Collection Title: Merthyr Pioneer
Institution: The National Library of Wales
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Mountain Ash District Council I
Mountain Ash District Council. I DR. MORGAN'S GLOOMY PREDIC- TION. At the Council meeting OIl Tuesday last, the Finance Committee's report contained a re- commendation. ILS a result of an application from Mr. Pmcombe (the Clerk), asking for £ 40 to meet his railway expenses to and from Cardiff during the time his house wa." being built at Mountain Ash. Coun. X. Bowles proposed, and Coun. Mad- dock: seconded, that £30 be paid in considera- tion of the Clerk's expenses and services he had rendered in visiting various places at Cardiff on behalf of the Council. Coun. Geo. Neighbour opposed the recom- mendation, and stated that, according to the terms of engagement, the Clerk was compelled to reside at Mountain Ash. The Clerk had only suffered in a similar way to many others through scarcity of houses, many workers be- ing compelled to keep two homes going on far less income than that of Mr. Pincombe. If the Clerk had served the Council at Cardiff, and saved cost of railway expenses, it was a farce to say the Clerk had saved the ratepayers' ex- penses if thev wera paving £ 30 for a saving of £ 2. Coun. Neighbour moved as an amendment that the Committee's recommendation be not, accepted, and that the question be referred back for further consideration. This was not seconded, the resolution to grant £ 30 being carried with Coun. Xeighbour OD!V in opposition. Housing. I loiat..Neighbour moved that tile Ulerk write to the owners of the Poplar .Field and the Meadows near the Pavilion, and that they be askrv. to re-consider the question of sale for housing purposes; and in the event of refusal to meet the Council, that the Council consider the advisability of seeking compulsory powers. Coun. J. Powell suggested that the ques-I tion be postponed till the sub-committee had visited Lord Aberdare in conneQtion with other Sit(" This was agreed to. Coun. Dr. Morgan considered the discussion a waste of time, as there would be less houses needed after the war than now as nine-tenths of the men who went to fight would never return. Housing and Town Planning. A letter was read from the National Housing I and town Planning Council asking for two representatives to be sent to a conference to be held at Cardiff oil November 2. for the purpose ¡ of considering the arrangements for a civil survey, to be carried out by architects and surveyors, who. through war, were out of em- ployment, the expenses being borne by Govern- nieii- grants. CVun. Dr. Morgan: Why don't they join the Royal Engineers? Coun. Xeighbour Perhaps they are like Dr. Morgan, who .suddenly discovered he was of age. tu claim exemption, or were suffering from an attack of "I)ai-daiiell-tti-ikalitis. ))) Morgan (with great warmth): What do you do for a living? Preaching (here the rtwt ot The gallant Doctor's comment was un- heard j Coun. Neighbour I don't live by physieing. at any rate. Arising out of the Sanitary Insepctor's re- port. it was agreed to serve notices on Mr. Will t'robert calling upon him to com ph, with the Council's order in respect to the insanitary and generally bad condition of his property in Cardiff Road: also notice to be served on the GW.R. in reference to their property in Cardiff noad.
