Collection Title: Merthyr Pioneer
Institution: The National Library of Wales
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The Menace of MilitarismI
The Menace of Militarism. I TWO REMARKABLE BOOKS BY I BRUCE GLASIER. CONSCRIPTION MEANS AUTOCRACY I RAMPANT. The two new additions to the I.L.P. Lab- our and the War" pamphlets just published, Militarism" and "The Peril of Conscription," both from the pen of that staunch lighter, J. Bruce Glasier, ought to find a place in every British home where the freedom of our land is regarded as of the slightest importance nay, even the homes of the Junkers will be incom- plete without a well-thumbed copy of eath of the thought-provoking. knowledge-dispensing booklet*. The Pink Form canvasser who cannot return a straight answer to the indictments contained within the 50 odd pages which Glasier has so well filled with meat for the mind will be at a disadvantage which we would not per- sonally place any worker in the canvasser who can return that answer would require a know- ledge or a sophistry so garguantian that he would be unusual, to say the least of it. I remember in the days of the past, when the. insiduous work of the Militarists of Britain had carried them so far as a Commission that James Anson Fairer put out what was regard- ed as one of the best attacks upon the Con- ecriptionist position t4iat had been made, and in manv ways these books of Glasier's re-call the best that Farrer did. with this important difference: that while Farrer was dealing with a purely acaedmic problem. Glasier has had to face the task of fighting a very real me- nace and a country, the civic courts in which. have been surrendered to the militarists. The ta-sk was a great one, and we are proud of the fact that we are members of the Party which has produced the indictment that lies before us, though, as a general rule, we are not proud of r&fiected glory. ￼ most i-eniai- k-a b l,- "Militarism perhaps the most remarkable pennvworth in the history of the Biitish Pi ess, is historical
Making a Permanency I
Making a Permanency. I CHAIRMANSHIP OF WATCH COM- MITTEE TAKEN FROM MAYOR. DECISION OF MERTHYR COUNCIL. On the score of efficiency, Ald. Lewis moved, at Tuesday's meeting of the Borough Council, that hi. future the Chairmanship of the Watch Committee should be an independent appoint- ment held by a member of that Committee, and not by the Mayor as hitherto. He put for- ward the name of Coun. D. W. Jones as the new chairman. Coun. liotirpui- the Mayor-elect, supporting the motion, said it would relieve him, and he would personally be pleased if the Council could see its way to fall in with Ald. Lewis' sugges- tion. Goun. Enoch Morrell, speaking in favour of the retention of the present system, said that the Mayor had been the Chairman of the Com- mittee for the past eight or nine years, and the work had always been entirely satisfactory. He could not see that the police force was going to be any more efficient under the new order than under the present system, especially in view of the fact that the Mayor was the chief magistrate of the borough, and was in close touch with the Chief Constable from time to time. He could not see why the matter had been introduced now. He had always looked to the office as part of the Mayoral appointment. Was there any hope, or any reasonable hope, that an argument would be put forward that any bet-torment would be forthcoming from the adoption of the resolution just moved? He believed that the administration was excellent, and compared favourably with any County Borough which could oe brought forward for comparison with it, and he thought that hav- ing the Chief Executive acting with the Chief C011 stable gave it a standing and a readiness for action that they could not have under any in- dependent chairman. He certainly hoped that the office would remain with the Mayor as in the past, and lie had no doubt that the Mayor- elect was quite equal to all the duties that lie might be called upon to perform as Chairman of this Committee. The proposer of the resolu- tion had given no reasons to show that the al- teration proposed made for efficiency or cur- tailment of expenditure, and it might possibly act to the detriment of the foi-ce. Aid. Lewis had urgecr earner in the afternoon that they would, in adopting this course, be fol- lowing the example of Cardiff, Swansea and Newport, and had further declared that the holding of the office by a man who could occupy the) seat from year to year would make for effi ciencv. He had also declared that this year £ 2,000 had been added to the cost of the force, a statement which the Mayor denied. His Worship also declared that the Merthyr force was the cheapest run force in Wales, a state- ment which was borne out by many of the uicmNjers present. Aid. Thomas, in supporting the naotion that Coun. 1). W. Jones should be the Chairman of the Watch Committee, said he did so because it had been pointed out that in having an inde- pendent chairman they would be following the example of larger towns and larger forces. He thought that a member of that Committer who was likely to be successively Chainmm of that Committee for some years would add to the ef-I ficiency of the force and its better administra- tion. Admitting all that was said about the cheapness of the force lie declared that there war, still room for improvement, and it could only be obtained by adopting this proposal. He trusted that Coun. D. W. Jones would be long spared to hold the office. AM. Griffiths You are voting a permanent Chairman? Ald. Thomas: It means that practically. Upon being put to the meeting, the motion to elect Coun. D. W. Jones was carried by 14 votes to 11. all the labour section yoting for the retention of the office as part of the Mayo- ral duties. .L- ¡
Dl4I Delegated Power
Dl 4 I Delegated Power MERTHYR MAGISTRATES AND A LICENSING PROSECUTION. The question as to whether the power of a landlord can he delegated to a barmaid in his absence was dicussed at the Merthyr Police Court on Friday, when Daniel Driseoll, the landlord of the White Swan Inn, Dowlais, was summoned for selling intoxicating liquor in an uncorked or unsealed vessel to a child under the age of 14 years. Mr. E. Roberts, Dowlais, who defended, sub- mitted that the prosecution ought to show that the power of the landlord had been delegated to the barmaid before a prosecution could be ob- tained. The landlord, who was out of the bar temporarily knew nothing of the transaction until the child was brought back by Inspector Lamb. The child gave evidence as to having told the landlord fht she was over 14. and in dis- missing the case, the Stipendiary (Mr. R. A. Griffith) remarked that there was evidence that the authority had been delegated to the bar- maid, but no evidence that the landlord or barmaid sold to the child knowing she was un- der 14 years of age. The police were, however, quite Tight in bringing the case forward.
