Collection Title: Monmouth Guardian
Institution: The National Library of Wales
Rights: The copyright status or ownership of this resource is unknown.
4ttend of choloo -Î ."lend 8f 01to108 gltffilantf Malt Whisky, Boehnfl Old 1 Blend., Scotch Jiturad, llmdad A 802"00 OMW BUCHAN CO., Wine A Spirit MtrahUN^ RHYMNIV.
A Blend of Choice Bighlit&d Mail W hJJLfcv Buchan's Old 33iended Scotch sturad, Blended & Bottled only b BUCHAN & CO., Wine and Spirit Merchants, RHYMNEY.
P. E. GANE (Late Trapnell) Ltd- I ? cF \a ?!?E- ? & aane L.?a., For Sound Value and Style In FURNITURE, CARPETS, BEDSTEADS, FLOOR COVERINGS. Painters, Decorators and Paperhangers, Estimates & Speci.fications Free I Competent Men Sent any Distance. This s?t 6in. Handsome Chippendale 5tvle Sideboard, #n Mahogany, with beautiful A AC od figured Panels, EASY CHAIRS AND SETTEES IN ALL STYLES. 38 & 41, QUEEN ST.. CARDIFF. TELEPHONE 403. ABA (ALL BRIGHT ALE). Analyst's Report. The Laboratory, 69, Dock Street, «* Newport, Moil., Sept. 13th, 1905. Messrs. A. Buchan & Co., Rhymney. Dear Sirs, I (have analysed a sample Gallon of your II ALL BRIGHT ALE received from you In screw-stoppered Flagons, and beg to hand you my report. This Is a most Inviting looking beverage, being absolutely free from all traces of turbidity, and, as Its name implies, Is bright to the last drop. The results of my analysis shew It to be a Ught Bitter Beer of the very highest grade of purity, and In my opinion, Is the product of Malt and Hops of first-class quality. The amount of Alcohol present renders it strictly a Ught Ale, and its aroma and flavour are exoollont. The characteristic bitter of the Hops being well In evidence It forms a most agreeable drink. There is not the slightest trace of any objectionable metallic substance present, and I consider It a very high-class Beer In every respect Being sent out In screw-stoppered Flagons its high aera- tion Is preserved to perfection In consequence, and there is no chance of its suffering In condition. I consider it a distinct advance in Bottled Beers for Table use, and its high general excellence should command a ready sale. It really is a splendid sample of Beer, and I must congratulate you on its production. I am, dear Sirs, Yours faithfully, GEORGE R. THOMPSON, 1 PtiMie Analyst ———————— —"————— !TELL THE TIME IN THE DAR)??????B I HA.VE a W.tb that ahcW8 I They are proving a great boon THE EXACTIMA' LUMtNOlM WATCH )???????? /P/ N ? the ;im. at mid. ,M THE TRENCHES ??'?.???? NS)?????????? ??????-/???????tB?N???????NNN ￼ ? night as distinctly as by day- AT fHE FRONT finished Nickel Silver CUI. WBMjf/aZSSjK V ■ I H one of H. Samuel'. famous nme- S. end on* to your sol,diar friend to-day 1 M)tnyothert,fromi6,o?
j HEALTH AND PROGRESS OF i MONMOUTUSHIRE ep
j HEALTH AND PROGRESS OF i MONMOUTUSHIRE. ep I DR. ROCYN JONES' ANNUAL REPORT I SOCIAL LIFE IN URBAN AND RURAL AREAS. I SOME HIGHLY INTERESTING DETAILS. We most sincerely congratulate Dr. Roeyn Jones, J.P., the esteemed medical officer for Mon- mouthshire, upon the very able report and review of the health and progress mtde in the county during the last year. The book is a voluminous one full of details, highly instructive, with statis- tics of a most valuable character THE WATER SUPPLY. The water supply in many of the districts in the county:was still lacking in purity and quality. Complaints of shortage in the dry summer of 1913 were recorded at Abercarn, Bedwas, Bed- wellty, Blaenavon, Llanfrecha, Mynyddialwyn and I Risca. Dealing with Bedwellty, the reportktys that a large portion of the area was supplied by arrangement with the Tredegar Urban Couueil, but there was an inadequate service at New Tre- degar and Phillipstown, also at Aberbargoed and ¡ Pengam. At Rhymney, however, there war se I cording to the report an abundant supply from the gathering ground at Blaen Rhymney. The old reservoir has a capacity of 9 000,000 gallons, and the new reservoir four times that capacity. SEWERAGE AND DRAINAGE. Subsidiary sewerage and drainage was receiving due attention in the majority of the districts, and many tributory sewers had been linked up to the main trunk sewers. The closets in vugae were generally, in the industrial areas, waiter closets. The report reviews the progress n'ade in connection with the Rhymney Valley Liain sewer, and that during the year the contract for the first section of the work had been let. The authorities in this area will have an efficient system when the work is completed. Tredegar was in a very unsatisfactory state, but would be improved