrieking it for some time now. Their work consists of "leaving the enemy with nothing but his eyes to weep with." To achieve this noble end three or four million or more lives must always be ready to be sacrified at a moment's notice. Now, the argument of the conscrip- tionist is this: Sooner or later your country (which you don't own) may be in "danger" you must be prepar- ed to defend this with your life, if necessary—i.e., every able bodied individual who has the misfortune to be born in a capitalist. Christian, and civilised state. You may disapprove of organised murder on ethical, political. or religious grounds: You are not the judgie. We (the militarists) are. You may think you are entitled to say for what you shall lay down your life. You have no rights at all. We have picked the quarrel; you shall settle the dispute or do the fighting. You may consider you do not care to fight a-gainst those you have no disagreement with; you may talk of murder. All this is not for you to consider. You are to consent to become a. murderer. And in war time you are to be content to live like an animal underground in a filthy state, maybe for years, if you are not killed, and pass your time in an undescribable reign of hell. Your nerves may be shattered, your health broken, your limbs amputated, or you may die like a dog in a ditch—the conscript has no option. He only obeys the voice of his militarist master. And this is the age of civilisation, the era of liberty, the liberty of individuals. which we have been told Socialism will destroy. We have nothing to say agains voluntary enlistment. If a man thinks he has something to de- fen d, if he is ready to give his life for his capitalist masters, all well and good; let him voluntarily surren- der it. But with the conscriptionist we have a different tale to tell. To the man who would force the landless and disinherited, we ask these ques- tions — You demand that I, who have no- thing, shall die for my country. Where is my country? I do not own an inch of land, and if I am out of work and starving, my country does nothing for me. Do you not know that half the wealth of England is held by one-fifteenth-hundred part of the population, and ten-elevenths of the land in Britain belongs to 176.920 persons ? Surely these 176,520 persons ought tc do all the fighting and risk their lives; or maybe the 25,000 only who leave at death at least £ 20.000 might suffice in this direction. Any rate. 939 cut of 1.000 die without leaving any- thing worth mentioning. Apart from the tyranny of forcing people who do not believe In war into the army, there is the business point of view. If. n statistics show, the large majority ir this country leave behind them no- thing worth speaking of at death, and in life have nothing worth defending, why should they be forced to fight for those who have all the good hings r Again, we say nothing ag- ainst the voluntary system of re- cruiting. though. through economic I pressure, many have been forced into the army; but we do think that in t the devilish work of the militarist a man ought to be free to choose whe- ther or not he will enter into the slaughter. Militarists are nothing if not cun- ning; but their cunning is part of the Devil's creed. In this. the "War for Liberty." we silently watc.ii every shred of freedom go. First, the sweeping away of the privileges given us by Magna Charter and the Petition o. Right Act. then conscription. The era of militarism is always one of reaction in every branch of life. War and things military are by their champions said to be a "healthy me- dicine for humanity." They should be described a.s the "Devil's tonic." And whoever drinks of the same become a.s wolves knowing neither right or wrong, caring only for themselves or their interest, real or imagined. De- scending step by step until the steep descent to hell is reached, and the bottomless pit of evil lies yawning in front of them. Militarism—no matter what school it belongs to-is the sci- ence of the devil, the very essence of every kind of evil that man has ima- gined or practised. It is without one single redeeming feature. And those who are part of the system are lower than the animals. No wonder men have to be dragged by conscription into this hell.
The Flora of Merthyr I Tydfil I
The Flora of Merthyr Tydfil. ——— *By RICHARD DAVIES (Certi- ficated Teacher). I.—FLORA. H I I ihe flora of Merthyr Tydfil is not yet fully recorded, although valuable contributions have been made to- wards it by Messrs. G. Fleming, M.A., and J. Evans. F.L.S., H.M.I.S., of Merthyr; Mr. Riddles- dell, of Aberdare; and Mr. B. A. Williams of Penderyn, and others. The critical species of the willow. groundsel, and speedwell await fur- ther investigation, particularly in the Merthyr district. Were the en- closures at Cyfarthfa to be searched they would undoubtedly reveal many specimens not hitherto identified in this locality. In Merthyr Tydfil there are up- wards of 800 species, varieties, and segregates of plants to be obtained. Deducting from this number about 300 plants which flourish generally throughout Glamorgan, we have up- wards of 420 uncommon flowering plants and upwards of 80 varieties of ferns, which may fairly be classed in our local flora. The lower crypto- gams are very unmerous, but have not been systematically identified as yet. Distribution of Plants. I In Merthyr the bulk of the plants mentioned here arc to be found on the slopes of the Aberdare mountain and the low-lying land stretching thence to the river Taff. The district is bounded on the other sides by the village of Penrheolgerrig and the curves of the Great Western Railway to the Tunnel under Aberdare moun- tain. Following this district in order of greatest variety and profu- sion come the Goitre Lane and Owm- Ffrwd. The Vaynor Woods, Gwm Glais, and Mountain Hare yield many rare plants. In the Aberdare valley the greatest variety and pro- fusion of wild flowers appear to exist in and around Cwmbach. Hirwain is also well blessed in this respect. I Nature of Flora, I I The surface rocks of the district are mainly carbonifereus or of lime formation, hence the plants wjiich flourish best » lime soil form the I distinguishing feature of our flora. A modifying factor is found in the presence here of the coal measures. The construction of numerous min- eral lines through what was once a purely woodland part