1 The Rev R J Campbell on the War I
1 The Rev. R. J. Campbell | on the War. By THOMAS THOMAS. Throughout last week Christian England was aroused to a high state of expectancy by glow- ing advertisements in the Press announcing a particular article which was to appear in one of our Sunday papers from the pen of the Rev. R. J. Campbell. The purport of the article was to justify the present war with the teach- ings of Christ. The aim of the writer was to dispense the clouds of religious pessimism that have darkened the vision of believers since the advent of the war. He was suppose d to justify the ways of God in the terrible holocaust on the Continent. The announcement kindled hope in the bosom of the despairing; it brought gladness to the hearts of the pietists who ac- claim the war to be of divine inspiration. Alas! for the vanity of human wishes. Blessed is he who oxpecteth nothing, for he shall not be disappointed. Mr. Campbell, however great his reputation for knowledge, cannot achieve the impossible; and in this article he demonstrates the limita- tion of his power. Why did he foster hopes only to shatter them, leaving the belated be- liever m a worse slough of despond than be- f oi-e I Why seek to reconcile the irreconcil- able ? Why try to appease an outraged con- science with Jesuitical verbal jugglery? Assuredly, little spiritual consolation can be garnered from his remarks, and unless he can offer a better salve for the bleeding heart- wounds of bereaved mothers than is contained in his much advertised article, then the coun- try is, indeed, spiritually poverty-stricken. Even were England as truly religious as the number of her churches imply, Mr. Campbell should not forget that this country has not a monopoly of Christianity. He may deny to Germany any semblance of spiritual grace, but that does not really deprive the Germans of as good a religious record as can be boasted by Christians in this country. He justifies his atti- tude party on the atrocities which have been committed by the Prussian Huns. No sane man can dare countenance the brutal excesses perpetrated by the enemy, especially on in- offensive civilians, but all these horrors should tend to a condemnation of war rather than to its perpetration. Assuming that the terrible crime against French and Belgian womenfolk which he cites be true. such atrocities arc a re- sult of the war; they are not the resultant baibarity of a whole nation, nor even of one particular nation. Supposing, for instance, that the Allies' armies were to invade Ger- many, could Mr. Campbell give a guarantee that atrocities would not be perpetrated? Why, during times of peace we find crimes being com- mitted in England which equal in atrocity the most foulsome crimes committed on the Conti- nent during the war. These crimes are com- mitted by men lost to all sense of humanity, and no one ever holds the whole nation respon- sible lor them. Why then blame the whole German nation for the misdeeds of a few? If England is doing Christian work in aidang Russia to defeat Germany, then it were better for the country to shed its last vestiges of re- | ligioi^ for Russia has such a record of brutali- ties inflicted on her Jewish population and on her political offenders as to make her a fester- ing canker in modern civilisation. The Rev. R. J. Campbell knows well that the social life of Germany was as clean before the war as the social life of this country. Indeed, Tariff Re- formers have too frequently informpd us of the I superior conditions of industrial Germany for us to forget in a htmry. To divest Mr. Campbell's article of its spiri- tual rhapsodies, an impression is left on the mind that God has permitted this calamity aø. an instrument of purification. That war is re- ligiously justified because, through the suffer- ing it entails, man is ennobled, is rendered more susceptible to the Christ-like spirit of benign charicy. Verily, if Air. Campbell justifies war' on such grounds, then he must of necessity justify every evil which causes suffering. Mur- der. theft, incontinence, incendiarism, and