shortly. I HOUSING OF THE WORKING CLASSES. Dr. Jones gives a moat interesting account of work done in connection with the Housing c' the working classed in the county. The majority of the Councils are fully alive to the needs of their districts with regard to housing. The density of persons per house would appear to be diminishing, yet, overcrowding is btill rife. Many of the districts are providing and have provided houses under the Homing Acts, and although present-day conditions are better on the whole than those of the years past, it cannot be said that the combined efforts of private enterprise and Council action have fully met the demand for suitable houses. Rents in many areas are excessively high and the tendency has been to build houses too large or too expensive to meet the needs of the average worker. Two or more families therefore occupy houses either as joint tenants, or tenants and sub-tenants, with consequent uncleanliness of dwellings and outhouses. The evolution of the type of tenant in. the various areas is interesting. The first: settlers seem to be composed of the unfit in a hygienic sense; these are gradually replaced by the steadier tenants, and good workmen, whilst the first tenants ultimately find their way to the cheaper ind older houses of the locality, making insanitary dwellings more insanitary. The report then gives in detail the Local Gov- ernment Board enquiry, conducted by Mr E, Leonard, into the question of housing at Biaen. t avon, (and how that Local Authority eventually undertook to proceed with the necessary schemes. In the Bedwellty area the Council was proceeding with the erection of a number of houses at Twyn- ffald. Many old houses had been demolished and replaced by new ones. At Tredegar 84 new houses had been ereoted. At Rhymney there was still a scarcity of work- men's houses, but a number of suitable ones were in course of erection, The report then deals at length with the measures taken to prevent the pollution of the rivers, the analysis of food staffs, etc. Included in the volume of nearly 150 pages there are several charts of a highly instructive and interesting character, making the whole one of the most comprehensive and valuable books of reference ever circulated by any public authority.
BIRTHS AND DEATHS. The first section of the book deals with the birth and death rate in the county, from wl ich we glean the following :—IV; present population of the county is 827,173 of which 284,171 reside in the Urban areas, and 43.002 in the Rural lis- tricts. The birth rate for the year was 30*08; the late in the previous year was 30-24. Abortillery ith 38-9, Bedwellty with 37'■ »ad Mynyddisiwyn with 37'4 top the birth rate, ;md Caerleon with 18-9 and Usk with 13-34 are at tho bottom. The death rate for the year was 1314 Per I 1,000, the 1913 rate being 13 00. Abergavenny with 17 5, Tredegar with 16-8, -and Blaena on with 16*07 are the highest, and Pontypool 11 39, Abersychan 10*82, and Panteg 10*4 are "he lowest. Dr. Jones says the county birth rate reac-ied its highest point in 1902 (36'5), and its lowest in 1913 (30'08), The maximum death rate was in 1911 (19'4), and the minimum in 1912 (13). The infantile mortality returns show that the rate has gone up, being 10 per 1,000 biitha higher than in the previous year. It rose from 105 per 1,000 to 115 per 1,000. In urban dis- tricts the rates were:—Rhymney 154*08, Trede- gar 148-8, Bedwas and Machen 145, Caerleon 133-3, Usk 130*43, Bedwellty 130, Mynyddisiwyn 126, Aberaychan 123-1, Ebbw Vale 122*4, LUn- tarnam 120, Pontypool 117, Abertillery 107*9, ¡ Nantyglo and Blaina 106-6 Llanfrechfa Upper 106-06, Abercarn 104, Panteg 98, Risca 97, Blaen- avon 96,66, Abergavenny 82, Monmouth 76, Cbep- stow 56*6. In rural districts the rates were Monmouth, 95*y Chepstow. 84'; Pontyl".)i 74*72; St. Mellons, 64; Abergavenny, 54*5. Dealing with the infantile mortality rate and the measures adopted for its reduction under the direction of Lady Mather Jackson's Nursing Scheme. During the year the Nurses' Home was opened at Tredegar. The sum of .£219 was re- ceived from the Education Committee towards the ¡ Monmouthshire Nursing Association. In reference to Isolation Hospital facilities in I various urban areas, the report states that the accommodation by the Bedwellty Council was inadequate, although arrangements were in hand I for further provision. There was need of a pro- perly equipped ambulance for the removal of patients. At Rhymney there was insufficient Isolation Hospital accommodation, but this is under consideration."