Electric Theatre. No one need feel more proud of the patron- age he receives than Mr. Bowen, the popular manager of the Electric. who well deserves it for the excellent menu in pictures which he constantly places before his patrons. The earlier part of the week scored the usual success, the seating capacity being "full" each nigiit. On Thursday night. Atone in London" was scrtened. and in our opinion it is the best and most consistent piece of work the Turner Film Company has yet given us. To say that Miss Florence Turner is seen at her best is but a slight idea of her splendid acting. Taking the part of Xan. a simple country maiden, every pha-e of the character was brought out with unerring fidelity. The photography is excellent. Mention must be made of the scene in Trafalg- ar Square, which is one of the mast, effective combinations of double photography and stage back cioth we have seen. To-dav (Friday) the Theatre is open at 11 a.m.. and continuous prog- rammes are shown until 11 n.m. The whole of the proceeds are to be handed over to the funds of the Merthyr General Hospital. It is to be hoped that all those who have tickets will make an early appearance, if possible, to obvi- ate overcrowding at night. The programme is really magnificent, and should be seen by all who are lovers of pictures. Xo effort is spared in sriving patrons the best of quality and pic- ture are prjected under perfect conditions. Next week an extraordinary bill is announc- ed. On Monday, "As Ye Sow." featuring the world-renowned actress, Florence Beady. The story has been written by a clergyman, and whatever his ability in Ibis own profession may be. he certainly knows how to tell a story in a way to enlist and hold the interest of a pic- ture audience. The story is of two brothers, brought up in a quiet secluded fishing village. Th° younger stays at home with his mother and sister, and eventually becomes the pastor of the village. His brother has turned into a vaster. Throughout the unfolding of the story, there are severa l thrilling scenes, such jus a tight on the cliff in the last part, and mane of the scenes, particularly the seascapes. are of exceptional beauty. "Russia's Mighty Army," a 2-reel special war topical, with pub-' lie attention everywhere focussed on the ex- ploits of the Czar's wonderful soldiers, possesses extraordinary interest. OJl Thursday "Lola." featuring Clare Kim- ball Young. "There is a Divinity that shapes our ends, rough hew them as we may." The Our ?n d wt truth of this saying is exemplified in the un- folding of the thrilling story oi "Lola." Tha stol" is one of the most interesting that has ever been put en the screen, and no doubt will cau-v a lot of discussion next week as to whe- tlvj "Lola" was really dead. Was her father j,tified in his scientific experiments? What- ever the answers may be, it will be universally conceded that in the adaptation of Owen Da- vies play, picfurised by James Young, the favourite star in picture land. Clara, has found a vehicle which enables her to give full vent to oil unique gift of emotional characterisa- tion and at the same time portray a story of extraordinary interest. "Captured by Mexic- ans is another two-reel exclusive, full of thrills, which cannot but be described as mar- vellous. Quite an array of subjects will complete a mr.mmoth programme of extraordinary mer- it. "John Halifax. Gentleman." is coming, and Rome more
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The Socialist AntiMilitarist Pastor of the New Church Llechryd
The Socialist & Anti-Militarist Pastor of the New Church, Llechryd. THE REV. W. REES, 52 YEARS A MINISTER By PHILIP FKANKFORD. Above the din of the battle-cries of the or- thodox pastors who are now busy selling the Church of Christ to the highest militarist bid- der, we who are Socialists and anti-militarists rejoice to know of the grand pastor of the new church at Llechryd, Cardiganshire, the Rev. AN Rees..Fiftv-twa years a pastor, and still this wonderful man preaches twice every Sun- day. Sermons based upon the socialistic teach- ings of Christ are the order of the day at this pastor's chapel. The flock at Llechryd New Church havo. indeed, an able and splendid guide. Long may he live to proclaim the anti- militarist and communistic teachings of his Master. For the Rev. W. Hees does not hesi- tate to sternly denounce wrong, as we shall presently see. and therefore, it is natural to him to proclaim that no war can oe a righteous war, and that you cannot put down militarism by turning the country into a