a, iegion of other evils should be blessed as vir- tues. Mr. Campbell asks: Why should we assume that it is God's business, so to speak, to see that we are happy in this world?" But why should he assume that it is God's business to send affliction into the world" We have been told in the Lord's prayer to ask for the .Father's will to be done on earth as it is in heaven. What is the Father's will? Is it not that His children should love one another? Can strife, bloodshed, and atrocities exist where love is Man's conception of heaven has al- ways been a sphere of eternal peace, happinesc, i and rejoicing. That is the conception taught in the Scriptures. If such is the case, then eternal peace is a state in conformity with the Father's will, and 1;0 have that will in opera- tion on earth is to create a condition of things whereby men can live in harmony. For Mr. Campbell to say tliit "the object of life on this planet, so far as human beings are concerned, and perhaps ajl other creatures, too, is not happiness, but the development, of latent faculty, the bringing out of the potentialities of existence a: a whole" is rank atheism, and. withal, a contradiction in terms. I would re- mind him of the Socialist teachings he expoun- ded a few years ago. The development of lat- ent faculties constitute happiness; the bringing out, a! the potentialities of existence conduces to the. highest form of pleasure. The difficulty in the way of attaining this state of felicity is, the competitive and individualistic system under which we are compelled to live. Had Mr. Campbell remained faithful to his Socialist be- liefs, he would never have fallen into the errror overshadowing not only his article, bu this actions. Mr. Campbell savs: I would rather our heart's best beloved died to a man on the battlefield of Europe than J.ive ignoble in the soul-destroying delights of sense and indulg- ence." But does Mr. Campbell really believe that this atrocious war is going to destroy "the soul-destroying delights of sense and in- dulgence"? Is he qualifying for the serene abode of celestials that his feet refuse to walk on the matter-of-fact earth? Did war ever abo- lish sensual delights ? The present may be the worst and most barbarous war in history, but it is not the first war by a very long way. What, then, has been the result of past wars? Have the warring nations fo,unci that as a re- sult of their battles ahigl-ior moral tone has prevailed among the people ? In the contrary, have not all wars been followed by a period of licentiousness, rioting and other excesses ? If Mf. Campbell has any cause for believing that this particular war will end with a flourish of virtues, then he is fortunate, for even those who foolishly believe this war will end all wars do not claim that it will also end immorality. He asks: Was the commercial Europe of a year and a half ago really a better Europe than the Europe of slaughter and misery in which we are living to-day?" Granting it was not, two blacks do not make a white. Mr. Campbell is, indeed, bereft of a case if he justifies war on such plausible pretence. To countenance crime is an unique method of abolishing evil. Social an d individual sordidness can only be eradicat- ed oy knowledge and a clean environment. They can be eradicated bv the universal accept- ance of Socialism but the powers that thrive on the people's degradation are averse to an in- inelligent and equitable method of life. We all join Mr. Campbell in denouncing the violation of Belgium and the agonising mass- acres of the Armenians, but whilst rightly ad, justing Germany's culpability in the latter of- fence, it should not be forgotten that whole- sale massacres of Armenians have taken place before, when Turkey enjoyed the friendship of Great Britain, and when this country refrained- from doing what we now demand of the Ger- mans. To introduce a lot of cant into our case for intervention in the war does not help Bri- tain's cause; it only kindles a feeling of con- tempt in the minds of neutrals.