ABEBTYSSWG MEN AT THE FRONT
ABEBTYSSWG MEN AT THE FRONT. I INTERESTING LETTERS FROM SERGT. GENT. Sergt. W. GeRt, of Ahertysswg, is a typical Tommy Atkins." Here is a sentence from one of a few letters we have had the ipleasure to per. use and from which we give extracts below. He says I had a letter from Dick Thomas on Christ. mas Day. Tell him I will write him as soon as I get a chance. We have not got much chance to write letters here, for when we are not fight- ing the Germans we are killing lice. I will try and bring a brood of them home with me." Sergt. Gent is the son of Mr and Mrs Gent, Abeitysswg, who bnve also another son in Kitch- eners Army, and will probably leave for the front in the spring. Sergt. GH.t is in the Second Welsh Regiment. Writing to his mother on Christmas Day, he says We have just come out of the tienchea for a couple of hours' rest, but it is'nt safe where we are, as they (the Germans) drop the Jack Johnston's everywhere. It is not safe to go out for a drop of water as the snipers pick us off like peas. The only time, I think, I heard a soldier pray was last night when the Germans dropped bombs in the trenches Just before :we were relieved from the trenches the Germans were singing Welsh Christmas Carols to us. They are as brazen as brass. We have seen Christmas Day dawn, but God knows how many will see it close, as it is hell upon earth out here." In the following letter he returns as a keep sake the Princess Mary's Christmas Gift Box. He says Tell Martin Edwards that Dai Price, who was working with him, has been shot dead. He was next but one to me when he was shot by a sniper. I can tell you he very nearly had me a few times that day. That was the morning after we made the charge to re-take the trenches lost by the Gurkhas. The trenches arej in an awful state. We are up to our knees in mud I had a parcel from the Abertysswg Ladies' Sew- ing Class, and I want you to thank them on my behalf, the contents were a Balaclava cap, scarf, pair of socks, chocolate, and a packet of fags. I saw Mrs Price, the hotel's, name on the box, so I expect they were sent by her I had a tin of chocolate from Jack Stillman on Christmas Day." In another letter to his mother, he says I notice in the papers they say we were playing football and eating puddings with the Germans on Christmas Day. Y 5s, we were, I don't think. We were pumping lead into each other at the least chance, that's the greeting the Welsh gave them Whatever they 3ay about the Germans, there is one thing I know, they can shoot straight, and from the shoulder too, not from the hip The Indiana have'nt half got some pluck. I was coming down from the trenches one day and saw one hobbling down the road with a stick, when I got near I could see he had had his foot blown off, and he had pulled the sock around the stump and was walking on that Jack Kenrick is here with me Don't worry about me as I am all right and happy. It ia like a shooting match here." In a letter to his brother, Sergt. Gent explains how the Welsh had to do a thirty mile march, Arriving at the ifiring line at 1.30, and half.an- hour later they were ordered to make the attack There was nothing but a hail of bul- lets, shrapnel, "coal boxes," and God knows what. Ib was like as if a steel worke had exploded. I got lost for a few hours that night, but kept wandering on. When one of the German search- lights went up I discovered I was within thirty yards of their lines. If I had'nt laid flat until the light went out I would have been in kingdom come by this time."