barracks, or by increasing the armaments firms dividends, nor yet by robbing the, poor, and raising the cost of living. He is no "fair weather" anti-mili- tarist. He opposes militarism yesterday, to- day, and for ever. To illustrate the independence of thought, and the courageous and honest dealing that kas always characterised Mr. Rees's pastorship we have merely to read his work, The Devil's Keys." la this remarkable book, as a reviewer said, we find "the history of a conflict between a minister and his church, because the minister had sufficient boldness and courage -be preach against the sins of rich men. Indeed, while reading the book, we feel proud to understand that there is one preacher- in Wales who has dared to speak the naked truth concerning the sins of professors. We have for years stated our belief that the ministers of Wales dare not speak or whisper a word against the deacl." and the wealthy members of their churches without risking their livelihood. This book cor- roborates our belief." Mr. Rees did dare speak about the sins of his wealthy members: he did dare preach against drunkenness, and in the end he resigned from his old chapel and lost much worldly advantage because he preferred to be a humole minister of the Gospel rather than a sycophant, and a toady to those who, by grinding down the poor, are able to dissipate themselves with every kind of luxury and indulge in every sort of vice. In the "Devil's Keys," one of the most vigorous and courageous books ever printed, the whole story is narrated. In the fourth chapter we are told how Mr. Rees preached in July, 1877, on the evils of intemperance, and it was then, to use his words, the abysses and de- lu ges broke loose." Hitherto," he goes on to Iii ? '? "I had touched the subject prudently and s a N sparingly, having a dislike for rash and sud- den measures." Yet the gentlest words offended and often he was told "not to speak against the drink lest the customers and their publicans be scared away." But Mr*. Rees. having put his hand to the plough, would not look beck, and continued to proclaim against the sin of drunkenness. In the meantime we read that "a wealthy deacon with a smooth tongue and a read nose beaded of me not to speak of temper- ance again. He pretended another deacon. a friend of his, was offended, and in danger of creating a disturbance." Mr. Rees' answer was characteristic: It would be easier for you to stop the sun in his course than me with temperance." Not only did Mr. Rees continue to preach sobriety and against the sins of the r ich and mighty in the church, but also before the "County Association," and he tells us "the brotherhood reproached him as a fool and a fanatic," but still the pastor went courageous- ly on. Matters were finally brought to a crisis in 1878.- when Mr. Rees "named" the ring- leaders from the pulpit. In the end Mr-. Rees gave up what was ma- terially a good "living," and shook the dust of the old church from his feet. The story of how he formed his new congregation and built his new chapel is extremely interesting. Refu- sing to reduce or give up one iota of his teaching, lie, of course, offended all the rich tipplers. And their persecution of his brave man is a mournful tale. The new church at Llechryd first met in the house of one of the 14 members of the old congregation. And how the new tabernacle was built, forms an interest-. ing part of Mr. Rees' "Devil's Keys." We read "Money came in. small sums from all quarters; many frowned and cursed everywhere prea- chers and deacons invariably. A wealthy draper living in the adjacent town. who spoke on all topics with the softness of a woman, and the blandishments of his trade, as soon as we layed our cause before him, began to knit his brows and find excuses." A deacon with the Calvinists was asked to contribute, and at once he fled." A min ister told Ma*. Rees he was a "fool to keep on a small place without the help of the farmers," and so things went on, but little by little the new tabernacle was built, and for 3-5 vears this splendid pastor has dared to preach the real unadulterated Christianity. Mr. Rees is a great admirer of Swedenborg. In "The Devil's Keys," he speaks much of him and of his contemporary, James Johnston. Of the latter's wonderful work, "The Diary," the good minister writes in the "Devil's Keys" — "Vanderbilts, Jay Goulds, railway kings, avari- cious dukes wallowing in your luxuries, rob- oers. flaunting in purple and fine linei. Jon. dainty bodies, living lives of criminal extravag- ance and of