of the district has increased rather than diminished the variety of species. There are copses and open spaces in abund- ance remaining between and above these lines to retain fairly fully the stock of native plants. Hence the banks and rubbish tips bordering these lines exhibit a wealth of hawk- weeds, trefoils, and other plants which thrive in such soil. Our Plant Season. In recent years the weather has been generally mild in January. Be- fore the end of the month the leaves of the dock, nettle, chickweed, cross- wort, and honey-suckle are well ad- vanced. Moreover, the flowering groundsel and the ripening hazel and willow catkins further aid in heralding spring. But, alas in February generally the frost appears and checks the development of plant life. So the field botanist has to wait until on in March for the flowering of the butter-bur, the whitlow-grats and the coifs-root, before being r, assured that the roll of plant life here is well begun. He will be kept sufficiently busy from now on until the middle of August, when the flowering of the sowort declares the close of the season's growth. Owing to the higher altitude of this district and the consequent cli- matic conditions, the development of plant life is later here than in the Midlands and the South of England. In most British floras the calendars correspond with the times at which the plants make their appearance in 1 those districts. So. taking an aver- age year like 1910, we find that the plants marked in the calendars for February and March appear here about a month later, and those marked for April three weeks later. Those marked for Jrine and the first part of July require another fort- night to flower, while the remaining plants vary from a week or a fort- night from the times stated. Woodland Plants, etc. Let us now briefly refer to some of the plants, noting the localities where they more particularly prevaij. Owing to the space at our disposal being strictly limited, we must ex- clude from our list many equally in- teresting and uncommon plants. Those selected are either rare, ex- hibit variety of form, variety and richness of colour, or possess inter- esting associations with insect life and physical environment. They are grouped in accordance with the nature of their habitats, viz.. wood- land, semi-woodland, waste places and mineral rubbish heaps. rocks, and dry uplands. marsh and water, and lastly the goiiie of the ferns and other cryptogams. Of woodland plants. we have ill the Cwm Woods the valerian, musk- mallow, and musk-mullein; also the wood vetch and tufted vetch, the two most ornamental vetelic-s belonging to the British flora. The Welsh poppy and stone bramble are rare. They are to be seen together with the Marjoram and spurge laurel be- tween the Dowlais quarry and the railway at Vaynor. The primrose, lily of the valley. Solomon's seal. black and white bryonies, and wood spurge are found in aynor. while the toothwort and herb-paris are well established near the Glais Caves. The climbing corydalis may be seen in the pine trees between Cyfarthfa Castle and the Gurnos .Farm, and the berry-bearing alder at Glyndyrys and Gethin. The yellow pimpernel and wood sanicle abound in Cwm Ffrwd. The moneywort exists there also. In the upper part of the valley the nar- row-leaved garlic and mercury appear in great profusion. In hedges and on the borders of woods we have the wild basil, mos- chatei, bird cherry, and the small five-cleft scabious in the Goitre Lane. The meadow crane's-bill, white mea- dow saxifrage, bistort, and the suc- cory obtain in Cwm Glais, while the greater knapweed graces the hedge beyond the Ynysfach coke ovens. The danewort is well established in a hedge near Glyndyrys Lock. There is a large variety of grasses everywhere. We have observed forty in and around the Goitre Lane. We can only mention a few uncom- mon ones—the wood melic, soft creeping, downy oat. hairy brome, and wood meadow grasses. It is worth one's while to pay a visit to Mountain Hare. The elegant touch-me-not or balsam, with its yellow fingers, tinged with orange, grows here. Here also flourish the henbane. greater calamint, balm, and greater celandine, together with the red and yellow poppies. The butcher's broom may be seen in a hedge near Thomastown Park. Of plants which thrive best in more open spaces, we must only mention a few. In the Cyfarthfa Park may be seen the lesser periwinkle (its only habitat), ivy-leaved speedwell, and the white campion. The rosebay luxuriates here. The corn-spurrey grows freely below the station in Pontsticyll. In concluding this sec- tion we must mention the existence here of the narrow-leaved hemp nettle, evening primrose, fumitory, white beam, wild cherry, gean. and the hornbeam. The latter may be seen near the Cyfarthfa Church. Rubbish and Mineral Heaps. On the numerous mineral rubbish heaps certain plants grow in great profusion. The stinking groundsel and mayweeds (including one without ray florets) seem to predominate. AA e have also the mullein, white everlasting, common caidweed (filago) and goat's beard. The hawkweed s abound, particularly the mouse-eat, cat's-ear, and orange varieties. The viper's bugloss and yellow melilot axe to be seen at Caedraw. The yellow figwort, the rarest and loveliest of the family, may be found here also, while the yellow fleabane thrives on the coal above Ynysfach furnaces. The teasel-headed trefoil (a ballast plant) and the narrow-leaved hawk- weed appear on a stone heap near the canal bridge at Rhydycar Junction, while the rare blue toadflax grows on a bank near Llwyncelyn Junction. On a bank near Xant Rhyd-y-car grow the fennel and a foreign ally of the tufted horseshoe-vetch. The lat- ter seems well established, and is one of the hondsomest plants we have here. The waste ground in from. of the cottages above this brook yields many ballasts and escapes. The peren- nial flax, annual knawel and canary- grass have established themselves. We have also seen the corn-spirrey, a yellow-horned poppy, green hellebore. copse buckwheat, and sev-eral foreign vetches with beautiful leaves and flowers. Several ballast plants also appear on the large ash tips near the railway at Abercanaid. may 00 seen the least toadflax and a bushy, browrn. rough lip flower, which is very attractive. "Re-printed from the Democrat's Handbook to Merthyr." published at 2d. "Our Shop." 74a Pontsiorlais.