EMPHATIC TALK. THE KIND THAT CARRIES CON- VICTION TO EVERY READER. Conviction must follow such emphatic proof as this. Here is a Pontlottyn case. Read it and see if doubt can exist in the face of this evidence. On October 31st, 1911, Mrs. M. Williams, of 8, Brewer Street, Pontlottyn, near | Rhymney, said: During the damp weather. I was always troubled with dull, heavy pains in my back and loins. I also suffered badly from attacks of dizziness, and severe headaches. The kidney ex- cretions were disordered, and I got into a low and depressed state. "I thought I would try Doan's back. ache kidney pills to see if they would do me any good. I did so, and obtained great relief from this medicine. I can honestly recommend Doan's ipills to all who suffer from kidney complaint."—(Signed) M. WILLIAMS. On June 4th, 1913—OVER TWELVE MONTHS EATER—Mrs Williams said:—" always recommend Doan's pills, for I have had great benefit from them." Kidney complaint occasions many ail- ments, for when the kidneys are clogged and faulty, uric aoid and fluid waste are thrown back upon the system, causing rheumatism, stone, bladder inflammation, dropsy, sciatica, and obstinate pain and disoomfort. Incurable disease may follow if treatment is neglected, but timely help is gener- ally successful. Doan's pills have saved thousands of men and women from uric acid poisoning, and kidney dis3ase, and even in advanced stages have effected many cures. Price 2/9 a box, 6 boxes 13/9; of all dealers, or from Foster-McClellan Co., 8, Wells Street, Oxford Street, London, W. Don't ask for backache or kidney pills,— ask DISTINCTLY for DOAN'S backache kidney pills, the same as Mrs Williams had,
I SUCCESSFUL CONCERT AT DERI
SUCCESSFUL CONCERT AT DERI. A large company gathered at the Darran Hotel, Deri, on Wednesday evening, when a delightful smoking concert was held in connection with the Darran Outing Club. Mr. W. Morgan, Darran Cottages, proved an able chairman, and he was well supported by Mr. J. Perkins as vice-chair- man. The evening's entertainment opened by a quartette given in excellent manner by four members of the Deri Silver Band, after which, Mr. William Williams, a Bargoed comedian, took the audience with him in a fine rendering. H. Morris, Bargoed, enraptured the crowd with a sentimental song, and W. John. Deri, was de- servedly applauded for a finely finished song. Mr. J. Murray, Deri, gave a splendid recitation on the present war, which was followed by an encore song by Mr. W. Williams. One of the tit-bits of the evening was the singing of Mr. Jag. Jones, a blind man of Deri. A sentimental song by Mr. W. Lemin, Groesfa.en Houses, was well yú. ceived. The chairman, who had so ably conducted the proceedings, then addressed the meeting on the objects of the Outing Club. He explained that the club had a twofold object one conviviality and enjoyment during the summer, two, the pro- vision of poultry at Christmas. Periodical con- tributions were received from the members to- ward these objects, and thus the club was a great aid to thrift and assisting each other. He gave a hearty invitation to all to become mem- bers. Full details of the club can be obtii .Ird with Mr. Wilde, the licensee of the Darren Hotel. On the motion of Mr. J. Murray, sec onded by Mr. J. Jones, a hearty vote of (haDks was accorded the chairman, to whom a bi^h tribute was paid for his services. Other items in the evening's programme in- cluded a comic football recitation by J. Murray, songs by T. Foster and J. Davies, two primos. Itf Bargoed, and a well rendered sole by Mr. Gwilym Jenkins. Deri, and others. A most en- joyable evening being brought to a close with the singing of the national anthem.
Working Overtime I
Working Overtime! No organ is so much abused, or so little helped, in its important work, as the liver. It is quite a common thing at this cold season to take more food and drink than we actually need with the idea of keeping ourselves warm. Naturally, the liver grows tired and sluggish at the overtime it has to put in, not only in supplying bile, which is Nature's laxative, but in filtering poisons from the blood. Tax the liver's powers too severely, and headaches, bilious bouts, a sense of irritability, and de- pression, are the ways in which it pays you out. Go the right way about things and give the liver, now and then, the tonic assistance of Mother Seigel's Syrup. tNothing equals this famous remedy for keeping it up to the mark.
ABERBARGOED ZCHOG I
ABERBARGOED ZCHOG. I We regret having to record the death which took place this (Friday) morning at 5, Commercial Street, of Mrs. Jane Llewellyn, 71 years of age, and one of the oldest inhabitants of the district. A native of Cwmsyfiog, she was held in the high- est esteem by all who came in contact with her. We understand the funeral will take place on Wednesday next for Bedwellty. Deceased was the wife of the la.te John Llewellyn, an employee of the Bedwellty Urban Council, who, it will be remembered, was last year knocked down by a horse and trap whilst following his employment as a roadman. He had one of his ears torn off, and was otherwise badly injured. After being treated at the local Hospital, he was removed to the Tredegar Hospital, where he died. As a result of the labour* of the local Free Church Council in the Come to Church Cam- paign, we are happy to report a decided improve- meet in the attendance at the various Free Churches in this place during the t&o Sundays of the Campaign. Visitors appointed by the sev- eral churches conducted a thorough house to house visitation, inviting each inhabitant to attend re- ligious services upon the specified Sundays, viz., January 24 and 3lat, Repetto have been re- ceived from the visitors upon their efforts show- ing that they were kindly received and their labours appreciated. It is sincerely hoped that the increased attendance will be maintained throughout the whole area of the churches. The weekly social in conneotlon with the Sold- iers' and Sailors' dependents was held in the Central Hall, Aberbargoed, on Tuesday last at 7.30 p.m., under the presidency of Mrs. J, W. Perry. An excellent programme was arranged, the following artistes taking part soloist. Mrs. Williams, Bargoed; elocutionists, Miss Ivy Evans, Miss Gwen Price, and Mr Tom Williams, Bargoed. A party. of school children under the direction of Miss Smale, rendered "Macnamara's Band," and were encored. The Aberbargoed Male Voice Party, conducted by Mr Isaac Davies, sang a number of glees in good style, their efforts being much appreciated by the audience. Other items were kindly rendered by friends, who ac- quitted themselves in an excellent manner. All are heartily thanked for services rendered. Be freshments were served at the close to a very large number of soldiers' dependents and friends. This meeting proved to be one of the best of U". whole series of fecials. Mrs. J. A. Lock NTSP the accompanist.