pleasure, playing the games of de- bau, hery and waste, wtiich brought about in ■France a sanguinary revolution. Grand models ye are for grinding the active working classes and the poor, who starve in hunger while serving you. Oh; monsters! causing millions to lead sordid, hopeless lives, "it is enough to shatter the human frame to pieces to pry into their deplorable condition. But the immor- tal hovers whom you despitefully call 'the rab- ble,' and 'the mob' are beginning to see that they are men, and will not always tolerate grand thieves." Thus we see this grand champion of the real teachings of Christ combines courage and true religion. The time of his persecution did not end with his pastorship at the Independent Church. Llechryd to use his own words, he was nearly locked out from his own new church for preach- ing against the Boer War. However, that did not disturb this ideal teacher, and he continues now to denounce war and militarism as strongly to-day as ever. Antl, marvellous to say, to-day he is not opposed in his church. Mr. Rees congregation get anti-militarism and Socialism pure and undiluted. A great admirer of "Bell- amy's "Looking Backward," on one Sunday morning recently Mr. Rees introduced into his oloquent discourse extracts from Bellamy's mas- terly comparison of present day humanity with a coach. Mr. Rees' description of Bellamy is "the great seer of the new world which is com- ing with all the powers of the infinite man in the sun of the heavenly universe on its side." Heal Socialism from a pulpit! His views on all wars are strong; to use his own words: "I ab- hor the wholesale iniquity of war, arrd the greater iniquity of all sects and their churches in partaking of the sins of organised members." Mr. Rees equally condemns the Labour part) for their betraying of the workers at this crisis. He says: "Pity the Labour Party should become such traitors whilst they could have been the genuine opposition party a party to grow into an overwhelming power on the p4anet to sweep away kings and priests and ca- pitalists from their high places, and make the terrors of war impossible." With regard to kings, etc., Mr. Rep. con- siders it is "a blessing to have outgrown these oppressors of mankind." Nor is this grand man deceived by the Christian Church ministers and their military discourses. He speaks of "their sulphorous prayers for the warriors and their vow to fight till victory is wen, interceding the great Giver and Lover of Life for His aid to murder man, made in His image, to murdwr men. Christians to murder Christians; Pa- pists to murder Papists; and Protestants to murder Protestants—all for the sake of perfidi- ous pelf-I abominate such prayers and prac- tices ten thousand times more than I do war with all its atrocities. Mr. Rees' contributions to. literature have been many. Besides contributing for many years to the Carmarthen Journal," under the title of "Cymru Dywyllaf" (Darkest Wales) pleading for spiritual liberty in the churches, the following are some of his works :*—"Cloi- Dirwest o Dy" (first and second series), The Devil's Keys," "Life of Swedenborg," "The Do- minion of the Infinite Man," or the Divine Hu- manity (both in Welsh.) The latter was a se- ries of sermons against war in the time of the South African Campaign, which, even in the New Church, provoked great opposition. Such, then, is Mr. Rees, the wonderful mini- ster and preacher of truth nearly 80 years of age, but full of that which belongs to youth, inasmuch as he is filled with courage, lofty thoughts, noble aspirations, and unbounded op- timism. He confesses that our dear late Com- rade Keir Hardie led him to Socialism. Mr. Rees believes that mankind will fight tts way out of the jungle, tha t crucilied human- ity will rise out of its misery, poverty and de- gradation. and that a day will come, foretold by Bellamy, Wm. Morris and others, when the So- cialist republic shall free mankind from wage slavery, war and privilege and men shall live in equity, peace and contentment. This splendid man is modest and retiring, and has never sought publicity. Oh, that the prea- chers of Christendom would follow in his foot- steps to-morrow, and in a ye.ar;1, new world would be ours. God send us more men like the Rev. W. Rees to preach to the young, and show them the errors of a wicked old age such as is manifest by the old men of Europe who have drained the countries of their manhood, and cry for more. We deadly need more pastors of the Rees type and in the days that follow this carnage pray God we may get them.