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Navvy Pats Viewsj
Navvy Pat's Views. j Pat was early this week, and found himself in quite a hornet's nest. Josie was down on hin for attacking Tom Smith, the ablest mail the JUiondda had ever seen." ;1 Who wwld ye that?" asked Pat. "Well, didn't ye hear it as well as me at the meeting when Sylvia Pank- hurst spoke to us?" "Thin," says Pat, "he don't nade you to speke up fur him, Josie, an' it's silly for ye to try it on, fur ivry time ye open yur mouth ye gits into a tangle that sets us all lamn'; but kape yer timper, bhy, we're all frinds here." Several had gathered round Pat protesting against his last week's strictures; "How can we help ourselves?" said they; "the bosses have the pits and the money, and if we say a. word we lost our jobs; better lose a little bit than lose everything. AJ! there ye go; thin, wu it be better fur the bovs at the front to lose their trenches than to lose their lives? Av yer for4athers had acted the same way, ye wud now be all bonds- men on the land ye were born on, an' bougnt an' sold along with is, an' yer wives and' daugh- terr, a.t the disposal of yer landlords. lhey fowt an' (lifl fur the liberty that yo ayse toy away bit by bit uocos half a loaf is better than no bread. I've got no patience wid ye boys, becos ye wont think fur yerselves; ye'll rather pay entry schemer that Clll(l1*i along an' offers to do ver thinkin' fur ye. Yer sowls wants savin an' there's the good book that tetls ye how it's to be done; but that wailt4 sum thinKm an' so ye build churches and chapels, an ye. pay al-SOD s -ni' priests an' pracheis to keep ye all right for Heaven; an' ye cum here on Sathurdav an' git drunk, an' to-morrow ye go bonny-fidyin' to wash the cobwefes out ov yer throat, v/hite yer wives an' ohilder are at church, an' ye thinks it's all right. "Yè get into trubbre, wid yer 6osstr, an' it teks sum thinkin' to get out of it. so ye pay a lot of agents to do this thinkin' fur ye, an ye afther football an' boxm' matches an bac- kin' horses, an' neglectin' yer own affairs. an' whin ye look round ye, ye find wan ov yer agents in the Privy Council, wan of them a Cabinet M'inistlier. two ov 'em offishers in the Army an' live 01 six ov lem squabolin' fur a seat in I-arharncnt that a; better man has cfied an' left empty. yer childer at school ye grudge them the bit ov eddicashun they're gettin'. an' ye want them out ov the school an' into the pit as soon as ye can skeme it ennvhow, an' ye nivver consither that this grand now standard wid ivry price, ivry day wage. tonnage, yardage, ivry detail that goes to a week's wage, has two deshimals to the end ov it. an' the ad- vances is in vulgar frakshuns, an' the poor young divvels hev forgot the little the- larnt, an' not five out ov a hundred ov em ean tell whether there pay sheet is rite or no. Ye tell me ye send a few to Ruskin Hall an' the C.L.C. But why don't ye send 'em all there a oupple ov years before they go to wurk? We can't afford it, ye say? No, becos yer currage failed ye in 1892, and again in '98, when Manon lShed ye. Av the owld warrior spirit had possessed ye on thim occashuns ye could have afforded to give yer childer the best eddicashun goin' an' the yunger men am-I ong ye wud be too knowin' to listen to Lloyd George's soothering or let their leaders give away £ 5,880,(XX). Av ye only had the pluck to think fur this, to fight fur this. to win this, what a mighty improvement there wud be. "I find plenty of ye willin' to pay a cupple ov sovrins fur a coorse of correspondence taich- in' fur yer boys afther they've been wurkim' a bit, and I've helped a few ov them to under-J stand the papers they hev to reckon up but I haven t seen enny thing mat takes the 'boy a bit yeonci what the sixth standard boy wud r git from illS taicher av ye didn't drag him away to wurk too soon. An thin, again, yer boy want a firemen's job afther a bit, an' they've larnt a bit about gas fioiii their exparience underground, an' they re up to timberin' an' repa-irin' an' think they cud pass; but bother them deshimals an' v uJgai fiackshurifc, they must pay a cupple ov quid fur a coorse ov correspondence fur this again. ow i ll undertake to find a boy at school—I might find a score—who wid just a hint or two wud be able to pass the arithmetic part ov the firemen's; exannnashun, yet lots ov 'em tail afther takin' the correspondence cooise, an' the raism is not far to seek; mis- takes are to be found in the correspondence pa- pers that are not to be found in school books. Here in my fisht I ve got two papers wan is marked Lesson 19, the uther is ans'ers to Lesson 19, an' I'm towld they belong to the managers' exam., second class. The furst thing that hit me fair m the eye whin I iuk-d at 'em was tnis* It (mercury) is approximately 14 times heavier than air.' Ach. now here's' an mterestin' problem, sez I to meseif; I'm fond ov interestin' problems, ye'll obsarve. St> I git me slate an' set to wurk, an' I seon made out that av mercury is 14 times heavier than a.ir, the air must be 14 times higher than the mercury that oalances it in the barometer, an' the average hite of the mercury is 30 inches, so the average hite ov the air must be 35ft. Bad luck to it, that Inks too small; Ach Tmt kik here, the air expands as we rise an" cums liter- well, dubble the liite, that'll more than cuvver the difference. <0ft. thin is the hite ov the at- mosphere; at laste. that's a bit nearer than the furst kalkilation. Well, we're 700 feet or so above sea level in Penygraig. so I'll tek a run down the valley till I get a luk at the top ov the at-mesfare. But whin I opened the door the wind was olowin' in my and the rain splashing all over me. Bad luck to me fur a fool, see I; av coorse, there's air here, or we'd all hev died hir want ov breath cinterys ago. Sumthin 's gone 'rong with the kalkllashun. Then I noticed that the paper sed a cu bic inck ov mercury weighed ,491bs., an' I remembered whin I the magik lantern that a 20ft. cylinder vraz 4
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