FOR SALE.-One NEWTON DYNAMO, 100 ?FVolte, 30 Amps, with Switchboard. Ex. | cellent Conditioa.—A?Iy, Guardian Offices, Rhymney.
CAERPHILLY LICENSING SESSIONS
CAERPHILLY LICENSING SESSIONS NEW APPLICATIONS REFUSED. The annual licensing sessions for the Caerphilly Lower Division was held at Caerphilly on Tuesday, at which there were present:—Messrs. E. Edwards (chairman), < Evan Owen, E.W. M. Corbett, J. Prosser, E. Richards, Walter L?wip, D. M. Yorwerth, and M. Williams. THE POLICE REPORT.—Police Snpt. Wil- liams, in his aunual report, stated that during the past year proceedings had been i. taken against 509 persons 448 males, 35 j females, as compared with 778 in the previous year. Convictions had been re- gisterl d against 448 males and 35 females, and 9 m les and 17 females had been dis- missed, as against a total of 74 last year. There are 73 on licenses and 12 off licenses in the division. Tho whole of the licensed houses had been well conducted during the year. There were 15 registered clubs in the district. "I would," he'added, "like to point out that the sales of beer in flagons delivered at people's houses, is on the in- crease, and I attribute a large proportion of drunkenness to this kind of trading." Pro- i ceedings had been taken against the licensee of the White Cross Inn and the Cooper's Arms, Ystradmynach, but were dismissed. also against the licensee of the Plough and Hairow, Gelligaer, the licensee of which was ordered to pay costs. The licensee of an old wine shop at Senghenydd was fined d65 and costs, and an assistant a similar amount for selling wine in an unauthorised manner. He objecied to the renewal of this license. Proceedings had also been taken against Mrs S. A. Williams, Gilfach street, Bargoed, but was dismissed. There were three applications before the Court for provisional licenses, they were for the proposed, Penallta Hotel at Cefn Llwyna, j Gelligaer, for Mr Rupert S. Ham < (5th application). For the Station Hotel, — Y strad rnynach, this being the second ap- plication, for Mr Evan J. Phillips, also for the Britannia Hotel, Tirberth, Pengam, for Mr F. Hadkinson. HI.NBURY ELICTRIC THEATRK, BARGOXD.- Mr Reg Harrison applied on behalf of the proprietors of the Hanbury Electric Theatre applied for a music and dancing license. He made a similar application last year, but was refused. He, however, repeated it this year, and did so for several reasons. As < their worships were aware the Cinemas could be used, if non-flammable films be used, on Sundays. At present the inflammable films were used on week days, and the non- flammable ones on Sundays, but what he desired most was permission to have music played with these piciures. The pictures shewn were all of a religious or an historical character, and the premises were open from 7.30 to 10 o'clock. He desired also to point out that Bargoed waa olose to the Mon- moothshire border, and a large number crossed over to that county on Sunday even- ings for the purpose of obtaining intoxicants. If the magistrates granted his application it would be aR inducement to stop this practice. Chairman We have considered the application and have decided to refuse it. NEW LICENSES.—The Chairman then in- timated that the magistrates had consider- ed the three new applications for provisional licenses which were to be applied for that day, and they had decided that the applica- tions were premature. They knew the districts very well, and the population is not suffici nt to warrant the granting of the licenses. Mr Hanson pointed out that in the locality of the proposed Station Hotel, there was now a population of 4,4.00, which shewed a very consideroble increase to what it was in 1912, and in 1910 when there were only 221 houses in the district. Mr Evan Owen We went into the whole cir- j eumstaucc-s. The Chairman We are un- animous that no new license is needed. BILLIARD LICENSEs.-The Bench granted a new billiard license in respect to the Clyde Billiard Hall, Nelson, but refused that of Thomas street, Abertridwr.