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More Questions on the 4 Munitions Act S
More Questions on the 4 Munitions Act. S « Two further questions put to the Minister of Munitions bv Mr. W. C. Anderson, M.P., with regard to the working of the Munitions Act are given below, together with Mr. Lloyd George's replies:— Leaving Certificates: Amending Act f Suggested. Mr AXDEHSOX asked the Minister of Mu- natioiis whether lie is aware that employers en- gaged Oil munition work s have discharged work- men, and by withholding their leaving certifi- j cates have attempted to prevent the men get- ting work elsewhere and whether, in the inte- rest of industrial peace. he will introduce le- 4 gislation to limit this power and to make ic p possible for the workman to bring an action for loss of time and wages in the event of the Munitions Court deciding that his certificate wa.s unreasonably i-ithlie Atr. LLOYD GEORGE: One or two cases | such, as that referred to by iii N, hon. friend have been brought to my notice. The view which my department has consistently expressed is that in general any employer discharging a workman should give him a certificate enabling him to obtain employment elsewhere, and I have no reason for doubting that this view is acted on as. a rule. It would not. however, be possible or desirable to enact that in every case without exception an employer must give a certificate merely by misbehaviour. I have, however, noted the suggestion of my hon. friend for consideration in the evont of any amending legislation being introduced. Alterations in Working Conditions. Mr. ANDERSOX asked the Minister oi Mu- nitions whether it was part of the Treasury agreement between the Ministry and the Trade Unionists that due notice should be given to the workmen concerned, wherever practicable, of any changes of working conditions which it is desired to introduce, and that opportunity of local consultation with the men or their repre- sentatives would be given if required; and whether, in all cases of changes in working conditions, the men or their representatives A have been consulted Mr. LLOYD GEORGE: Paragraph 7 of the Second Schedule to the Act provides as follows: Due notice shall be given to the workmen concerned, wherever practicable, of any chan- ges of working conditions which it is desired to introduce as the result of the establish- ment becoming a controlled establishment, and opportunity for local consultation with workmen or their representatives shall be triven if desired. I have no reason to suppose that this provision is nor. being generally observed, but I am not prepared to say that there have been no cases 111 which an employer has failed to give notice in accordance with paragraph. In the event of any case of failure being brought to my notice, appropriate action is taken.
Merthyr Races. A trotting and galloway race meeting was hell at the Penydarren Park, Merthyr. on Monday. Amongst the officials were: Judges, Messrs. G. Rogers and Reece Price; handicap- per and starter, Mr. Jack Price.; timekeèpers, Messrs. D. J. Thomas and W. Rees. Remits. ■ One Mile Galloway Hatidical).-I, Little Dick Mr. D. Davies, Pontrlivdyfen; 2, Annie, Mr. L. Llewellyn. Ammanford 3. Doughnut, Mr T. Davies. Merthyr. One Mile Trotting Handicap: 1. Gethin Bo\ Mr. D. Bebb. Gelligaer; 2, Amman Boy, Mr. H. Jones, Glanaman: 3,"Little Nell, Mr, Simons, Pengam. 1J, Miles Galloway Race: 1. Little Dick; 2, Anr-ie; 3, Jacky. Mr. Williams Heolgerrig. li Mile* Trotting Handicap: 1, Amman Boy; 2, .Maggie Muscovite, Mr. J..Francis, Aberdare; 3. Dick. Mr. \Y. Howells, Graig.
The Palace. The l'alace continues to offer excellent prog- rammes, both entertaining and instructive, with no effort at pretending to educate or preach. Th, Palace is neither a church nor a university, but purely a place of entertainment; and that of a wholesome character. The high standard Mr. Hall-Jones has always sought to maintain during his man^ exjverience as an on- tertainer is stiil paramount with him, and patrons may rest assured that they will he well catered for, and have every possible attention at his- hands. The programme submitted this week is, as usual, full of variety, and is headed by a very fine production, entitled "In Spite of All," being the story of an adventuress, play- ed by some of the leading Edison Star ar- tistes, including Miss Gertrude McCoy, who is a- great favourite with English audiences. Other special items include pictures of the British Forces, and another War Map, and the Gazette of latest News. By special request, a comedy picture featuring Charlie Chaplin make a sec- ond appearance. "Charlie's Elopement." Marc MacDermott, a well-known artiste, appears in T l i,? i?einaiii d er [ "The Man who couldn't Sleep." The remainder of the programme is entertaining and amusing, providing a pleasant afternoon or evening's en- tertainment for picture goers. N